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Young people in child protection and under youth justice supervision 2014–15

This report presents information on young people aged 10–17 who were both in the child protection system and under youth justice supervision in 2014–15; it demonstrates the insights that can be gained through data linkage. Two (2) in 5 (40.8%) young people in youth justice detention in 2014–15 were also in the child protection system that year. Those who were younger at their first youth justice supervision were more likely to also be in child protection.

Comparisons between Australian and international youth justice systems: 2014–15

This fact sheet examines Australian and international approaches to youth justice.

Comparisons between the youth and adult justice systems: 2014–15

This fact sheet summarises some of the similarities and differences between young people and adults in the justice systems in Australia.

Youth justice supervision history: 2014–15

This fact sheet summarises the supervision histories (all available information on prior youth justice supervision) of young people who were under youth justice supervision during 2014–15.

First entry to youth justice supervision: 2014–15

This fact sheet provides information about the first entry to youth justice supervision among young people who were supervised during 2014–15.

Remoteness, socioeconomic position and youth justice supervision: 2014–15

This fact sheet provides information about the remoteness area and socioeconomic status of young people under supervision during 2014–15, based on their last known address.

Youth detention entries and exits: 2014–15

This fact sheet provides information about the numbers of young people under youth justice supervision who were received into, and/or released from, detention in 2014–15. A reception is when a young person enters detention having not been detained immediately before. Conversely, a release is when a young person leaves detention and is not detained immediately after.

Young people in sentenced detention: 2014–15

This fact sheet provides summary information about young people in sentenced detention in 2014–15. Young people may be sentenced to a period of detention if they are proven guilty in a court. This includes young people who have received orders such as control orders, revocation of parole and youth residential orders.

Young people in unsentenced detention: 2014–15

This fact sheet summarises information about young people in unsentenced detention in Australia in 2014–15. Young people may be in unsentenced detention when they have been charged with an offence and are awaiting the outcome of their court matter, or when they have been found or pleaded guilty and are awaiting sentencing. Young people may be referred to unsentenced detention by either police (pre-court) or a court (known as remand). Police-referred pre-court detention is not available in all states and territories, and most young people in unsentenced detention are on remand.

Types of community-based youth justice supervision: 2014–15

This fact sheet outlines the types of community-based supervision that young people experienced in Australia in 2014–15. Young people may be supervised under one or more of the following types of orders: unsentenced orders (while awaiting the outcome of a court matter or sentencing)—such as supervised or conditional bail; sentenced orders (after being proven guilty in court)—such as probation and similar orders, suspended detention and parole or supervised release. Young people may be supervised under multiple orders of different types at the same time, and parole or supervised release orders may be interrupted by time spent in detention.

Trends in youth justice supervision to 2014–15

This fact sheet summarises the long-term trends in rates of young people under youth justice supervision. It includes 9-year national trends, and trends for individual states and territories for up to 10 years.

Youth justice orders and supervision periods: 2014–15

This fact sheet summarises information on the number of supervised orders administered by state and territory youth justice agencies, and the periods of supervision experienced by young people in 2014–15. To some extent, differences between states and territories in the numbers and types of legal orders can reflect differences in legislation and legal and administrative practices.

Young people returning to sentenced youth justice supervision 2014–15

Most young people who have a supervised sentence serve only 1 sentence and do not return. For those born from 1990–91 to 1996–97, around 62% received only 1 sentence before the age of 18. The younger a person is at the time of first receiving a supervision sentence, the more likely they are to return.Of the young people aged 10–16 in 2013–14 and released from sentenced community-based supervision, around 23% returned to sentenced supervision in 6 months, and 46% returned within 12 months. Of those released from sentenced detention, 50% returned to sentenced supervision within 6 months and 74% returned within 12 months.

Youth justice in Australia 2014–15

There were about 5,600 young people (aged 10 and older) under youth justice supervision in Australia on an average day in 2014–15, due to their involvement, or alleged involvement, in crime. This number has decreased by 23% over the 5 years to 2014–15. Around 4 in 5 (82%) young people under supervision on an average day were male. Most (85%) young people were supervised in the community and the remainder were in detention. Although rates of supervision decreased over the 5-year period for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous young people, the level of Indigenous over-representation increased.

Western Australia: youth justice supervision in 2014–15

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Western Australia in 2014–15, and includes some national comparisons.This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2014–15.

Victoria: youth justice supervision in 2014–15

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Victoria in 2014–15 and includes some national comparisons.This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2014–15.

Tasmania: youth justice supervision in 2014–15

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Tasmania in 2014–15, and includes some national comparisons.This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2014–15.

South Australia: youth justice supervision in 2014–15

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in South Australia in 2014–15, and includes some national comparisons.This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2014–15.

Queensland: youth justice supervision in 2014–15

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Queensland in 2014–15, and includes some national comparisons.This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2014–15.

Australian Capital Territory: youth justice supervision in 2014–15

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in the Australian Capital Territory in 2014–15, and includes some national comparisons.This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2014–15.

New South Wales: youth justice supervision in 2014–15

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in New South Wales in 2014–15, and includes some national comparisons.This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2014–15.

Northern Territory: youth justice supervision in 2014–15

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Northern Territory in 2014–15, and includes some national comparisons.This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2014–15.

Young people in child protection and under youth justice supervision 2013–14

This report presents information on young people aged 10–17 who were involved in the child protection system and under youth justice supervision in 2013–14, and demonstrates the insights that can be gained through data linkage. Nearly half (45%) of young people in youth justice detention were also in the child protection system in the same year. Those who were younger at their first youth justice supervision were more likely to also be in child protection.

Youth detention population in Australia 2015

This bulletin presents information on the youth detention population in Australia, focusing on quarterly trends from June 2011 to June 2015. There were fewer than 900 young people in detention on an average night in the June quarter 2015, just over half (55%) of whom were unsentenced. Numbers and rates of young people in detention dropped slightly over the 4 years, but trends varied among the states and territories. Just over half (54%) of all young people in detention on an average night were Indigenous.

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