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25 years of health expenditure in Australia: 1989–90 to 2013–14
Health expenditure grew from $50.3 billion in 1989–90 to $154.6 billion in 2013–14 in real terms (adjusted for inflation). Over the period, health expenditure grew much faster than inflation, the population and population ageing. Health expenditure increased from 6.5% of gross domestic product in 1989–90 to 9.7% of gross domestic product in 2013–14.
Health expenditure Australia 2013–14: analysis by sector
This report extends the analysis presented in Health expenditure Australia 2013–14 to further explore expenditure on particular categories of health goods and services. In 2013–14, $58.8 billion was spent on hospitals in Australia, $54.7 billion on primary health care and $32.0 billion on other health goods and services. A further $9.1 billion was spent on capital expenditure. Unreferred medical services attracted the highest share of primary health care funding in 2013–14, at 19.3%. This is different to earlier in the decade, when benefit-paid pharmaceuticals attracted the most spending from 2008–09 to 2011–12. Growth in expenditure on benefit-paid pharmaceuticals slowed in the last 3 years compared with the rest of the decade. This slower growth in expenditure was in contrast to a steady increase in the number of prescriptions dispensed over the same period.
Health expenditure Australia 2013–14
Total expenditure on health was estimated at $154.6 billion in 2013–14, up by 3.1% on 2012–13 in real terms. Growth in expenditure per person was $6,639, which was $94 more in real terms than in 2012–13. Despite this relatively slow growth, total expenditure was 9.8% of GDP in 2013–14, up from 9.7% in 2012–13.Governments provided $104.8 billion (or 67.8%) of total health expenditure, which represented about 25% of taxation revenue (unchanged from 2012–13).The non-government sector share of total expenditure increased from 30.0% in 2011–12 to 32.2% in 2013–14, despite generally falling throughout the decade. Funding by individuals was the fastest growing area of non-government sector expenditure over the decade.
Health expenditure Australia 2012–13: analysis by sector
This report extends the analysis presented in Health expenditure Australia 2012–13 to further explore expenditure on particular categories of health goods and services. In 2012–13, $55.9 billion was spent on hospitals in Australia, $52.9 billion on primary health care and $29.9 billion on other areas of health spending. A further $8.6 billion was spent on capital expenditure. All funders increased their expenditure on hospitals between 2002–03 and 2012–13; however, growth in state and territory government funding ($10.6 billion) was almost double that of the Australian Government ($5.4 billion). Primary health care spending is shared relatively evenly between Australian Government (about 43.0%) and non-government sources (about 41.0%), with the states and territories playing a relatively small role, over the same period.
Health expenditure Australia 2012-13
Expenditure on health in Australia was estimated to be $147.4 billion in 2012–13, 1.5% higher than in 2011–12 and the lowest growth since the mid 1980’s. In 2012–13, governments provided $100.8 billion (or 68.3%) of total health expenditure. Government funding of health expenditure fell in real terms for the first time in the decade by 0.9%, largely a result of a decline in Australian Government funding of 2.4%. State and territory government funding was also relatively low, growing just 1.4% in real terms in 2012–13. In contrast, growth in non-government funding was relatively strong at 7.2%.
Health expenditure Australia 2011-12: analysis by sector
This report extends the analysis presented in Health expenditure Australia 2011-12 to further explore expenditure on particular categories of health goods and services, including hospitals, primary health care, other recurrent health expenditure and capital expenditure. In 2011-12, a total of $132.4 billion was spent on recurrent health expenditure where 40.4% ($53.5 billion) was spent on hospitals, 38.2% ($50.6 billion) was spent on primary health care and the remaining 21.3% ($28.3 billion) was spent on other areas of health spending. Capital expenditure accounted for a further $7.9 billion bringing the total expenditure on health goods and services in 2011-12 to $140.2 billion.
Health care expenditure on cardiovascular diseases 2008-09
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) makes a considerable impact on the health of Australians and has the highest level of health-care expenditure of any disease group.Between 2000-01 and 2008-09, health-care expenditure allocated to CVD increased by 48% from $5,207 million to $7,717 million.The health-care sector with the largest increase (55%) was hospital admitted patients.
