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Mortality inequalities in Australia 2009–2011
Despite relatively high standards of health and health care in Australia, not all Australians fare equally well in terms of their health and longevity. Substantial mortality inequalities exist in the Australian population, in terms of overall mortality, and for most leading causes of death, and these inequalities are long-standing.
Maternal deaths in Australia 2006-2010
Maternal deaths in Australia 2006–10 is the 15th report on women who die during pregnancy and childbirth. Although maternal deaths are rare in Australia, they are catastrophic events when they do occur and require monitoring and investigation. The report includes information about the women, pregnancy, and cause of death as well as good practice guidance points for clinicians to inform practice improvement.
Oral health and dental care in Australia: key facts and figures trends 2014
This report is the latest in the Oral health and dental care in Australia: Key facts and figures suite of printed publications and web products. It highlights the key trends, which suggest there have been improvements over the long term but there is some cause for concern in recent years. In adults, there was a decrease in the average number of teeth affected by decay from nearly 15 in 1987–88 to around 13 in 2004–06. From 1994 to 2010, however, the proportion reporting any adverse oral health impact generally increased and ranged from 31.4% in 1994 to a peak of 39.9% in 2008.
Health-care expenditure on arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions 2008-09
Arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions are substantial contributors to health-care expenditure in Australia. In 2008–09, estimated health-care expenditure allocated to these conditions totalled $5,690 million– the 4th most expensive disease group, accounting for 8.7% of total health-care expenditure allocated to disease groups.This report is the latest in a series on arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions expenditure. The key objectives of this report are to describe the distribution of health-care expenditure by health-care sector for the major musculoskeletal conditions: osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, back problems and osteoporosis.
Prisoner health services in Australia 2012
This bulletin provides an overview of health services in Australian prisons. It draws on data available from the 2012 National Prisoner Health Data Collection, supplemented by contextual information provided by state/territory departments responsible for prisoner health, to bring together a more comprehensive picture of services delivered to prisoners than has previously been available. The governance of health care in prisons in Australia is complex, with diverse services delivered, including some outside the prison.
Mortality from asthma and COPD in Australia
Asthma death rates in Australia are high compared with many other countries and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of deaths in Australia and internationally. This report provides current information about mortality due to these conditions in Australia, examining trends over time, seasonal variation, international comparison and variation by age, sex, remoteness, Indigenous status, country of birth and socioeconomic disadvantage.
Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2012-13
Over 700 agencies provided over 160,000 treatment episodes for alcohol and other drug issues to an estimated 108,000 clients in Australia in 2012–13. Most episodes were for clients receiving treatment for their own drug use, and these clients tended to be male and in their 20s and 30s. Alcohol was the most common principal drug of concern, accounting for almost half of these closed episodes, and counselling was the most common type of treatment.
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health organisations: Online Services Report—key results 2012-13
This is the fifth national report on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health organisations, funded by the Australian Government, Department of Health. In 2012–13:- primary health-care organisations served around 417,000 clients in around 4.1 million contacts- 186 counsellors in social and emotional wellbeing or Link Up counselling organisations provided 89,100 contacts to 17,700 clients; two-thirds of these counsellors were Indigenous- substance-use rehabilitation and treatment services were provided to around 50,000 clients through more than 300,000 episodes of care.
Patterns in use of aged care: 2002-03 to 2010-11
While permanent care in a residential care facility remains a key service for many older Australians, in recent years greater emphasis has been placed on the provision of home-based support. This report examines how this shift has affected the way that people use aged care programs, and investigates the initial take-up of care. The analysis shows that use of aged care programs before entering permanent residential care is increasing, as is the use of any aged care services in a person’s last year of life.
Determinants of wellbeing for Indigenous Australians
Determinants of wellbeing for Indigenous Australians examines the wellbeing of Indigenous Australians and factors that may contribute to this. The focus is on subjective wellbeing but a number of objective measures of wellbeing are also considered. Compared with non-Indigenous Australians, Indigenous people tended to report lower levels of emotional wellbeing but they were more likely to say that they were satisfied with life.
Birthweight of babies born to Indigenous mothers
Birthweight of babies born to Indigenous mothers provides an overview of the birthweight of babies born to Indigenous mothers, including recent trends and information on factors associated with birthweight variation. According to data from the National Perinatal Data Collection, 3.9% of all births in 2011 were to Indigenous mothers. Excluding multiple births, 11.2% of liveborn singleton babies born to Indigenous mothers were of low birthweight—2.5 times the rate for non-Indigenous mothers (4.6%). Between 2000 and 2011, there was a statistically significant decline in the low birthweight rate among Indigenous mothers, and the gap in birthweight between babies born to Indigenous and non-Indigenous mothers declined significantly over this period.
