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Youth detention population in Australia 2014

This report presents information on the youth detention population in Australia, focusing on quarterly trends from June 2010 to June 2014. On an average night, close to 1,000 young people were in detention, about half of whom were unsentenced. Nationally, numbers and rates of young people in detention remained relatively stable over the 4 years; but trends varied among states and territories. About half of all young people in detention on an average night were Indigenous.

Youth justice orders and supervision periods: 2012-13

This fact sheet summarises information on the number of supervised orders administered by state and territory youth justice agencies, and the periods of supervision experienced by young people in 2012-13. To some extent, differences between states and territories in the numbers and types of legal orders can reflect differences in legislation and legal and administrative practices.

Time under youth justice supervision: 2012-13

This fact sheet is about how long young people spent under youth justice supervision in 2012–13.

Long-term trends in youth justice supervision: 2012-13

This fact sheet summarises the long-term trends in rates of young people under supervision. It includes 7-year national trends and up to 13-year trends for individual states and territories.

Types of community-based supervision: 2012-13

This fact sheet outlines the types of community-based supervision that young people experienced in 2012-13.Young people may be supervised in the community under one or more types of orders, including:unsentenced orders-such as supervised or conditional bail (while awaiting the outcome of a court matter or sentencing)sentenced orders-such as probation and similar orders, suspended detention, and parole or supervised release (after being proven guilty in a court).Young people may be supervised under multiple orders of different types at the same time, and community-based orders may be interrupted by time spent in detention.

Unsentenced detention: 2012-13

This fact sheet summarises information about young people in unsentenced detention during 2012-13.Young people may be in unsentenced detention when they have been charged with an offence and are awaiting the outcome of their court matter, or when they have been found or pleaded guilty and are awaiting sentencing. They may also be sentenced to a period of detention if proven guilty in a court.Young people may be referred to unsentenced detention by either police (pre-court) or a court (known as remand). Police-referred pre-court detention is not available in all states and territories, and most young people in unsentenced detention are on remand.

Sentenced detention: 2012-13

This fact sheet provides information about young people in sentenced detention in 2012-13.Young people may be sentenced to a period of detention if proven guilty in a court. This includes young people who have received orders, such as control orders, revocation of parole and youth residential orders. They may also be in detention when they are unsentenced—that is, when they have been charged with an offence and are awaiting the outcome of their court matter, or when they have been found or pleaded guilty and are awaiting sentencing.

Detention entries and exits: 2012-13

This fact sheet provides information about the numbers of young people under youth justice supervision who were either received into, and/or released from, detention in 2012-13. A reception is when a young person enters detention having not been detained immediately before. Conversely, a release is when a young person leaves detention and is not detained immediately after.

Remoteness area and socioeconomic status: 2012-13

This fact sheet provides information about the remoteness area and socioeconomic status of young people under supervision during 2012-13, based on their last known address.

First entry to supervision: 2012-13

This fact sheet provides information about the first entry to youth justice supervision among young people who were supervised during 2012-13.

Youth justice supervision history: 2012-13

This fact sheet explores the supervision history of the young people who were under youth justice supervision during 2012-13.

Comparisons between the youth and adult justice systems: 2012–13

This fact sheet summarises some of the key similarities and differences between young people and adults in the justice systems in Australia.In all states and territories, young people aged 10 and over can be charged with a criminal offence. Separate justice systems exist for young people and adults, each with specific legislation. In most cases, the upper age limit in the youth justice system is 17 at the time of the offence (16 in Queensland). Some young people aged 18 and over are under youth justice supervision; reasons for this include their age at the time of the offence, continuation of their supervision once they turn 18, and their vulnerability or immaturity.

Comparisons between Australian and international youth justice systems: 2012–13

This fact sheet examines Australian and international approaches to youth justice.

Pathways through youth justice supervision

Pathways through youth justice supervision explores the types of youth justice supervision experienced by particular cohorts of young people based on data available from the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set (JJ NMDS) from 2000–01 to 2012–13. The report found that the top 10 pathways accounted for nearly three quarters (71%) of young people who experienced supervision. It also found that young males, young Indigenous people, those aged 10–14 at first supervision and those experiencing sentenced detention at some point were more likely than their counterparts to have more complex and varied pathways through supervision.

Youth justice in Australia 2012-13

Around 6,300 young people were under youth justice supervision in Australia on an average day in 2012-13, due to their involvement, or alleged involvement, in crime. Of these, over 4 in 5 (5,300 young people) were supervised in the community and the remaining 1,000 were in detention. Young people spent, on average, 26 weeks under supervision during the year.

Australian Capital Territory: youth justice supervision in 2012–13

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in the Australian Capital Territory during 2012-13 and provides some comparisons to the national context. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2012-13.

New South Wales: youth justice supervision in 2012–13

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in New South Wales during 2012-13 and provides some comparisons to the national context. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2012-13.

Queensland: youth justice supervision in 2012–13

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Queensland during 2012-13 and provides some comparisons to the national context. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2012-13.

South Australia: overview of youth justice supervision in 2012–13

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in South Australia during 2012-13 and provides some comparisons to the national context. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2012-13.

Tasmania: youth justice supervision in 2012–13

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Tasmania during 2012-13 and provides some comparisons to the national context. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2012-13.

Victoria: youth justice supervision in 2012–13

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Victoria during 2012-13 and provides some comparisons to the national context. This is one of a series of fact sheets on youth justice supervision in 2012-13.

Youth detention population in Australia 2013

This report presents information on the youth detention population in Australia, focusing on quarterly trends from June 2009 to June 2013. On an average night, there were about 1,000 young people in detention, about half of whom were unsentenced. Numbers and rates of young people in detention remained relatively stable over the 4 years nationally; however, this trend varied between different states and territories. Around half of all young people in detention on an average night were Indigenous.

Using the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set to measure juvenile recidivism

This report reviewed results and recommendations of a project exploring youth recidivism, including to determining whether youth recidivism could be analysed using data from the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set (JJ NMDS). There are substantial benefits in using a longitudinal data collection such as the JJ NMDS, but also some limitations. Preliminary data analysed showed that nationally, over two-fifths (43%) of young people with sentenced supervision in 2010-11 had returned to sentenced supervision within 1 year, while over three-fifths (63%) of those with sentenced supervision in 2009-10 had returned to sentenced supervision within 2 years.

Victoria: overview of youth justice supervision in 2011-12

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in Victoria during 2011-12.

New South Wales: overview of youth justice supervision in 2011-12

This fact sheet focuses on youth justice supervision in New South Wales during 2011-12.

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