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Health expenditure Australia 2012–13: analysis by sector

This report extends the analysis presented in Health expenditure Australia 2012–13 to further explore expenditure on particular categories of health goods and services. In 2012–13, $55.9 billion was spent on hospitals in Australia, $52.9 billion on primary health care and $29.9 billion on other areas of health spending. A further $8.6 billion was spent on capital expenditure. All funders increased their expenditure on hospitals between 2002–03 and 2012–13; however, growth in state and territory government funding ($10.6 billion) was almost double that of the Australian Government ($5.4 billion). Primary health care spending is shared relatively evenly between Australian Government (about 43.0%) and non-government sources (about 41.0%), with the states and territories playing a relatively small role, over the same period.

Cancer in Australia: an overview 2014

Cancer in Australia: an overview 2014 presents the latest available information on national population screening programs, cancer incidence, hospitalisations, survival, prevalence and mortality. It is estimated that the most commonly diagnosed cancers in 2014 will be prostate cancer, colorectal cancer and breast cancer (excluding basal and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, as these cancers are not notifiable diseases in Australia). For all cancers combined, the incidence rate is expected to increase by 22% from 1982 to 2014, but the mortality rate is estimated to decrease by 20%. Cancer survival has improved over time. Cancer outcomes differ by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status and remoteness area.

Cancer in Australia: in brief 2014

Cancer in Australia: in brief 2014 presents key points and trends from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare’s latest biennial report about cancer in Australia, Cancer in Australia: an overview, 2014.

Australia's mothers and babies 2012

In 2012, 307,474 women gave birth to 312,153 babies in Australia. This was an increase of 10,343 births (3.4%) from that reported in 2011, and a total increase of 21.5% since 2003. Nationally, the proportion of teenage mothers (younger than 20) declined from 3.7% in 2011 to 3.6% in 2011, compared with 4.6% in 2003.

Specialist homelessness services 2013–14

This is the third annual report of the Specialist Homelessness Services Collection. Over the past three years, agencies have supported more than half a million Australians who were homeless or at risk of homelessness. In 2013-14, specialist homelessness services assisted around 254,000 clients, a 4% increase from the previous year. The report describes the clients that have received specialist homelessness support, the assistance they sought and were provided, and the outcomes achieved for those clients. For the first time, data about clients with a disability are included in the report.

New Directions: Mothers and Babies Services: assessment of the program using nKPI data - December 2012 to December 2013

This report uses the maternal and child health measures in the national Key Performance Indicators on Indigenous primary health care to provide insights into the New Directions Mothers and Babies Services programme. The analyses found that there was an improvement in 7 out of 8 of these measures in organisations receiving New Directions funding.

National Key Performance Indicators for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary health care: results from December 2013

This is the second national report on the national Key Performance Indicators (nKPIs) data collection. It captures data from over 200 primary health care organisations that receive funding from the Australian Government Department of Health to provide services primarily to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It presents data for 19 ‘process of care’ and ‘health outcomes’ indicators which focus on the prevention and management of chronic disease and maternal and child health. The report shows improvements against most of the ‘process of care’ indicators.

Adoptions Australia 2013-14

Adoptions Australia 2013–14, the 24th report in the series, presents the latest data on adoptions of Australian children and children from overseas, and highlights important trends in the number of adoptions back to 1989–90. Data cover characteristics of adopted children, their parents and adoptive families, as well as applications and vetoes for contact and information exchange, and intercountry adoption processing times.During 2013–14, 317 adoptions were finalised across Australia. Among these adoptions: 64% were children from Australia and 36% were from overseas28% were by carers, such as foster parents32% of adoptees came from Asia45% of adoptees were aged under 5.

Analysis of bowel cancer outcomes for the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program

This report presents a comparison of the mortality outcomes and cancer characteristics for two populations: those invited to screen in the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP) in 2006–2008, and those of a similar age who had not been invited to screen in that time period. Of the 2006–2008 bowel cancer diagnoses in these two groups, non-invitees were found to have a 15% higher risk of dying from bowel cancer than NBCSP invitees, and bowel cancers diagnosed in non-invitees were more likely to be at a more-advanced stage. These outcomes demonstrate that the NBCSP is contributing to reducing morbidity and mortality from bowel cancer in Australia. The report findings also suggest that the screening test has a high degree of accuracy.

Suicide and hospitalised self-harm in Australia: trends and analysis

This report describes suicide and hospitalised self-harm in Australia.Suicide occurring in 2010–11 is described statistically, and trends are shown for the period from the early 1920s. Patterns of suicide over time were also examined for selected birth cohorts.Hospitalised intentional self-harm in 2010–11 is also described, and trends are examined for the period from 1999–00. Both suicide and hospitalised intentional self-harm are analysed by mechanism of injury, sex, age group, Indigenous status and other factors.