Health system expenditure on cancer and other neoplasms in Australia 2008-09
Health system expenditure on cancer and other neoplasms in Australia, 2008-09 presents an overview of cancer expenditure focusing on the six cancers with the highest health system expenditure in each of four life stages 0-14, 15-24, 25-64 and 65 years and over. Findings include: Cancer and other neoplasms ranked sixth in terms of estimated health system expenditure on chronic diseases, accounting for 6.9% of total health system expenditure on all chronic diseases. Expenditure on national population screening programs totalled $332 million. From 2000-01 to 2008-09, total health system expenditure on cancer increased by 56% from $2,894 million to $4,526 million.
Health expenditure Australia 2011-12
Expenditure on health in Australia was estimated to be $140.2 billion in 2011-12, up from $82.9 billion in 2001-02. This expenditure was 9.5% of GDP in 2011-12, up from 9.3% in 2010-11 and up from 8.4% in 2001-02. The estimated recurrent expenditure on health was $5,881 per person. Governments funded 69.7% of total health expenditure, a slight increase from 69.1% in 2010-11. The largest components of health spending were public hospital services ($42.0 billion, or 31.8% of recurrent expenditure), followed by medical services ($23.9 billion, or 18.1%) and medications ($18.8 billion, or 14.2%).
Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2010-11: an analysis by remoteness and disease
This report provides a detailed analysis of health expenditure for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians in 2010-11. Estimates are disaggregated at the regional level, as well as for specific disease and injury groups. For selected services, expenditure increased with remoteness for both Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. The disease groups that accounted for the highest proportion of admitted patient expenditure for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were genitourinary diseases ($195 million or 11% of Indigenous admitted patient expenditure), which includes the cost of dialysis treatment.
Diabetes expenditure in Australia 2008-09
Between 2000-01 and 2008-09, health-care expenditure allocated to diabetes increased by 86% from $811 million to $1,507 million.The health-care sector where the largest increase took place was hospital admitted patients for which expenditure more than doubled in this period. Type 2 diabetes accounted for 60% of diabetes expenditure in 2008-09.
Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2010-11
In 2010-11, health expenditure for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people was estimated at $4.6 billion, or 3.7% of Australia's total recurrent health expenditure. The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population comprised 2.5% of the Australian population at this time. Expenditure equated to $7,995 per Indigenous person, which was 1.47 times greater than the $5,437 spent per non-Indigenous Australian in the same year. Governments funded 91.4% of health expenditure for Indigenous people, compared with 68.1% for non-Indigenous people.
Health expenditure Australia 2010-11
Expenditure on health in Australia was estimated to be $130.3 billion in 2010-11, up from $77.5 billion in 2000-01. This expenditure was 9.3% of gross domestic product in 2010-11, down from 9.4% in 2009-10 but up from 8.2% in 2000-01. The estimated recurrent expenditure on health was $5,796 per person, and 69.1% was funded by governments, up from 67.7% in 2000-01. The two largest components of the increase in health expenditure were public hospital services, which grew by $2.2 billion in real terms, followed by medications ($2.1 billion).
Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2008-09: an analysis by remoteness and disease
In 2008-09, health expenditure for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people varied across remoteness areas, service types and disease groupings. The greatest difference in expenditure between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians was in Remote and very remote areas where, for every dollar spent per non-Indigenous Australian, $2.41 was spent per Indigenous Australian. Expenditure on genitourinary diseases, and mental and behavioural disorders, accounted for the highest proportions of admitted patient expenditure for Indigenous Australians (11% and 10% respectively). Additional analysis has been undertaken in the 2008-09 report to include expenditure on potentially preventable hospitalisations.
Health expenditure Australia 2009-10
Health expenditure in Australia in 2009-10 increased to $121.4 billion. As a percentage of GDP it was 9.4% of the GDP, 0.4% higher than in 2008-09. Public hospital services accounted for under one-third (31%) of the total increase in 2009-10, while medications accounted for over one-fifth (21%) of the total growth. 2009-10 marks the first year of the transition to the National Health Care Agreement, a new health care funding arrangement between the Australian government and state and territory governments.
Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2008-09
In 2008-09, total health expenditure for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people was estimated at $3,700 million. The average health expenditure per person for Indigenous Australians was $6,787, compared with $4,876 for each non-Indigenous Australian. Correspondingly, the Indigenous to non-Indigenous per person health expenditure ratio was 1.39. This report, the sixth in the series, again shows that Indigenous Australians are more likely than non-Indigenous Australians to rely on public hospital services. In 2008-09, per person expenditure on public hospital services for Indigenous Australians was more than double that for non-Indigenous Australians - an expenditure ratio of 2.25.
Public health expenditure in Australia, 2008-09
Since the first public health expenditure report in 1999-00, expenditure on public health activities by health departments has grown, in real terms, by 88%. Total expenditure on public health activities in Australia in 2008–09 was $2,300.2 million. This was an increase of $120.5 million, or 5.5%, on what was spent in 2007–08, raising the 2008–09 per person expenditure to $106. After adjusting for the effects of inflation, there was a real increase in per person expenditure of 2.2% from 2007–08 to 2008–09, continuing the growth in total public health expenditure which has averaged 7.3% per year since 1999–00.
Australian health expenditure by remoteness: a comparison of remote, regional and city health expenditure
The report looks at selected health services for the financial years 2001-02, 2004-05 and 2006-07 and examines the way these services were delivered across Australia. This analysis was performed using the Australian Standard Geographical Classification System to compare the expenditure and usage rates of the health services by residents of Major cities, Inner regional, Outer regional, Remote and Very remote areas of Australia.
Health expenditure Australia 2008-09
Health expenditure in Australia in 2008-09 reached $112.8 billion, an increase of $9.2 billion since 2007-08. The area of health expenditure with the largest increase was public hospital services, which accounted for over one-quarter of the total increase in 2008-09. 'Health expenditure Australia 2008-09' examines expenditure on different types of health goods and services in the decade to 2008-09. The report: describes funding by the Australian Government and state governments, private health insurance and individuals; compares health expenditures in the different states and territories; compares Australia's spending with other countries'.
Health system expenditure on disease and injury in Australia, 2004-05
Health system expenditure on disease and injury in Australia, 2004-05 provides a systematic analysis of health system expenditures associated with specific disease and injury groups in Australia in 2004-05. Expenditure on cardiovascular disease is compared with expenditure on cancer, injuries, nervous system disorders and other diseases. Health expenditure for each age group ranges from $2,223 per year for girls/boys aged 5 to 14 years to $8,030 per year for women/men aged 75 to 84 years. This report also discusses the changes in expenditure by disease between 2000-01 and 2004-05.
Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2006-07
Expenditure on health and high care residential aged care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people amounted to $2,976 million in 2006-07, or 3.1% of national expenditure on health and high care residential aged care. In 2006-07, the average expenditure per person on health and high care residential aged care was $5,696 for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. For non-Indigenous people, the average expenditure per person was $4,557. The ratio of Indigenous to non-Indigenous expenditure per person was 1.25. For the Australian Government schemes of Medicare and the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS), total benefits paid per Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander person were 59% of the amount spent on non-Indigenous people. Expenditure on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2006-07 provides policy makers and program managers with detailed information for further analysis.
Health expenditure Australia 2007-08
Health expenditure in Australia in 2007-08 reached $104 billion. As a percentage of GDP it was 9.1%, the same level as in 2006-07. The area of health expenditure showing the highest growth was public health expenditure which grew by 21% in real terms, mostly due to extra spending on immunisation. Health expenditure Australia 2007-08 examines expenditure on different types of health goods and services in the decade to 2007-08. The report describes funding by the Australian and State governments; private health insurance and individuals; compares health expenditures in the different states and territories; and compares Australia's spending with other countries.
Health care expenditure on chronic kidney disease in Australia 2004-05
Chronic kidney disease is a common and serious problem in Australia. Those with the most severe form, end-stage kidney disease, usually require dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive. It is with these resource intensive and technologically advanced treatments that much of the health costs for chronic kidney disease are incurred, with regular dialysis the most common reason for hospitalisation in Australia.Chronic kidney disease contributes substantially to health care expenditure in Australia and is increasing much faster than expenditure on total health care. In 2004-05 it accounted for 1.7% of total expenditure ($898.7 million), an increase of 33% since 2000-01 ($573.6 million).
