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released: 21 Jan 2011 author: AIHW media release

This report contains comprehensive information on state and territory child protection and support services, and the characteristics of Australian children within the child protection system. Across Australia in 2009-10 over 187,000 children were the subject of a child protection notification; just over 31,000 children were the subject of a substantiation; around 37,000 children were on care and protection orders; almost 36,000 children were living in out-of-home care; and there were almost 8,050 foster carer households.

ISSN 1320-081X; ISBN 978-1-74249-103-5; Cat. no. CWS 39; 152pp.; Internet only

 Full publication

Publication table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso title pages
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
      • South Australia
      • New South Wales
      • Tasmania
      • Victoria
      • Western Australia
      • Queensland
      • Northern Territory
    • Abbreviations
      • Symbols used in tables
      • Technical notes
    • Summary
      • Main findings
        • Notifications, investigations and substantiations
        • Children on care and protection orders
        • Children in out-of-home care
        • Foster carers
        • Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children
        • Intensive family support services
    • Body content
      • 1 Introduction
        • 1.1 Child protection overview and processes
          • Reports to the department
          • Notifications, investigations and substantiations
          • Care and protection orders
          • Out-of-home care
          • Family support services
        • 1.2 Developments in child protection policies and practices
          • Australian developments
            • The National Framework for Protecting Australia’s Children 2009–2020
              • Framework principles
              • Framework governance
              • Framework reporting
          • International snapshot
        • 1.3 Child protection data collections
          • Data sources
          • Data limitations
          • Key differences across state and territory collections
          • Changes in data systems
        • 1.4 Future directions for the national data collections
          • Unit record file development
          • Treatment and support services development
        • 1.5 Structure of this report
      • 2 Notifications, investigations and substantiations
        • 2.1 Overview
          • Scope
          • Definitions
            • Child protection notifications
            • Investigations
            • Substantiations of notifications
          • Interpretation of the data
        • 2.2 Numbers of notifications, investigations and substantiations
          • Notifications and investigations
            • Recent trends in notifications
            • Outcomes of finalised investigations
            • Source of notifications for finalised investigations
          • Substantiations and type of abuse and neglect
            • Substantiations of notifications
            • Types of abuse or neglect
            • Family type
        • 2.3 Characteristics of children
          • Number of children
          • Rates by sex of child
          • Rates by age of child
          • Types of abuse and neglect
          • Recent trends regarding children in substantiations
        • 2.4 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children
          • Children in substantiations
          • Types of abuse and neglect
      • 3 Care and protection orders
        • 3.1 Overview
          • Scope
          • Definitions
            • Children who are in need of care and protection
            • Types of care and protection orders
              • Finalised guardianship or custody orders
              • Finalised third-party parental responsibility
              • Finalised supervisory orders
              • Interim and temporary orders
              • Administrative arrangements
          • Interpretation of the data
        • 3.2 Numbers of care and protection orders
          • Orders issued
        • 3.3 Characteristics of children on orders
          • Children admitted to, and discharged from, orders
            • Recent trends in children admitted to orders
          • Types of orders
          • Age and sex of children
          • Living arrangements
          • Recent trends regarding children on care and protection orders
        • 3.4 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children
          • Children on orders
          • Types of orders
      • 4 Out-of-home care
        • 4.1 Overview
          • Scope
          • Definitions
            • Types of placements
          • Interpretation of the data
        • 4.2 Characteristics of children in out-of-home care
          • Children admitted to, and discharged from, out-of-home care
          • Types of placement
          • Age and sex of children
          • Children on a care and protection order
          • Length of time in continuous placement
          • Recent trends regarding children in out-of-home care
        • 4.3 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children
          • Children in out-of-home care
          • The Aboriginal Child Placement Principle
      • 5 Foster carers
        • 5.1 Overview
          • Scope and definitions
          • Interpretation of the data
        • 5.2 Foster carer households
      • 6 Intensive family support services
        • 6.1 Overview
          • Scope
          • Definitions
        • 6.2 Children commencing intensive family support services
    • End matter
      • Appendix 1: Detailed tables
        • Notifications, investigations and substantiations
        • Care and protection orders
        • Out-of-home care
        • Population data
      • Appendix 2: Technical notes
        • Calculation of rates
          • Rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children
        • Identification of Indigenous status
          • Children
          • Caregivers
      • Appendix 3: Mandatory reporting requirements
        • New South Wales
        • Victoria
        • Queensland
        • Western Australia
        • South Australia
        • Tasmania
        • Australian Capital Territory
        • Northern Territory
      • Appendix 4: Legislation
        • Child protection legislation
          • Commonwealth
          • New South Wales
          • Victoria
          • Queensland
          • Western Australia
          • South Australia
          • Tasmania
          • Australian Capital Territory
          • Northern Territory
        • Legislative definition of ‘in need of care and protection’
          • New South Wales
          • Victoria
          • Queensland
          • Western Australia
          • South Australia
          • Tasmania
          • Australian Capital Territory
          • Northern Territory
      • Appendix 5: Policy and practice differences in states and territories
