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Alcohol and other drug treatment and diversion from the Australian criminal justice system: 2012-13

Nationally, there were 24,069 clients who had been diverted into alcohol and other drug treatment, comprising 24% of all clients. Diversion clients were younger and more likely to be male than non-diversion clients, and less likely to be Indigenous. Diversion treatment episodes were about twice as likely to involve cannabis as the principal drug of concern compared with episodes for non-diversion clients. Police diversion episodes had less intensive treatment types compared with court diversion episodes.

Key performance indicators for the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program: technical report

This report provides provide a summary of the development process and the technical specification for the 11 agreed performance indicators that are part of the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program Performance Indicator Set. This report is a reference tool for anyone who wishes to understand, measure and report the progress of bowel cancer screening in Australia.

Housing outcomes for groups vulnerable to homelessness: 1 July 2011 to 31 December 2013

Using data from specialist homelessness agencies, this bulletin examines four cohorts vulnerable to homelessness and the differences in the housing outcomes both across and within the groups. It seeks to better understand why some people in these groups may retain or attain housing while others become or stay homeless. It is expected that well known factors which make people more vulnerable to homelessness will also be key factors in their housing outcomes following support. This bulletin seeks to confirm that this is the case and also provide an indication of the extent of the impact of these factors.

BreastScreen Australia monitoring report 2011-2012

The BreastScreen Australia monitoring report 2011–2012 presents the latest national statistics on this national screening program, which aims to reduce illness and death resulting from breast cancer through organised screening to detect cases of unsuspected breast cancer in women, thus enabling early intervention. Around 55% of women in the target age group of 50–69 took part in the program, with more than 1.7 million women screening in 2011–2012.Breast cancer mortality is at an historic low, at 44 deaths per 100,000 women.

Australian hospital statistics 2012–13: private hospitals

Australian hospital statistics 2012–13: private hospitals is a new report in AIHW’s series of summary reports describing the characteristics and activity of Australia’s hospitals, focused on the role of private hospitals in Australia. In 2012–13, 41% of all separations occurred in private hospitals. From 2003–04 to 2012–13, the total number of private hospital separations increased by 46% from 2.64 million to 3.84 million. During this period, the number of same-day separations in private hospitals increased 60% from 1.65 million to 2.65 million separations and overnight separations increased 21% from 986,000 to 1.20 million.

Palliative care services in Australia 2014

Palliative care services in Australia 2014 is the third in a planned series of annual reports providing a detailed picture of the national response to the palliative care needs of Australians. Information from a range of data sources from 2012–13 and, where indicated 2011–12, are presented, as are changes over time. There were more than 57,600 palliative care-related separations reported in public and private hospitals in 2011–12. Almost $4.7 million in Medicare Benefits Schedule payments was paid for palliative medicine specialist services in 2012–13.

Health expenditure Australia 2012-13

Expenditure on health in Australia was estimated to be $147.4 billion in 2012–13, 1.5% higher than in 2011–12 and the lowest growth since the mid 1980’s. In 2012–13, governments provided $100.8 billion (or 68.3%) of total health expenditure. Government funding of health expenditure fell in real terms for the first time in the decade by 0.9%, largely a result of a decline in Australian Government funding of 2.4%. State and territory government funding was also relatively low, growing just 1.4% in real terms in 2012–13. In contrast, growth in non-government funding was relatively strong at 7.2%.

A new approach to national child protection data: implementation of the Child Protection National Minimum Data Set

Over the past few years, the AIHW, with dedicated national resources made available through the Australian Government, has worked with all jurisdictions to implement a new Child Protection National Minimum Data Set (CP NMDS) for reporting on child protection. This working paper describes the development and implementation of the CP NMDS and highlights key new analyses able to be reported for the first time at the national level. It also outlines the need for ongoing development work.

Improving dementia data in Australia: supplement to Dementia in Australia 2012

Rich and robust data are needed for policy makers and practitioners to facilitate the prevention, early detection, diagnosis and treatment of dementia, as well as improving support for people with dementia and those who care for them. This paper provides an overview of the status of dementia data at the time of preparing the report Dementia in Australia (AIHW 2012a), and suggests ways in which the availability, consistency and quality of these data could be improved.

Nomenclature for models of maternity care: a literature review

The report presents a literature review on the development of a nomenclature for models of maternity care in Australia. It is one of several components of the National Maternity Data Development Project and is a companion report to the publication, Foundations for enhanced maternity data collection and reporting in Australia: National Maternity Data Development Project Stage 1.