Estimating the impact of selected National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission (NHHRC) reforms on health care expenditure, 2003 to 2033
To give an indication of the medium- to long-term effects of certain proposed National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission (NHHRC) reforms on growth in health expenditures, the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare developed estimates of the expenditure effects of selected reform proposals.
Health expenditure Australia 2006-07
Health expenditure Australia 2006-07 examines expenditure on health goods and services in Australia for 1996-97 to 2006-07. It shows that Australia spent over $ 94.0 billion on health in 2006-07, an estimated rise of $7.3 billion since 2005-06. This report presents expenditure estimates: at the aggregate level; as a proportion of gross domestic product (GDP); on a per person basis; by state and territory; by comparison with selected OECD and Asia-Pacific countries; and by source of funding (Australian Government, other governments and the non-government sector). This report will be helpful to anyone interested in studying, analysing and comparing estimates of health expenditure in Australia.
Welfare expenditure Australia 2005-06
'Welfare expenditure Australia' 2005-06 provides estimates of welfare expenditure in Australia for the period 1998-99 to 2005-06. Welfare expenditure comprises cash payments and expenditure for services specifically directed to families and children, older people, people with disabilities, and other groups such as widows, refugees and migrants. In 2005-06 this expenditure totalled $90 billion, $61 billion being for cash benefits and the remaining $29 billion for welfare services. Funding of welfare services by the eight state and territory governments are compared. This publication also contains estimates of social tax expenditures by the Australian Government and a special chapter on residential aged care expenditure. This report is an important reference for policy makers and those working in the community services sector.
Welfare expenditure Australia 2003-04
'Welfare expenditure Australia 2003-04' provides estimates of expenditure on welfare services and social security benefits in Australia for the period 1998-99 to 2003-04. Welfare services expenditure are benefits in kind to families and children, older people, people with disabilities, and other target groups such as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and migrants. This expenditure totalled $20 billion in 2003-04. Estimates are reported by source of funding, whether from governments, from individuals in the form of fees for services or from non-government community service organisations. Funding of welfare services by the eight state and territory governments are compared. This publication also contains estimates of social tax expenditures by the Australian Government. This report is an important reference for policy makers and those working in the community services sector.
Health expenditure for arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions in Australia, 2000-01
Arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions may not be a large cause of mortality but are significant contributors to morbidity and disability in Australia. They are highly prevalent, particularly among those aged 65 or over. Their treatment and management have considerable costs and the health care required is different from other major health conditions. In Australia, the direct health expenditure for arthritis and musculoskeletal conditions exceeded $4.6b in 2000-01, ranking third below cardiovascular diseases and neurological disorders. Much of the expenditure was on health care in community settings. Expenditures on the use of pharmaceuticals and procedures are also on the rise. This bulletin details these expenditures, with emphasis on osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, back pain and other rheumatic disorders. Various health sectors in which the monies are spent are also described.
Welfare expenditure Australia 2002-03
This report provides estimates of expenditure on welfare services in Australia for the period 1998-99 to 2002-03. It also brings together cash and non-cash benefits for people in need of assistance, using an international framework being developed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). This publication also contains a special feature chapter on child care in Australia. This report provides an important reference for policy makers into field and those working in the community services sector.
Expenditures on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, 2001-02
This report is the third comprehensive analysis of expenditures on health for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. It examines expenditures in 2001-02 on health for Indigenous people and compares it with health expenditures for the rest of the Australian population. It examines health resource distribution and funding by different levels of government, the private sector, by region and by primary and secondary/tertiary health care. It also provides some information on the level of expenditure on health-related welfare services expenditure for Indigenous Australians. Estimates of health expenditures in 2001-02 are compared with those published previously for 1998-99.
Health system expenditures on cancer and other neoplasms in Australia 2000-01
The first comprehensive study of cancer health system expenditures in Australia covered the year 1993-94 and was released in 1998. This report updates the expenditure estimates to 2000-01 and includes 'other neoplasms' as well as cancers. The methodology has been revised in some areas and the analysis applied across the cancer site groups used in the first Australian Burden of Disease Study.
