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Cancer in Australia: in brief 2017
Cancer in Australia: in brief 2017 presents key points and trends from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare’s latest biennial report about cancer in Australia, Cancer in Australia 2017.
Cancer in Australia 2017
Cancer in Australia 2017 presents the latest available information on national population screening programs, Medicare data, cancer incidence, hospitalisations, survival, prevalence, mortality and burden of disease. Cancer is the leading cause of disease burden in Australia. For all cancers combined, the incidence rate increased from 383 per 100,000 persons in 1982 to 504 per 100,000 in 2008, before an expected decrease to 470 per 100,000 in 2017. During the same period, the mortality rate decreased from 209 per 100,000 in 1982 to 161 per 100,000 in 2017. Cancer survival has improved over time. It is estimated that the most commonly diagnosed cancers in Australia in 2017 will be breast cancer in females, followed by colorectal cancer and prostate cancer (excluding basal and squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, as these cancers are not notifiable diseases in Australia).
Incidence of suicide among serving and ex-serving Australian Defence Force personnel 2001–2014
There is strong and increasing public interest in, and concern about, the incidence of suicide among serving and ex-serving Australian Defence Force (ADF) personnel. A study undertaken by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare calculates, for the first time, accurate rates of suicide deaths among ex-serving ADF personnel. This fact sheet presents the preliminary results of this analysis for three ADF populations—serving full-time, reserve and discharged personnel—and shows the number of suicide deaths for 2001–2014 and the comparative rate of suicide death for 2002–2014 (for men only, as numbers for women were too low for valid comparison). Further detailed results are anticipated to be released in mid-2017.
Perinatal deaths in Australia 1993–2012
This report presents an analysis of the statistics for stillbirths and neonatal deaths in Australia for the calendar years 2011 and 2012, as well as selected trend information for 1993–2012. The aim of this report is to gain a better understanding of the characteristics and causes of stillbirths and neonatal deaths in Australia at a population level and identify changes in perinatal mortality over time. This report is one of several components of the National Maternity Data Development Project.
Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011—summary report
This summary report presents key findings from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare’s report: Australian Burden of Disease Study: Impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011. It provides estimates of the burden due to different diseases and injuries in Australia and the contribution of various risk factors to this burden. It includes new analyses of the burden attributed to all dietary risk factors included in the study.
National Bowel Cancer Screening Program: monitoring report 2016
This report presents statistics on the National Bowel Cancer Screening Program (NBCSP). This monitoring report is the first to measure the NBCSP using NBCSP key performance indicators. Of those who were invited to participate in the NBCSP between 1 January 2013 and 31 December 2014, 37% undertook screening. For those screened in 2014, 7% had a positive result warranting further assessment. One in 32 participants who underwent a follow-up diagnostic assessment were diagnosed with a confirmed or suspected cancer.
Musculoskeletal conditions as underlying and associated causes of death 2013
Musculoskeletal conditions are responsible for a substantial proportion of the non-fatal burden of disease in Australia. This bulletin describes the contribution of musculoskeletal conditions to mortality. Although musculoskeletal conditions were not among the leading underlying causes of death, this bulletin shows that these conditions were likely to have contributed to about 1 in 20 deaths in Australia in 2013.
Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011
This report analyses the impact of nearly 200 diseases and injuries in terms of living with illness (non-fatal burden) and premature death (fatal burden). The study found that chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, mental and substance use disorders, and musculoskeletal conditions, along with injury contributed the most burden in Australia in 2011. Almost one third of the overall disease burden could be prevented by removing exposure to risk factors such as tobacco use, high body mass, alcohol use, physical inactivity and high blood pressure.
Leading cause of premature mortality in Australia fact sheets
This product (a combination of a web report and fact sheets) focuses on the major causes of premature deaths—both overall, and among certain age groups. It explores current patterns and trends over time for premature deaths. The fact sheets, in particular, explore population-level approaches that target specific causes of premature death which may have contributed to improvements in death rates for some causes. Note that detailed supplementary tables and updated General Record of Incidence of Mortality (GRIM) books also accompany this release—see Source data ().
Acute kidney injury in Australia: a first national snapshot
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is increasing in incidence globally. This report presents the first national statistical snapshot on AKI and its impact in Australia. The key findings show that AKI accounts for a considerable number of hospitalisations and deaths and further, that the burden of this condition is not equally distributed across the Australian population. These inequalities were seen in relation to all population characteristics examined, namely sex and age, remoteness of residence, socioeconomic disadvantage and Indigenous status.
Maternal deaths in Australia 2008–2012
Maternal deaths in Australia 2008–2012 is the 16th report on women who die in association with pregnancy and childbirth. Maternal death review is one of the oldest known forms of clinical care quality assurance. Maternal death in Australia is a rare event in the context of worldwide maternal deaths. In 2008–2012, there were 105 maternal deaths in Australia that occurred within 42 days of the end of pregnancy, representing a maternal mortality ratio (MMR) of 7.1 deaths per 100,000 women who gave birth. All such deaths should be seen as devastating for the woman’s family and community, and should be carefully examined for possible lessons learned that may prevent future similar events.
Trends in injury deaths, Australia: 1999–00 to 2009–10
This report focuses on trends in deaths due to injury and poisoning that occurred over the period 1999–00 to 2009–10 and shows that: The age-standardised rate of injury deaths decreased by an average of 3% per year between 1999–00 and 2004–05 and changed little after that; Rates of injury deaths involving transport injury, drowning, thermal injury, suicide and homicide, tended to decline from 1999–00 to 2007–08, while rates of poisoning deaths involving pharmaceuticals fell sharply to 2001–02 before rising again;Rates for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were 2 to 3 times as high as rates for Other Australians over the period from 1999–00 to 2007–08.
