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Health care expenditure on cardiovascular diseases 2008-09
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) makes a considerable impact on the health of Australians and has the highest level of health-care expenditure of any disease group.Between 2000-01 and 2008-09, health-care expenditure allocated to CVD increased by 48% from $5,207 million to $7,717 million.The health-care sector with the largest increase (55%) was hospital admitted patients.
Type 2 diabetes in Australia's children and young people: a working paper
Type 2 diabetes in Australia's children and young people identifies and describes national data sources to monitor incidence and prevalence of type 2 diabetes in children and young people and assesses their suitability for this task. This working paper also presents, for the first time, national incidence and prevalence estimates of type 2 diabetes in Australia's children and young people.
Stronger Futures in the Northern Territory: Hearing Health Services 2012-2013
This report presents data on the Indigenous children who participated in the audiology and Child Hearing Health Coordinator (CHHC) programs delivered under the National Partnership Agreement on Stronger Futures in the Northern Territory. During 2012-13, 1,807 audiology services were provided to 1,541 children. A total of 174 children participated in the CHHC program and presented for 181 visits. Of children who received audiology services, 72% were diagnosed with at least one type of middle ear condition and about 10% had moderate, severe or profound hearing impairment.
Medical workforce 2012
The supply of employed medical practitioners in Australia increased from 323.2 to 355.6 full-time equivalent practitioners per 100,000 population between 2008 and 2012, which reflected a 16.4% rise in employed practitioner numbers. Women made up 37.9% of practitioners in 2012 compared with 34.9% in 2008.
Dental workforce 2012
The number of dental practitioners registered in Australia in 2012 was 19,462, of whom 14,687 (75.5%) were dentists. The supply of employed dentists increased slightly from 55.4 to 56.9 full-time equivalent practitioners per 100,000 population between 2011 and 2012, which reflected a 5.3% increase in dentists.The gender balance continued to shift, with women making up 36.5% of dentists in 2012 compared with 35.2% in 2011. The average hours worked each week by dentists decreased slightly from 37.3 to 37.0; and those working part time increased from 30.8% to 31.7%.
Australian hospital statistics 2012-13: Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in Australian public hospitals
In 2012 13, all states and territories had rates of hospital-associated Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) below the national benchmark, with rates ranging from 0.7 to 1.3 cases per 10,000 patient days.There were 1,724 cases of hospital-associated SAB reported for Australia, which occurred during approximately 18.8 million days of patient care.
Australia's mothers and babies 2011
In 2011, 297,126 women gave birth to 301,810 babies in Australia. This was an increase of 2,247 births (0.8%) than reported in 2010, and a total increase of 18.3% since 2002. Nationally, the proportion of teenage mothers (younger than 20) declined from 3.9% in 2010 to 3.7% in 2011, compared with 4.9% in 2002.
Specialist homelessness services 2012-13
In 2012-13 specialist homelessness services assisted over 244,000 clients. Of these clients, 54% were at risk of homelessness, and 46% were already homeless when they first began receiving support (22% of those who were homeless had no shelter or were living in an improvised dwelling). This report presents the findings of the Specialist Homelessness Services Collection for 2012-13, and describes the clients who received specialist homelessness support, the assistance they sought and were provided, and the outcomes achieved for those clients.
Health system expenditure on cancer and other neoplasms in Australia 2008-09
Health system expenditure on cancer and other neoplasms in Australia, 2008-09 presents an overview of cancer expenditure focusing on the six cancers with the highest health system expenditure in each of four life stages 0-14, 15-24, 25-64 and 65 years and over. Findings include: Cancer and other neoplasms ranked sixth in terms of estimated health system expenditure on chronic diseases, accounting for 6.9% of total health system expenditure on all chronic diseases. Expenditure on national population screening programs totalled $332 million. From 2000-01 to 2008-09, total health system expenditure on cancer increased by 56% from $2,894 million to $4,526 million.
AIHW Access no. 36, 2013
Access is a newsletter published by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, profiling the Institute's work and its people.
Adoptions Australia 2012-13
This report contains comprehensive information on adoptions in Australia, including the characteristics of adopted children, adoptive families and birth mothers. It also reports on the processing times for intercountry adoption, as well as on applications and vetoes lodged by parties to adoptions concerning contact and information exchange. During 2012-13, there were 339 finalised adoptions across Australia. Among these adoptions:46% were 'known' child adoptions, 38% were intercountry, and 16% were local 84% of intercountry adoptees came from Asia52% of 'known' adoptions were by carers, such as foster parents51% of adopted children were aged under 5.
Youth detention population in Australia 2013
This report presents information on the youth detention population in Australia, focusing on quarterly trends from June 2009 to June 2013. On an average night, there were about 1,000 young people in detention, about half of whom were unsentenced. Numbers and rates of young people in detention remained relatively stable over the 4 years nationally; however, this trend varied between different states and territories. Around half of all young people in detention on an average night were Indigenous.
Developing client-based analyses for reporting on the alcohol and other drug treatment services
Developing client based analysis for reporting on alcohol and other drug treatment services outlines AIHW intended analysis techniques to:- estimate the number and rate of clients receiving alcohol and other drug treatment - explore patterns of drug use and pathways through treatment - explore the characteristics of different client groups, for example, those who return to treatment over many years with multiple drugs of concern or treatment types.Some analyses described either require, or would be improved by, future data development activities for this collection. Public consultation is open until 28 February 2014.