Stronger Futures in the Northern Territory: oral health services July 2012-December 2013

The report presents data on the Stronger Futures in the Northern Territory Oral Health Program. From July 2012 to December 2013 approximately 3,700 Indigenous children received full-mouth fluoride varnish applications; 2,100 received fissure sealants; and 4,700 were provided with clinical services. Forty one percent of children had untreated caries; the mean dmft score for children aged 6 was 5.3, and the mean DMFT score for 12 year olds was 2.1. Between 2009 and 2013 the proportion of children with caries experience decreased in most age groups, in particular for 1–3 year olds, where the proportion dropped from 73% to 56%.

Youth detention population in Australia 2014

This report presents information on the youth detention population in Australia, focusing on quarterly trends from June 2010 to June 2014. On an average night, close to 1,000 young people were in detention, about half of whom were unsentenced. Nationally, numbers and rates of young people in detention remained relatively stable over the 4 years; but trends varied among states and territories. About half of all young people in detention on an average night were Indigenous.

National Drug Strategy Household Survey detailed report: 2013

This 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey report shows that: fewer Australians are smoking daily and are smoking less cigarettesfewer people are exceeding the lifetime risk and single occasion risk guidelines for alcohol useoverall illicit drug use has remained stable but some drugs have declined and some have increasedalcohol continues to be the drug of most concern to the community but an increasing number of people are concerned about meth/amphetamines.

Healthy life expectancy in Australia: patterns and trends 1998 to 2012

Between 1998 and 2012, life expectancy at birth has risen by 4 years for boys and nearly 3 years for girls. And because disability prevalence rates have been falling over this period, the gain in disability-free life expectancy has been even greater for boys (4.4 years, compared with 2.4 years for girls). Older Australians have also seen increases in the expected number of healthy years, but this has been accompanied by more years needing assistance with everyday activities. Over this period, the gender gap in life expectancy narrowed across all ages, and the gap in the expected years living free of disability also reduced across most ages.

Developing the National Early Childhood Development Researchable Data Set

This information paper outlines the processes undertaken towards establishing the National Early Childhood Development Researchable Data Set. This data set aims to link health and education data, using both jurisdictional and national data sources, which would provide a valuable resource to researchers and policy-makers. The paper documents the privacy, legislative and data custodianship and supply hurdles encountered during the initial stages of establishing this data set. The paper concludes with a pragmatic approach for the next steps and way forward.

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease: Australian facts: prevalence and incidence

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease—Australian facts is a series of 5 reports by the National Centre for Monitoring Vascular Diseases at the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare that describe the combined burden of cardiovascular disease (including coronary heart disease and stroke), diabetes and chronic kidney disease.This report on prevalence and incidence provides a comprehensive summary of the latest available data on the prevalence and incidence in the Australian population of these three chronic vascular diseases, acting alone or together. It examines age and sex characteristics and variations across population groups, by geographical location, and by socioeconomic disadvantage.

National core maternity indicators—stage 2 report: 2007–2011

This report on stage 2 of the national core maternity indicators project describes the development of 8 indicators, including scoping and assessment of existing data items for reporting. Of the 8 indicators proposed, 3 will be added to the existing set of 10 national core maternity indicators, 2 existing and 1 additional indicator will undergo further development and 3 will not undergo further development at this time.

Mental health services—in brief 2014

Mental health services—in brief 2014 provides an overview of data about the national response of the health and welfare system to the mental health care needs of Australians. It is designed to accompany the more comprehensive data on Australia’s mental health services available online at www.mhsa.aihw.gov.au.

Hospitalised injury in children and young people 2011-12

The aim of this report is to provide information about serious hospitalised injury in Australian children and young people aged 0 to 24 years. The report takes a developmental stage approach to examining injury acknowledging that age and injury are more closely linked at some periods of life (for example, early childhood and young adulthood).

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: strategies to address information gaps

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is emerging as a public health issue in Australia. Health-care providers and policy makers need accurate and timely data in a useable format to monitor and prevent FASD.This bulletin identifies ways to facilitate the collection and reporting of FASD-related information in Australia. The quality of information available in existing data collections is variable and incomplete for ascertaining cases of FASD. Regular surveillance and monitoring have been identified as priorities for determining incidence and prevalence.

National cervical cancer prevention data dictionary version 1: working paper

The National Cervical Screening Program aims to reduce incidence, morbidity and mortality from cervical cancer in Australia. The National cervical cancer prevention data dictionary is an assemblage of data elements used by the National Cervical Screening Program, developed by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare in partnership with state and territory and Commonwealth components of the National Cervical Screening Program to support its aim of achieving national consistency in data reporting through promoting standardisation and comparability of data across the jurisdictions.

Australian sports injury hospitalisations 2011-12

During 2011-12, over 36,000 people aged 15 and over were hospitalised as the result of an injury sustained while playing sport. This represented 8% of all injury hospitalisations during that year. Around two thirds of those admitted to hospital were aged under 35 and over three quarters were men.

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