Injury deaths data, Australia: technical report on issues associated with reporting for reference years 1999–2010
This technical report is a companion to the statistical report Trends in injury deaths, Australia 1999–00 to 2009–10 and provides additional information on data sources and methods.When comparing estimates of injury deaths based on Cause of Death Unit Record Files (CODURFs), produced by the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) with other supplementary sources of information for external causes of injury mortality, CODURF based estimates for particular major external causes were consistent with estimates based on supplementary sources for several reference years before 2003 and from 2006 onwards, but differ to a noteworthy extent for several external causes from 2003 to 2006.
Australian Burden of Disease Study: fatal burden of disease in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2010
This is the second report in the Australian Burden of Disease Study series. It provides estimates of fatal burden for 2010 for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population as well as estimates of the gap in fatal burden between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. Injuries and cardiovascular diseases contributed the most fatal burden for Indigenous Australians (22% and 21% respectively), followed by cancer (17%).Subsequent reports in this series will provide estimates of the non-fatal burden and the contribution of various risk factors to disease burden in the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population.
Use of aged care services before death
This bulletin examines people’s use of aged care services in the 8 years before death, using the cohort of 116,481 people who died in 2010–11 aged at least 65. Overall, 80% of these people had used aged care in the 8 years before death, and three-fifths were aged care clients when they died. Just under half of the cohort began using aged care more than 4 years before their death.
Australian Burden of Disease Study: fatal burden of disease 2010
This is the first report in the Australian Burden of Disease Study series. It provides estimates of fatal burden for 2010 showing the contribution of each disease group by age and sex. The three leading disease groups were Cancer (35%), Cardiovascular diseases (23%) and Injuries (13%), and these contributed more than 70% of total fatal burden.
Suicide and hospitalised self-harm in Australia: trends and analysis
This report describes suicide and hospitalised self-harm in Australia.Suicide occurring in 2010–11 is described statistically, and trends are shown for the period from the early 1920s. Patterns of suicide over time were also examined for selected birth cohorts.Hospitalised intentional self-harm in 2010–11 is also described, and trends are examined for the period from 1999–00. Both suicide and hospitalised intentional self-harm are analysed by mechanism of injury, sex, age group, Indigenous status and other factors.
National core maternity indicators—stage 2 report: 2007–2011
This report on stage 2 of the national core maternity indicators project describes the development of 8 indicators, including scoping and assessment of existing data items for reporting. Of the 8 indicators proposed, 3 will be added to the existing set of 10 national core maternity indicators, 2 existing and 1 additional indicator will undergo further development and 3 will not undergo further development at this time.
Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease: Australian facts mortality
Cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease—Australian facts is a series of 5 reports by the National Centre for Monitoring Vascular Diseases at the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare that describe the combined burden of cardiovascular disease (including coronary heart disease and stroke), diabetes and chronic kidney disease. This report on Mortality presents up-to-date statistics as well as trends on deaths from these chronic diseases. It examines age and sex characteristics, and variations across population groups, including among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, by geographical location, and by socioeconomic disadvantage.
Assessment of the coding of ESKD in deaths and hospitalisation data: a working paper
Monitoring the impact of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) is important in planning for future health needs of the population. This working paper uses linked data from Western Australia and New South Wales to assess the likelihood that a patient who is hospitalised with ESKD will have ESKD recorded on their death record, in order to establish whether mortality records in Australia reflect the actual disease pattern of people with ESKD.The study confirms that the ESKD codes used in the mortality data to estimate ESKD incidence are likely to underestimate the impact of ESKD—there is a high proportion of patients who are hospitalised with ESKD who do not have ESKD recorded on their death certificates.
Maternal mortality: data linkage methodology
The report presents a data linkage methodology to ascertain the number of maternal and late maternal deaths in Australia. It is one of several components of the National Maternity Data Development Project and is a companion report to the publication, Foundations for enhanced maternity data collection and reporting in Australia: National Maternity Data Development Project Stage 1.
National perinatal mortality data reporting project: issues paper
This paper presents findings on the issues that need to be considered in order to produce a national perinatal mortality report that is relevant to maternity services. It is one of several components of the National Maternity Data Development Project and is a companion report to the publication Foundations for enhanced maternity data collection and reporting in Australia: National Maternity Data Development Project Stage 1.
Stillbirths in Australia 1991-2009
This is the first national report on the epidemiology of stillbirth in Australia. The report makes use of the extensive data about pregnancy and birth that have been collected in all states and territories since 1991. For the period 1991–2009, the stillbirth rate ranged from 6.4–7.8 per 1,000 births.
Mortality and life expectancy of Indigenous Australians 2008 to 2012
This report provides an overview of current patterns and trends in mortality and life expectancy among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Circulatory diseases were the leading cause of death of Indigenous Australians for the period 2008–2012 (representing 26% of Indigenous deaths), followed by cancer (20%) and injury (15%). There have been significant declines in overall Indigenous mortality rates as well as mortality rates from circulatory diseases and respiratory diseases between 2001 and 2012. However, there has been little improvement in Indigenous mortality from other causes such as cancer and injury over this period.
Mortality inequalities in Australia 2009–2011
Despite relatively high standards of health and health care in Australia, not all Australians fare equally well in terms of their health and longevity. Substantial mortality inequalities exist in the Australian population, in terms of overall mortality, and for most leading causes of death, and these inequalities are long-standing.
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