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Healthy life expectancy in Australia: patterns and trends 1998 to 2012

Between 1998 and 2012, life expectancy at birth has risen by 4 years for boys and nearly 3 years for girls. And because disability prevalence rates have been falling over this period, the gain in disability-free life expectancy has been even greater for boys (4.4 years, compared with 2.4 years for girls). Older Australians have also seen increases in the expected number of healthy years, but this has been accompanied by more years needing assistance with everyday activities. Over this period, the gender gap in life expectancy narrowed across all ages, and the gap in the expected years living free of disability also reduced across most ages.

Developing the National Early Childhood Development Researchable Data Set

This information paper outlines the processes undertaken towards establishing the National Early Childhood Development Researchable Data Set. This data set aims to link health and education data, using both jurisdictional and national data sources, which would provide a valuable resource to researchers and policy-makers. The paper documents the privacy, legislative and data custodianship and supply hurdles encountered during the initial stages of establishing this data set. The paper concludes with a pragmatic approach for the next steps and way forward.

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease: Australian facts: prevalence and incidence

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease—Australian facts is a series of 5 reports by the National Centre for Monitoring Vascular Diseases at the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare that describe the combined burden of cardiovascular disease (including coronary heart disease and stroke), diabetes and chronic kidney disease.This report on prevalence and incidence provides a comprehensive summary of the latest available data on the prevalence and incidence in the Australian population of these three chronic vascular diseases, acting alone or together. It examines age and sex characteristics and variations across population groups, by geographical location, and by socioeconomic disadvantage.

National core maternity indicators—stage 2 report: 2007–2011

This report on stage 2 of the national core maternity indicators project describes the development of 8 indicators, including scoping and assessment of existing data items for reporting. Of the 8 indicators proposed, 3 will be added to the existing set of 10 national core maternity indicators, 2 existing and 1 additional indicator will undergo further development and 3 will not undergo further development at this time.

Mental health services—in brief 2014

Mental health services—in brief 2014 provides an overview of data about the national response of the health and welfare system to the mental health care needs of Australians. It is designed to accompany the more comprehensive data on Australia’s mental health services available online at www.mhsa.aihw.gov.au.

Hospitalised injury in children and young people 2011-12

The aim of this report is to provide information about serious hospitalised injury in Australian children and young people aged 0 to 24 years. The report takes a developmental stage approach to examining injury acknowledging that age and injury are more closely linked at some periods of life (for example, early childhood and young adulthood).

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: strategies to address information gaps

Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is emerging as a public health issue in Australia. Health-care providers and policy makers need accurate and timely data in a useable format to monitor and prevent FASD.This bulletin identifies ways to facilitate the collection and reporting of FASD-related information in Australia. The quality of information available in existing data collections is variable and incomplete for ascertaining cases of FASD. Regular surveillance and monitoring have been identified as priorities for determining incidence and prevalence.

National cervical cancer prevention data dictionary version 1: working paper

The National Cervical Screening Program aims to reduce incidence, morbidity and mortality from cervical cancer in Australia. The National cervical cancer prevention data dictionary is an assemblage of data elements used by the National Cervical Screening Program, developed by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare in partnership with state and territory and Commonwealth components of the National Cervical Screening Program to support its aim of achieving national consistency in data reporting through promoting standardisation and comparability of data across the jurisdictions.

Australian sports injury hospitalisations 2011-12

During 2011-12, over 36,000 people aged 15 and over were hospitalised as the result of an injury sustained while playing sport. This represented 8% of all injury hospitalisations during that year. Around two thirds of those admitted to hospital were aged under 35 and over three quarters were men.

AIHW annual report 2013-14

online version of AIHW annual report 2013-14

Annual report 2013-14

This Australian Institute of Health and Welfare annual report 2013–14 highlights significant achievements during the year that help to provide Australians with quality, nationally-consistent health and welfare information. It reviews our activities in the 2013–14 financial year, enabling Australians to assess our efficiency, effectiveness and economy.Our activities are guided by legislative and government requirements, as well as our work plan and contractual obligations. Our performance in the 2013-14 year is described with reference to these requirements and plans.The report complies with the requirements of the Commonwealth Authorities and Companies Act 1997.

