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released: 16 Dec 2010 author: AIHW media release

Cancer in Australia: an overview, 2010 provides a comprehensive overview of national statistics on cancer in Australia. The report presents the latest available statistics on cancer overall, as well as on many individual types of cancers, and it includes information on incidence, mortality, survival, prevalence, burden of cancer, hospitalisations, and national cancer screening programs.

ISSN 1039-3307; ISBN 978-1-74249-082-3; Cat. no. CAN 56; 228pp.; Internet only

Full publication

Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Symbols
    • Summary 
  • Body section
    1. Introduction
      • What is cancer?
      • What are the known risk factors for cancer?
        • Smoking
        • Alcohol consumption
        • Diet
        • Physical inactivity and obesity
        • Hormonal factors in females
        • Chronic infections
        • Sunlight
        • Radiation
        • Occupational exposures
        • Pollution
        • Genetic susceptibility
         
      • Purpose and structure of this report
      • Data interpretation
      • Data sources
       
    2. Incidence of cancer
      • How many people were diagnosed with cancer in 2007?
        • Which cancers were the most common?
        • Does incidence differ by age?
        • What is the risk?
         
      • What has changed?
        • Trends for all cancers combined
        • Trends for specific cancer sites
         
      • How does Australia compare internationally?
       
    3. Mortality from cancer
      • How many people died from cancer in 2007?
        • Which cancers led to most deaths?
        • Does mortality differ by age?
        • What is the risk?
         
      • What has changed?
        • Trends for all cancers combined
        • Trends for specific cancer sites
         
      • How does Australia compare internationally?
       
    4. Differences across population groups
      • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status
        • Do incidence rates differ for Indigenous Australians?
        • Do mortality rates differ for Indigenous Australians?
         
      • State and territory
        • Do incidence rates differ by state and territory?
        • Do mortality rates differ by state and territory?
         
      • Remoteness area
        • Do incidence rates differ by remoteness area?
        • Do mortality rates differ by remoteness area?
         
      • Socioeconomic status
        • Do incidence rates differ by socioeconomic status?
        • Do mortality rates differ by socioeconomic status?
       
    5. Survival after a diagnosis of cancer
      • What is the prospect of survival?
        • Is the prospect of survival similar for all cancer sites?
        • Does survival differ by age?
         
      • How has survival changed over time?
        • Is the gain in survival over time evident in all age groups?
         
      • How does Australia compare internationally?
       
    6. Prevalence of cancer
      • How prevalent was cancer in 2004?
        • Prevalence by selected cancer sites
       
    7. Burden of disease due to cancer
      • Burden of disease due to cancer in 2010
        • Burden of disease by selected cancer sites
        • Burden due to years of life lost (YLL) and years of life lost to disability (YLD)
        • Differences by age
       
    8. Hospitalisations for cancer
      • Hospitalisations for cancer in 2007–08 and 2008–09
        • How long, on average, did cancer patients stay in hospital?
        • Which cancers and related treatments led to the most hospitalisations?
       
    9. National cancer screening programs
      • National Cervical Screening Program
        • Participation
        • Impact of the program on the incidence of cervical cancer
         
      • BreastScreen Australia
        • Participation
        • Detection of breast cancers
        • Mortality from breast cancer
         
      • National Bowel Cancer Screening Program
        • Participation
        • Faecal occult blood test outcomes
        • Detection of bowel cancer
     
  • End matter
    • Appendixes
      • Appendix A: Cancer codes
      • Appendix B: Summary pages for selected cancer sites
        • All cancers (C00–C96(a, b), D45, D46, D47.1, D47.3)
        • Acute myeloid leukaemia (C92.0, C92.3–C92.5, C93.0, C94.0, C94.2, C94.4, C94.5)
        • Bladder cancer (C67)
        • Bowel cancer (C18–C20)
        • Brain cancer (C71)
        • Breast cancer (C50)
        • Cervical cancer (C53)
        • Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (C91.1)
        • Cancer of the gallbladder and bile ducts (C23–C24)
        • Hodgkin lymphoma (C81)
        • Kidney cancer (C64)
        • Laryngeal cancer (C32)
        • Lip cancer (C00)
        • Liver cancer (C22)
        • Lung cancer (C33–C34)
        • Melanoma of the skin (C43)
        • Mesothelioma (C45)
        • Multiple primary cancers (C97)
        • Myelodysplastic syndrome (D46)
        • Myeloma (C90)
        • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (C82–C85)
        • Non-melanoma skin cancer (C44)(a)
        • Oesophageal cancer (C15)
        • Cancer of other digestive organs (C26)
        • Other myeloproliferative cancers (C94.1, C94.3, C96.2, D45, D47.1, D47.3)
        • Other soft tissue cancers (C47, C49)
        • Ovarian cancer (C56)
        • Pancreatic cancer (C25)
        • Prostate cancer (C61)
        • Stomach cancer (C16)
        • Testicular cancer (C62)
        • Thyroid cancer (C73)
        • Tongue cancer (C01–C02)
        • Total lymphoid cancers (C81–C85, C88, C90, C91)
        • Total myeloid cancers (C92–C94, C96.2, D45, D46, D47.1, D47.3)
        • Unknown primary site (C80)(a)
        • Uterine cancer (C54–C55)
         
      • Appendix C: Cancer incidence and mortality for all cancer groupings
      • Appendix D: Additional tables
        • Additional table for Chapter 2: Incidence of cancer
        • Additional table for Chapter 3: Mortality from cancer
        • Additional tables for Chapter 4: Differences across population groups
        • Additional tables for Chapter 5: Survival after a diagnosis of cancer
        • Additional table for Chapter 6: Prevalence of cancer
        • Additional tables for Chapter 7: Burden of disease due to cancer
        • Additional tables for Chapter 8: Hospitalisations for cancer
         
      • Appendix E: Classifications
        • Australian Standard Geographical Classification Remoteness Areas
        • Index of Relative Socio-economic Disadvantage
        • International Classification of Diseases for Oncology
        • International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems
        • International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Australian modification
         
      • Appendix F: Statistical methods and technical notes
        • 2010 estimated incidence and mortality
          • Prostate cancer 2010 estimated incidence
           
        • Age-specific rates
        • Age-standardised rates
        • Confidence intervals
        • Mortality-to-incidence ratio
        • Relative survival analysis
        • Risk to age 75 and 85 years
         
      • Appendix G: Data sources
        • Australian Cancer Database
          • Non-melanoma skin cancers
           
        • BreastScreen Australia Program data
        • Burden of disease data
        • GLOBOCAN
        • National Bowel Cancer Screening Program data
        • National Cervical Screening Program data
        • National Death Index
        • National Hospital Morbidity Database
        • National Mortality Database
        • Population data
         
      • Appendix H: Incidence of cancers of the blood and lymphatic system
      • Appendix I: Definition of cancer-related hospitalisations
      • Appendix J: Estimating prostate cancer incidence in 2010
        • Prostate cancer and the effects of PSA testing
       
    • Glossary
    • References
    • Related state and territory cancer registry publications
    • List of tables
    • List of figures

Recommended citation

AIHW 2010. Cancer in Australia 2010: an overview. Cancer series no. 60. Cat. no. CAN 56. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 23 October 2014 <http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=6442472459>.