Nomenclature for models of maternity care: a consultation report

The report presents the findings of consultation on a proposed system for classifying models of maternity care in Australia. It is one of several components of the National Maternity Data Development Project and is a companion report to the publication, Foundations for enhanced maternity data collection and reporting in Australia: National Maternity Data Development Project Stage 1.

Maternal mortality: data linkage methodology

The report presents a data linkage methodology to ascertain the number of maternal and late maternal deaths in Australia. It is one of several components of the National Maternity Data Development Project and is a companion report to the publication, Foundations for enhanced maternity data collection and reporting in Australia: National Maternity Data Development Project Stage 1.

National perinatal mortality data reporting project: issues paper

This paper presents findings on the issues that need to be considered in order to produce a national perinatal mortality report that is relevant to maternity services. It is one of several components of the National Maternity Data Development Project and is a companion report to the publication Foundations for enhanced maternity data collection and reporting in Australia: National Maternity Data Development Project Stage 1.

Stillbirths in Australia 1991-2009

This is the first national report on the epidemiology of stillbirth in Australia. The report makes use of the extensive data about pregnancy and birth that have been collected in all states and territories since 1991. For the period 1991–2009, the stillbirth rate ranged from 6.4–7.8 per 1,000 births.

Medical practitioner workforce

Nursing and midwifery workforce

AIHW Access issue no. 38, 2014

Access is a newsletter published by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, profiling the Institute's work and its people.

Mortality and life expectancy of Indigenous Australians 2008 to 2012

This report provides an overview of current patterns and trends in mortality and life expectancy among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Circulatory diseases were the leading cause of death of Indigenous Australians for the period 2008–2012 (representing 26% of Indigenous deaths), followed by cancer (20%) and injury (15%). There have been significant declines in overall Indigenous mortality rates as well as mortality rates from circulatory diseases and respiratory diseases between 2001 and 2012. However, there has been little improvement in Indigenous mortality from other causes such as cancer and injury over this period.

Estimating the prevalence of osteoporosis in Australia

This report presents information about the prevalence and impact of osteoporosis in Australians aged 50 and over. A broad range of data sources show that osteoporosis prevalence markedly increases with age and is more common in women than in men. Osteoporosis is one of several risk factors for minimal trauma fracture, with minimal trauma fracture of the hip being one of the most serious possible outcomes of osteoporosis. Although the rate of minimal trauma hip fracture for people aged 50 and over has decreased over the last ten years, the number of hip fractures continues to increase due to the increasing number of older adults in Australia.

National Community Services Data Dictionary, version 8, 2014

The National Community Services Data Dictionary (NCSDD) provides national data standards for the community services sector. This latest version (version 8) reflects changes to data standards between July 2012 and end-April 2014. Two data set specifications, 2 data element clusters, 96 data elements, 2 classifications and 8 glossary items have been added to the NCSDD. One national minimum data set, 3 data elements and 2 classifications have been superseded since the previous version of the NCSDD (version 7) was published.

Transition care for older people leaving hospital: 2005-06 to 2012-13

Transition care for older people leaving hospital examines the outcomes for the 87,000 people who received care under the Transition Care Program from 2005–06 to 2012–13. More than three-quarters of care recipients improved their level of functioning. Two-thirds of care recipients living in the community had not entered aged care 12 months after finishing their first episode of care under the program; and more than half did not enter residential aged care at all over the life of the program to June 2013.

Youth justice orders and supervision periods: 2012-13

This fact sheet summarises information on the number of supervised orders administered by state and territory youth justice agencies, and the periods of supervision experienced by young people in 2012-13. To some extent, differences between states and territories in the numbers and types of legal orders can reflect differences in legislation and legal and administrative practices.

Time under youth justice supervision: 2012-13

This fact sheet is about how long young people spent under youth justice supervision in 2012–13.

Long-term trends in youth justice supervision: 2012-13

This fact sheet summarises the long-term trends in rates of young people under supervision. It includes 7-year national trends and up to 13-year trends for individual states and territories.

Types of community-based supervision: 2012-13

This fact sheet outlines the types of community-based supervision that young people experienced in 2012-13.Young people may be supervised in the community under one or more types of orders, including:unsentenced orders-such as supervised or conditional bail (while awaiting the outcome of a court matter or sentencing)sentenced orders-such as probation and similar orders, suspended detention, and parole or supervised release (after being proven guilty in a court).Young people may be supervised under multiple orders of different types at the same time, and community-based orders may be interrupted by time spent in detention.

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