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released: 8 Oct 2009 author: AIHW media release

The Indigenous population experiences higher rates of homelessness and overcrowding than the non-Indigenous population. Whilst non-Indigenous Australians experience higher rates of affordability need, houses are least affordable for Indigenous Australians living in major cities. The number of additional dwellings required to address these problems is estimated to be 9,795. Since the 2005 report, connection to essential services and levels of overcrowding have improved, however, dwelling condition has deteriorated. Indigenous housing needs 2009: a multi-measure needs model presents the most recent data on the level of Indigenous housing need across five dimensions, estimates the current dwelling need gap and provides projections of Indigenous housing need.

ISBN 978 1 74024 952 2; Cat. no. HOU 214; 124pp.; Internet only

Full publication

Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Authorship and acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Symbols
    • Summary
      • The findings
  • Body section
    1. Introduction
    2. Profile of Indigenous Australians
      1. Demographic characteristics
        1. Population estimates and age
        2. Geographic location
      2. Population characteristics
        1. Household characteristics
        2. Tenure type
      3. Housing assistance
    3. Homelessness
      1. Definition
      2. HMAC agreed measure
      3. Estimate
      4. Alternative methodologies
      5. Population comparisons
      6. Changes in Indigenous homelessness since the 2005 Indigenous housing needs report
    4. Overcrowding
      1. Definition
      2. HMAC agreed measure
      3. Estimate
      4. Alternative methodologies
      5. Population comparisons
      6. Changes in Indigenous overcrowding since the 2005 Indigenous housing needs report
    5. Affordability
      1. Definition
      2. HMAC agreed measure
      3. Estimate
      4. Alternative methodologies
      5. Population comparisons
      6. Changes in Indigenous affordability since the 2005 Indigenous housing needs report
    6. Dwelling condition
      1. Definition
      2. HMAC agreed measure
      3. Estimate
      4. Alternative methodologies
      5. Population comparisons
      6. Changes in dwelling condition since the 2005 Indigenous housing needs report
    7. Connection to essential services
      1. Definition
      2. HMAC agreed measure
      3. Estimate
      4. Alternative methodologies
      5. Population comparisons
      6. Changes in connection to services since the 2005 Indigenous housing needs report
    8. Estimate of the current dwelling need gap
      1. Method
        1. Results
    9. Forward projections of need (emerging need)
      1. Method
      2. Results
    10. Improving the measurement of Indigenous housing need: definitional and data development work to be undertaken
      1. Currently measurable dimensions of Indigenous housing need
        1. Homelessness
        2. Overcrowding
        3. Dwelling condition
        4. Connection to essential services
      2. Unmeasured dimensions of Indigenous housing need
        1. Appropriateness
        2. Security of tenure
      3. Alignment of the multi-measure approach with emerging policy and program directions
  • End matter
    • Appendixes
      1. Data sources
        • ABS 2006 Census of Population and Housing
        • ABS 2006 Community Housing and Infrastructure Needs Survey (CHINS)
        • National Social Housing Survey (NSHS)
        • Commonwealth State Housing Agreement (CSHA) administrative data
        • Indigenous Community Housing (ICH) data collection
        • Supported Accommodation Assistance Program (SAAP) client collection
        • Australian Government Housing Data Set
      2. Additional tables
      3. Assessment of previous method for estimating the social housing dwelling need gap
        1. Strengths
        2. Limitations
        3. Comments on projection of need calculations
      4. Methodologies to assess Indigenous housing need
    • Glossary
    • References
    • List of tables
    • List of figures

Recommended citation

AIHW 2009. Indigenous housing needs 2009: a multi-measure needs model. Cat. no. HOU 214. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 3 September 2014 <http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=6442468287>.