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Cultural and linguistic diversity measures in aged care

Accurate and consistent identification of those from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds, along with their service needs, is important to achieving the objectives of the National Ageing and Aged Care Strategy for People from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) Backgrounds. This paper presents findings from an evaluation of CALD measures identified in 43 data sets and assessment instruments, and recommendations for implementing the ‘top-10’measures in aged care data sets.

Towards a performance measurement framework for equity in higher education

This report provides an overview of  the development of a potential performance measurement framework for equity in higher education (MFE) to measure progress and gaps in access to and participation in higher education for under-represented groups (Indigenous Australians, those from low socioeconomic status areas, people who live in regional and remote areas, and people with disability). Detailed information is presented on a set of 61 possible indicators organised into 3 tiers: 23 for educational attainment and outcomes (Tier 1), 9 for precursors of higher educational attainment (Tier 2), and 29 for education system performance (Tier 3).

Housing assistance for Indigenous Australians

This paper provides information on support provided to Indigenous households through a range of housing assistance programs. The data suggest that Indigenous households were 6 times as likely as other Australian households to live in social housing, with an estimated 31% of Indigenous households living in such housing in 2013. Overall, Indigenous households were more than twice as likely as other households to receive assistance from at least one of the major housing assistance programs.

Housing circumstances of Indigenous households: tenure and overcrowding

The housing circumstances of Indigenous Australians are described in this paper using Census data. The topics of housing tenure and overcrowding are covered, with trends considered, as well as differences according to factors such as remoteness, jurisdiction and socioeconomic status. In 2011, Indigenous households were about half as likely as other Australian households to own their home and more than 3 times as likely to be overcrowded.

Homelessness among Indigenous Australians

Homelessness among Indigenous Australians presents information on the prevalence of homelessness among Indigenous Australians, the characteristics of Indigenous people who are homeless, and the use of specialist homelessness services by Indigenous people who are homeless or at risk of homelessness. On Census night in 2011, there were an estimated 26,743 Indigenous people experiencing homelessness, comprising 28% of the total homeless population. Three-quarters of homeless Indigenous people were living in severely crowded dwellings. In 2012–13, about 1 in 5 clients of specialist homelessness services were Indigenous—an estimated 54,885 clients.

Australia's medical indemnity claims 2012-13

This report presents data on the number, nature and costs of public sector and private sector medical indemnity claims for 2012–13 in the context of claims data from the previous 4 years.  In 2012–13, the number of new public sector claims was about 950 (less than any of the previous 4 years) and the number of new private sector claims about 3,300 (similar to the previous 2 years). The number of closed public sector claims was about 1,500 (slightly higher than any of the previous 4 years) while the number of private sector claims closed each year rose continually from about 2,400 in 2008–09 to 3,800 in 2012–13.

Indigenous child safety

Indigenous children are over represented in areas where child safety and security are compromised. This report shows that Indigenous children aged 0–17 have higher rates of hospitalisations and deaths due to injury than non Indigenous children; are more likely to be victims of child abuse, neglect and sexual assault; and are over represented in homelessness and youth justice statistics.

Access to primary health care relative to need for Indigenous Australians

This paper describes the development, and presents the results, of an area-based index that measures access to General Practitioners relative to the need for primary health care for both the Indigenous and non-Indigenous populations of Australia. The Access Relative to Need index is able to explain more of the variation in health outcomes than measures of access to GPs alone. Indigenous people experience a general pattern of worsening access to GPs relative to need with increasing remoteness. A less dramatic decrease by remoteness is noted in the non-Indigenous population.

Hospitalised injuries in older Australians: 2011-12

This report focuses on the most frequent causes of hospitalisations due to injury sustained by Australians, aged 65 years or older, during the period 1 July 2011 to 30 June 2012. Whilst the vast majority of hospitalisations were due to falls, the report focuses on other injuries (such as unintentional poisoning by medications) and it may be useful for guiding and improving policy aimed at reducing those other injuries and for targeting investment in injury prevention strategies.

Disability support services: services provided under the National Disability Agreement 2012-13

In 2012–13, Australian governments spent $7.2 billion on disability support services under the National Disability Agreement. More than 312,500 people used services during this time. The most common services users were people with intellectual, physical and psychiatric disabilities.

Radiation oncology areas of need: cancer incidence projections 2014-2024

Radiation oncology areas of need: cancer incidence projections 2014–2024 presents cancer incidence projections at the jurisdictional health planning region level for 2014 to 2024. These projections were developed specifically for Australian Government Department of Health planning purposes.

Coronary heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Indigenous Australians

The pattern of coronary heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Indigenous Australians differs to that in non-Indigenous Australians. This paper shows that Indigenous Australians have higher hospitalisation and death rates for these conditions than non-Indigenous Australians, and are more likely to die from these conditions at younger ages. However there are some encouraging trends seen in the Indigenous population, such as declining death rates from coronary heart disease, improved chronic disease management and declining smoking rates.

Australia's health 2014

Australia’s health 2014 is the 14th biennial health report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. This edition combines analytical feature articles on highly topical health issues with short statistical snapshots in the following areas:Understanding health and illnessThe Australian health systemHow healthy are we?Leading types of ill healthHealth behaviours and risksHealth through your lifeIndigenous healthPreventing and treating ill healthIndicators of Australia’s health.

Australia's health 2014—in brief

Australia’s health 2014—in brief presents highlights from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare’s 14th biennial report on the nation’s health.

Australia's health 2014

Online version of Australia's health 2014

Australia's health

online version of Australia's health 2014—in brief

Australia's health 2012

Online version of Australia's health 2012: in brief.

People using both Disability Services and Home and Community Care in 2010-11: technical report

This report describes the linkage process used to identify the extent of joint use of Disability Services and the Home and Community Care program. The methods used to derive analysis variables are also described. Under one-fifth of Disability Service users also used HACC in 2010-11. The analysis of joint program use is presented in the companion report People using both Disability Services and Home and Community Care 2010–11.

People using both Disability Services and Home and Community Care in 2010-11

This report examines the characteristics and service use of people who accessed both Disability Services and Home and Community Care programs. In 2010–11 around 54,800 people were known to have used both programs, and the majority of these people were aged under 65 (89%). The report found that people using both programs required higher, more complex and diverse supports, and relied on a wide range of complementary services from both programs to support their distinct support needs.

National Bowel Cancer Screening Program: monitoring report 2012-2013

This report presents statistics on the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program for Australians invited to take part from July 2012 to June 2013. Just over 320,000 of those invited chose to screen, with about 23,500 found to require further assessment.One out of every 17 assessments detected an advanced adenoma (precancerous lesion), and a bowel cancer was detected in 1 out of every 32 assessments.

Acute coronary syndrome: validation of the method used to monitor incidence in Australia

Monitoring the incidence of acute coronary events is critical to assess the health and economic burden of coronary heart disease. This working paper uses linked data from Western Australia and New South Wales to assess the central assumptions underlying the proxy measure for estimating the incidence of acute coronary events, in the absence of a heart disease register.  This validation study shows that the algorithm may underestimate the incidence of acute coronary events in Australia, but despite this the methodology does provide a reasonable measure of the acute coronary events in Australia.

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