        • Notifications, investigations and substantiations
        • Care and protection orders
          • Finalised guardianship and custody orders
          • Finalised third-party parental responsibility orders
          • Finalised supervisory orders
          • Interim and temporary orders
          • Administrative arrangements
        • Out-of-home care
          • Out-of-home care and court orders
          • Other state and territory differences
      • Appendix 6: Recent state and territory policy changes
        • New South Wales
        • Victoria
        • Queensland
        • Western Australia
        • South Australia
        • Tasmania
        • Australian Capital Territory
        • Northern Territory
      • Appendix 7: Jurisdictions’ data systems
        • Key differences between jurisdictions’ data systems
          • Notifications, investigations and substantiations
            • Abuse in care
            • No suitable caregiver
        • Relevant changes in data systems
          • New South Wales
          • Victoria
          • Queensland
          • Western Australia
          • South Australia
          • Tasmania
          • Australian Capital Territory
      • Appendix 8: Inquiries into child protection services
      • Glossary
        • General definitions
          • Child protection and support services
          • Indigenous status
            • Indigenous
            • Non-Indigenous
            • Unknown
        • Definitions for child protection notifications, investigations and substantiations
          • Age of child
          • Child protection notification
          • Family of residence
            • (a) Two parent—natural
            • (b) Two parent—step or blended
            • (c) Single parent—female
            • (d) Single parent—male
            • (e) Other relatives/kin
            • (f) Foster care
            • (g) Other
            • (h) Not stated
          • Investigation outcome
            • (a) Finalised investigation
              • Substantiated
              • Not-Substantiated
            • (b) Investigation closed—no outcome possible
            • (c) Investigation in process
          • Source of notification
            • (a) Parent/guardian
            • (b) Sibling
            • (c) Other relative
            • (d) Friend/neighbour
            • (e) Medical practitioner
            • (f) Other health personnel
            • (g) Hospital/health centre personnel
            • (h) Social worker/welfare worker/psychologist/other trained welfare worker
            • (i) School personnel
            • (j) Child care personnel
            • (k) Police
            • (l) Departmental officer
            • (m) Non-government organisation
            • (n) Anonymous
            • (o) Other
            • (p) Not stated
          • Substantiation of a notification received during the year
          • Type of abuse or neglect
            • (a) Physical abuse
            • (b) Sexual abuse
            • (c) Emotional abuse
            • (d) Neglect
          • Type of action (for child protection notifications)
            • (a) Investigation
              • Investigations to be included in this data collection relate to notifications of a child aged less than 18 years of age made to an authorised department between 1 July 2009 and 30 June 2010, which were subsequently investigated.
            • (b) Dealt with by other means
              • This includes two sub-categories outlined below.
        • Definitions for care and protection orders
          • Age of child
          • Child subject to orders
          • Types of care and protection orders
            • Finalised guardianship or custody orders
            • Involve the transfer of legal guardianship to the relevant state or territory department or non-government agency. These orders involve considerable intervention in the child’s life and that of their family, and are sought only as a last resort. Guard...
            • Finalised third-party parental responsibility
              • Transfer all duties, powers, responsibilities and authority parents are entitled to by law, to a nominated person(s) considered appropriate by the court. The nominated person may be an individual such as a relative or an officer of the state or territ...
            • Finalised supervisory orders
              • Give the department responsible for child protection some responsibility for a child’s welfare. Under these orders, the department supervises and/or directs the level and type of care that is to be provided to the child. Children under supervisory ord...
            • Interim and temporary orders
              • Generally cover the provisions of a limited period of supervision and/or placement of a child. Parental responsibility under these orders may reside with the parents or with the department responsible for child protection. Unfinalised orders (such as ...
            • Administrative arrangements
              • Agreements with the child protection departments, which have the same effect as a court order of transferring custody or guardianship. These arrangements can also allow a child to be placed in out-of-home care without going through the courts.
          • Living arrangements
            • (a) Residential care
            • (b) Family group homes
            • (c) Home-based out-of-home care
            • (d) Family care—including:
              • (i) parents—(natural or adoptive)
              • (ii) relatives or kin who are NOT reimbursed (other than parents).
            • (e) Independent living
            • (f) Other living arrangements
        • Definitions for out-of-home care
          • Age of child
          • Respite care
          • Type of placement
            • (a) Residential care
            • (b) Family group homes
            • (c) Home-based care
              • (i) relative/kinship care–includes family members (other than parents) or a person well known to the child and/or family (based on a pre–existing relationship) who is reimbursed (or who has been offered but declined reimbursement) by the state/ territ...
        • Definitions for foster carers
          • Child
          • Foster carer household
        • Definitions for intensive family support services
          • Age
          • Agency
          • Indigenous
          • Intensive family support services
          • Living situation
            • (a) family care
              • (i) child/ren living with parent(s)
              • (ii) child/ren living with other relatives/kin who are not reimbursed by the state for their care.
          • Location
          • Geographic area
          • Type of service
      • References
      • List of tables
      • List of figures

 

Recommended citation

AIHW 2011. Child protection Australia 2009-10. Child welfare series no. 51. Cat. no. CWS 39. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 20 April 2014 <http://www.aihw.gov.au/publication-detail/?id=6442475448>.