National Social Housing Survey: detailed results 2012
An overview of the national findings of the 2012 National Social Housing Survey was published by AIHW in May 2013. This report provides further detail on national level findings, state and territory comparisons and comparisons across public housing, state owned and managed Indigenous housing, and community housing programs. It shows that:- The majority of tenants are satisfied with the services provided by their housing organisation, with community housing tenants the most satisfied. - Tenants report a range of benefits from living in social housing. Around 7 in 10 tenants feel more settled and are able to manage rent or money better.- The majority of tenants live in a dwelling of an acceptable standard, and less than 1 in 10 social housing dwellings can be reported as overcrowded.- An estimated 1 in 10 public housing and SOMIH tenants and around 1 in 5 community housing tenants indicated they have been homeless in the past five years.
Using the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set to measure juvenile recidivism
This report reviewed results and recommendations of a project exploring youth recidivism, including to determining whether youth recidivism could be analysed using data from the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set (JJ NMDS). There are substantial benefits in using a longitudinal data collection such as the JJ NMDS, but also some limitations. Preliminary data analysed showed that nationally, over two-fifths (43%) of young people with sentenced supervision in 2010-11 had returned to sentenced supervision within 1 year, while over three-fifths (63%) of those with sentenced supervision in 2009-10 had returned to sentenced supervision within 2 years.
Nursing and midwifery workforce 2012
This report outlines the workforce characteristics of nurses and midwives in 2012. Between 2008 and 2012, the number of nurses and midwives employed in nursing or midwifery increased by 7.5%, from 269,909 to 290,144. During this period, nursing and midwifery supply increased by 0.5%, from 1,117.8 to 1,123.6 full-time equivalent nurses and midwives per 100,000 population. In 2012, the proportion of employed nurses and midwives aged 50 or older was 39.1%, an increase from 35.1% in 2008.
National performance indicators to support neonatal hearing screening in Australia
Around half the children born with hearing impairment have no identified risk factor for the condition. It is widely acknowledged that delays in the identification and treatment of permanent childhood hearing impairment may profoundly affect quality of life in terms of language acquisition, social and emotional development, and education and employment prospects. All states and territories in Australia have universal neonatal hearing screening. This working paper presents a set of performance indicators for monitoring neonatal hearing screening activity in Australia at a national level. National evaluation and monitoring provides a measure of how well neonatal hearing screening is achieving its aims and objectives and will enable strengthening of screening practices and administrative processes to further improve outcomes for Australian infants.
Report on monitoring activities of the National Cervical Screening Program Safety Monitoring Committee
This report looks at the evidence collected and assessed by the Safety Monitoring Committee established to assess whether there were adverse outcomes following the introduction of new NHMRC guidelines on how women with a low-grade Pap test result or a treated high-grade cervical biopsy result should be managed. Acknowledging that new evidence may come to light in future which could affect this picture, the overarching message from the evidence currently available and the methods used to assess this evidence is that the new guidelines have not led to an increase in cervical cancer in the seven years since they were introduced.
Monitoring pulmonary rehabilitation and long-term oxygen therapy for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major cause of death and disability in Australia. While pulmonary rehabilitation and long term oxygen therapy are recommended treatments for COPD, there is currently no national information about the supply and use of these therapies. This report outlines a proposed approach to monitoring access to, and utilisation of, these therapies, by capitalising on existing data sources and identifying data development opportunities.
Palliative care services in Australia 2013
Palliative care services in Australia 2013 is the second in a planned series of annual reports providing a detailed picture of the national response to the palliative care needs of Australians. Information from a range of data sources from 2011-12 and where indicated, 2010-11 are presented, as are changes over time. There were almost 24,500 palliative care-related separations reported in public and private hospitals in 2010-11. Almost $3.5 million in Medicare Benefits Schedule payments was paid for palliative medicine specialist services in 2011-12.
Prostate cancer in Australia
This is the first comprehensive national report on prostate cancer in Australia. It presents an overview of the condition and analysis of key summary measures including incidence, mortality and survival. Findings include:Prostate cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in Australia (excluding non-melanoma skin cancer), with 21,808 new diagnoses in 2009.Prostate cancer is the fourth leading cause of mortality among Australian males, with 3,294 deaths from prostate cancer in 2011.Around 9 in 10 (92%) males diagnosed with prostate cancer survive 5 years from diagnosis. This is higher than for all cancers (65%).
Housing assistance in Australia 2013
This report looks at trends in housing and housing assistance provided by governments in Australia in terms social housing and financial assistance in 2012-13. The report explores the various types of housing assistance provided to low-income households and special needs groups including first home buyers, Indigenous Australians, young and older Australians, people with disability, and those who are homeless. A high proportion of low income households spend more than 30% of their income on rent (42%). This creates a large demand for financial assistance (1.2 million receiving Commonwealth Rent Assistance) and social housing dwellings (over 200,000 on waiting lists).
Development of an ongoing national data collection on the educational outcomes of children in child protection services: a working paper
Improving the educational outcomes of children involved in statutory child protection services has been a high priority for Australian governments in recent years. This working paper provides an overview of a proposed national linked dataset on the educational activity and outcomes of children while in child protection services, to allow ongoing and longitudinal monitoring of the academic progress, and to better inform policy, practice and planning of activities to support these children. National linkage of multiple administrative data sources is proposed, with the aim of capturing a variety of data across the primary and secondary schooling years.
The inclusion of Indigenous status on pathology request forms
Under the National Indigenous Reform Agreement in 2008, the Council of Australian Government agreed to data quality improvements which are focussed on improving Indigenous identification in key data sets. This report outlines work towards the inclusion of Indigenous status on pathology request forms as a way to improve Indigenous identification in national cancer, communicable disease and cervical screening registries.
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