Health indicators for Remote Service Delivery communities: a summary report

This report provides information on antenatal care, live births, low birthweight babies, hospitalisations (all and selected causes), disability, mortality, child protection, juvenile justice, alcohol and other drug use and aged care for 29 remote Indigenous communities. Where possible, data are presented at the jurisdictional and national level, and time series data provided for comparison. This information was compiled to inform an evaluation of the National Partnership Agreement on Remote Service Delivery (NPA RSD), conducted in 2013.

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease: Australian facts mortality

Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease—Australian facts is a series of 5 reports by the National Centre for Monitoring Vascular Diseases at the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare that describe the combined burden of cardiovascular disease (including coronary heart disease and stroke), diabetes and chronic kidney disease. This report on Mortality presents up-to-date statistics as well as trends on deaths from these chronic diseases. It examines age and sex characteristics, and variations across population groups, including among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, by geographical location, and by socioeconomic disadvantage.

Australian Cancer Database: current status and a vision for the future

This report presents the ‘current state’ of the Australian Cancer Database (ACD), and identifies and presents approaches for the continued development and enhancement of the database towards the defined ‘goal state’. To ensure that the ACD continues to supply national, responsive, policy-relevant cancer incidence, prevalence, survival and mortality data, the AIHW, with the support and cooperation of state and territory cancer registries, examined all governance arrangements and end-to-end data processes that affect the quality and currency of the ACD. The goal state for the collection is defined, specific points of influence identified, and potential next steps towards achieving the goal state are presented as points for consideration and discussion among ACD stakeholders and contributors.

Australian hospital statistics 2013–14: emergency department care

In 2013–14:- there were almost 7.2 million presentations to public hospital emergency departments- 75% of patients received treatment within an appropriate time for their urgency (triage) category- 73% of patients spent 4 hours or less in the emergency department- 2 million patients were admitted to the hospital from the emergency department, and 45% of these were admitted within 4 hours.

Australian hospital statistics 2013–14: elective surgery waiting times

In 2013-14:about 700,000 patients were admitted to Australian public hospitals from elective surgery waiting lists;50% of patients were admitted for their surgery within 36 days of being placed on the waiting list and 90% were admitted within 262 days.

Assessment of the Australian Rheumatology Association Database for national population health monitoring: working paper

This working paper uses the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare’s recently developed assessment framework to assess the suitability of the Australian Rheumatology Association Database as a potential new data source for population health monitoring of inflammatory arthritis.

An AIHW framework for assessing data sources for population health monitoring: working paper

When identifying potential data sources for population health monitoring, it is important to ensure they are 'fit-for-purpose'. This working paper outlines the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare’s 3-step process used to assess potential data sources for population health monitoring purposes.

Assessment of the coding of ESKD in deaths and hospitalisation data: a working paper

Monitoring the impact of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is important in planning for future health needs of the population. This working paper uses linked data from Western Australia and New South Wales to assess the likelihood that a patient who is hospitalised with ESKD will have ESKD recorded on their death record, in order to establish whether mortality records in Australia reflect the actual disease pattern of people with ESKD.The study confirms that the ESKD codes used in the mortality data to estimate ESKD incidence are likely to underestimate the impact of ESKD—there is a high proportion of patients who are hospitalised with ESKD who do not have ESKD recorded on their death certificates.

Housing assistance in Australia 2014

This report presents information on trends and issues in housing policy, housing affordability and housing assistance provided to populations with special needs. As housing and rental affordability declines, the need for housing assistance continues to increase, with 1.3 million recipients of Commonwealth Rental Assistance and over 400,000 households living in social housing. Of those households who were recently provided assistance through social housing, the majority were identified as either homeless or at risk of homelessness.

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