Pathways through youth justice supervision
Pathways through youth justice supervision explores the types of youth justice supervision experienced by particular cohorts of young people based on data available from the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set (JJ NMDS) from 2000–01 to 2012–13. The report found that the top 10 pathways accounted for nearly three quarters (71%) of young people who experienced supervision. It also found that young males, young Indigenous people, those aged 10–14 at first supervision and those experiencing sentenced detention at some point were more likely than their counterparts to have more complex and varied pathways through supervision.
Child protection Australia 2012-13
Child protection Australia 2012–13 represents a significant milestone in national child protection reporting as it is the first time that unit record level data have been available for analysis and reporting. This report shows that:- there were 135,000 children, a rate of 26.1 per 1,000 children, receiving child protection services (investigation; care and protection order; and/or placed in out-of-home care).- more than half (56%) of these children were subject only to an investigation (that is, they were not subsequently placed on an order or in out-of-home care) while 8% were involved in all three components of the system.- in 2012–13, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were 8 times as likely as non-Indigenous children to be receiving child protection services.
Cultural and linguistic diversity measures in aged care
Accurate and consistent identification of those from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds, along with their service needs, is important to achieving the objectives of the National Ageing and Aged Care Strategy for People from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) Backgrounds. This paper presents findings from an evaluation of CALD measures identified in 43 data sets and assessment instruments, and recommendations for implementing the ‘top-10’measures in aged care data sets.
Towards a performance measurement framework for equity in higher education
This report provides an overview of the development of a potential performance measurement framework for equity in higher education (MFE) to measure progress and gaps in access to and participation in higher education for under-represented groups (Indigenous Australians, those from low socioeconomic status areas, people who live in regional and remote areas, and people with disability). Detailed information is presented on a set of 61 possible indicators organised into 3 tiers: 23 for educational attainment and outcomes (Tier 1), 9 for precursors of higher educational attainment (Tier 2), and 29 for education system performance (Tier 3).
Housing assistance for Indigenous Australians
This paper provides information on support provided to Indigenous households through a range of housing assistance programs. The data suggest that Indigenous households were 6 times as likely as other Australian households to live in social housing, with an estimated 31% of Indigenous households living in such housing in 2013. Overall, Indigenous households were more than twice as likely as other households to receive assistance from at least one of the major housing assistance programs.
Housing circumstances of Indigenous households: tenure and overcrowding
The housing circumstances of Indigenous Australians are described in this paper using Census data. The topics of housing tenure and overcrowding are covered, with trends considered, as well as differences according to factors such as remoteness, jurisdiction and socioeconomic status. In 2011, Indigenous households were about half as likely as other Australian households to own their home and more than 3 times as likely to be overcrowded.
Homelessness among Indigenous Australians
Homelessness among Indigenous Australians presents information on the prevalence of homelessness among Indigenous Australians, the characteristics of Indigenous people who are homeless, and the use of specialist homelessness services by Indigenous people who are homeless or at risk of homelessness. On Census night in 2011, there were an estimated 26,743 Indigenous people experiencing homelessness, comprising 28% of the total homeless population. Three-quarters of homeless Indigenous people were living in severely crowded dwellings. In 2012–13, about 1 in 5 clients of specialist homelessness services were Indigenous—an estimated 54,885 clients.
Australia's medical indemnity claims 2012-13
This report presents data on the number, nature and costs of public sector and private sector medical indemnity claims for 2012–13 in the context of claims data from the previous 4 years. In 2012–13, the number of new public sector claims was about 950 (less than any of the previous 4 years) and the number of new private sector claims about 3,300 (similar to the previous 2 years). The number of closed public sector claims was about 1,500 (slightly higher than any of the previous 4 years) while the number of private sector claims closed each year rose continually from about 2,400 in 2008–09 to 3,800 in 2012–13.
Indigenous child safety
Indigenous children are over represented in areas where child safety and security are compromised. This report shows that Indigenous children aged 0–17 have higher rates of hospitalisations and deaths due to injury than non Indigenous children; are more likely to be victims of child abuse, neglect and sexual assault; and are over represented in homelessness and youth justice statistics.
Access to primary health care relative to need for Indigenous Australians
This paper describes the development, and presents the results, of an area-based index that measures access to General Practitioners relative to the need for primary health care for both the Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations of Australia. The Access Relative to Need index is able to explain more of the variation in health outcomes than measures of access to GPs alone. Indigenous people experience a general pattern of worsening access to GPs relative to need with increasing remoteness. A less dramatic decrease by remoteness is noted in the non-Indigenous population.
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