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released: 1 Jun 2010 author: AIHW media release

Cardiovascular disease is Australia's biggest killer. This report focuses on its impact on the health of Australian women - a group who may not be aware of how significant a threat this disease is to them. The report presents the latest data on prevalence, deaths, disability, hospitalisations, services, treatments, risk factors and expenditure, as well as comparisons to other important diseases among women. This report is a useful resource for policy makers, researchers, health professionals and anyone interested in cardiovascular disease in Australian women.

ISSN 1323-9236; ISBN 978-1-74249-015-1; Cat. no. CVD 49; 251pp.; Internet only

Full publication

Publication table of contents

  • Woman and heart disease: cardiovascular profile of women in Australia
    • Cover (672KB PDF)
    • Preliminary pages (96KB PDF)
      • Title and verso title
      • Contents
      • Acknowledgments
      • Abbreviations
      • Symbols
      • Key points
    • Body section (489KB PDF)
      • Summary 
      • 1 Introduction
        • Purpose of this report
        • Structure of this report
      • 2 Australian women at a glance
        • Key points
        • Demographic profile
        • Socioeconomic profile
        • Health profile
        • Demographic profile
          • One in two Australians are females
          • Mortality
          • Life expectancy
          • Diversity
        • Socioeconomic profile
          • Income
          • Education
          • Employment
          • Region
          • Women as caregivers
        • Health profile
      • 3 Cardiovascular disease—an overview
        • What is cardiovascular disease?
          • Cause
          • Risk factors and prevention
        • How many women have CVD?
        • How many women die from CVD?
          • Age
        • The burden of CVD
          • Burden overall
          • Burden due to premature death
          • Burden due to poor health or disability
        • Comorbidities with CVD
          • Diabetes
          • Chronic kidney disease
          • Risk factors
          • Depression
          • Comorbidity and complications
          • Services and treatment
          • How common are comorbidities with CVD?
      • 4 Coronary heart disease
        • What is coronary heart disease?
          • Heart attack
          • Angina
          • Symptoms, treatment
          • Risk factors and prevention
        • How many women have CHD?
          • Age
        • How many women die from CHD?
          • Age
          • Survival
        • The burden of CHD
          • Burden overall
          • Burden due to premature death
          • Burden due to poor health or disability
      • 5 Stroke
        • What is stroke?
          • After a stroke
          • Risk factors and prevention
        • How many women have had a stroke?
          • Age
        • How many women die from stroke?
          • Age
        • The burden of stroke
          • Burden overall
          • Burden due to premature death
          • Burden due to poor health or disability
      • 6 Heart failure
        • What is heart failure?
          • Risk factors and prevention
        • How many women have heart failure?
          • Age
        • How many women die from heart failure?
          • Age
        • The burden of heart failure
      • 7 Risk factors, protective factors and associated conditions
        • Part 1: An overview
          • What is a risk factor?
          • What are the risk/protective factors for cardiovascular disease?
          • Level of risk is increased by the level of the risk factor
          • ...and by the number of risk factors
          • Assessing a woman's level of CVD risk
          • Which risk factors should be focused on by individuals, general practitioners and public health strategies?
        • Part 2: Specific risk/protective factors
        • High blood pressure
          • What is high blood pressure?
          • How can we find out how many Australian women have high blood pressure?
          • How many Australian women have high blood pressure?
          • The burden of high blood pressure
        • High blood cholesterol
          • What is high blood cholesterol?
          • How can we find out how many Australian women have high blood cholesterol?
          • How many Australian women have high blood cholesterol?
          • The burden of high blood cholesterol
        • Overweight and obesity
          • What is overweight and obesity?
          • How can we find out how many Australian women are overweight?
          • How many Australian women are overweight or obese?
        • Type 2 Diabetes
          • What is Type 2 diabetes?
          • How many Australian women have Type 2 diabetes?
          • The burden of diabetes
        • Physical activity/inactivity
          • What is physical activity?
          • What is sufficient physical activity?
          • How can we find out how many Australian women are sufficiently active?
          • How many Australian women are not sufficiently active?
          • The burden of physical inactivity
        • Diet (low fruit and vegetable consumption)
          • What is low fruit and vegetable consumption?
          • How can we find out how many Australian women are not eating enough fruit and vegetables?
          • How many Australian women do not eat enough fruit and vegetables?
          • The burden of not eating enough fruit and vegetables
        • Tobacco smoking
          • What is tobacco smoking?
          • How can we find out how many Australian women smoke tobacco?
          • How many Australian women smoke tobacco?
          • The burden of tobacco smoking
          • Tobacco smoking and the contraceptive pill
        • Alcohol consumption
          • What is risky and high-risk alcohol consumption?
          • How can we know how many Australian women drink excessively?
          • How many Australian women are drinking at risky or high-risk levels?
        • Depression and social support
          • Depression
            • How can we find out how many Australian women have depression?
            • How many Australian women have depression?
            • The burden of depression
            • Social support
      • 8 Services and treatments
        • Hospitalisations
          • Cardiovascular disease
          • Coronary heart disease
          • Stroke
          • Heart failure
        • Procedures in hospital
          • Data considerations
          • Coronary angiography
          • Echocardiography
          • CT brain scan
          • MRI brain scan
          • Percutaneous coronary interventions
          • Coronary artery bypass grafting
          • Heart valve repair or replacement
          • Pacemaker insertion
          • Cardiac defibrillator implant
          • Heart transplants
          • Carotid endarterectomy
        • General practice care
          • Key points
          • Cardiovascular disease
          • Ischaemic heart disease
          • Stroke
          • Hypertension
          • Source: 2007-08 Bettering the Evaluation and Care of Health program, Australian General Practice Statistics and Classification Centre.
          • Heart failure
        • Medicines
          • Key points
            • Antithrombotic agents
            • Cardiac therapy
            • Diuretics
            • Beta-blocking agents
            • Calcium-channel blockers
            • Agents acting on the renin-angiotensin system
            • Serum-lipid-reducing agents
      • 9 Health care expenditure
        • All cardiovascular disease
      • 10 Cardiovascular disease in context
        • How common are cardiovascular conditions in women compared with other diseases?
        • What are the main causes of death among women?
        • How does the disease burden for cardiovascular conditions in women compare with other diseases?
      • 11 Discussion
    • End matter (323KB PDF)
      • Appendix 1: Detailed statistical tables
      • Appendix 2: Methods
        • Statistical methods
          • Prevalence
          • Crude rates
          • Age-specific rates
          • Age-standardised rates
            • Direct age standardisation
          • Significance testing
        • Defining exercise levels in the 2007-08 National Health Survey
        • Hospitalisations
        • Hospital procedures
        • Codes used in this report
          • Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical classification
          • International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) codes
          • International Classification of Primary Care Version 2 codes
        • Data sources
      • Glossary
      • References
      • List of tables
      • List of figures
      • List of boxes

Recommended citation

AIHW 2010. Women and heart disease: cardiovascular profile of women in Australia. Cardiovascular disease series 33. Cat. no. CVD 49. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 25 April 2014 <http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=6442468369>.