Health system expenditure on disease and injury in Australia 2000-01, second edition
The report provides an overview of total health system expenditures on disease and injury in Australia during 2000-01, based on the best possible estimates from currently available data sources. To maximise the validity of comparison between diseases, similar methods are used in estimating each disease.
Health care expenditure on cardiovascular diseases 2000-01
This report presents summary data of allocated health expenditure collected by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.
National public health expenditure report 2000-01
This is the third comprehensive report on expenditure on public health services in Australia. Most public health activities are aimed at preventing illness and enhancing the wellbeing and quality of a nation's population. That is, what is spent now on public health services is an investment that should result in fewer demands on health services, and better health for the population as a whole, over time. This report examines expenditure by the Australian Government and each State and Territory Government in nine core public health activities, for the period 2000-01.
Australian expenditure on mental disorders in comparison with expenditure in other countries
Current until 30 June 2004.
Welfare expenditure Australia 2000-01
Welfare Expenditure Australia 2000-01 provides estimates of expenditure on welfare services in Australia for the period 1998-99 to 2000-01.This report includes estimates of expenditure funded by all levels of governments, by non-governement community services organisations and by households.Welfare Expenditure Australia follows the Welfare Services Expenditure Bulletin in providing an important reference for policy makers in the field and those working in the community services sector.
Health expenditure Australia 2000-01
Australia spent over $60 billion on health in 2000-01, a rise of almost $9 billion over the latest two years. This report examines expenditure on health in Australia. It revises estimates from 1991 to 1998-99 to reflect new estimates of GDP and household expenditure on health, and presents preliminary estimates for 2000-01. Health Expenditure Australia follows the Health Expenditure Bulletin in presenting this and other essential information and analysis on the Australian health system.
National public health expenditure report 1998-99
This report is the first of its type in Australia. It provides public health expenditure information from each of the State, Territory and Commonwealth health departments, based on eight distinct public health expenditure categories: communicable disease control; selected health promotion activities; immunisation; environmental health; food standards and hygiene; breast cancer screening; cervical screening; all other core public health. This report is part of the National Public Health Expenditure Project (NPHEP).
State of play of expenditure on public health by Australian governments
This report outlines the state of play with regard to public health expenditure data in Australia at 1999 and looks particularly at data available from existing sources for the reference year 1997-98.The report was compiled from the first stage of the National Public Health Expenditure Project (NPHEP). It represents an important step in establishing information about public health infrastructure in Australia.
Expenditures on health services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People 1998-99
This report is the second comprehensive analysis of expenditures on health services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It examines expenditures in 1998-99 compared with health services expenditure for the rest of the Australian population. It examines health resource distribution by different levels of government, the private sector, by region and by primary and secondary/tertiary health care. Health expenditure in 1998-99 is compared with the earlier 1995-96 findings. These analyses enable a greater understanding of the different patterns of health service use by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
Australia's welfare services expenditure 1994-95 to 1999-00
Provides estimates of expenditure on welfare services in Australia for the period 1994-95 to 1999-2000.The bulletin includes monetary expenditure funded by all levels of governments, by non-government community services organisations and by households.The estimates presented in this bulletin are an important reference for policy makers in the field and those working in the community services sector.
Australia's welfare services expenditure 1992-93 to 1997-98
Provides estimates of expenditure on welfare services in Australia for the period 1992-93 to 1997-98. It is the first in the series to report separate estimates of government expenditure on welfare services for the aged and for people with a disability. The bulletin includes monetary expenditures funded by all levels of government, by non-government community services organisations and by households. It also compares government welfare services spending with other areas of government spending and analyses the sources of growth in this expenditure.
Australia's health services expenditure to 1997-98
Provides estimates of total expenditure on health services in Australia for 1989-90 to 1997-98. Expenditure estimates are presented at the aggregate level, as a proportion of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), on a per person basis and by source of funding - government, health insurance funds or individuals. Experimental health expenditure matrices for all States and Territories for 1995-96 to 1996-97 are new features of the bulletin, while detailed national information on particular areas of expenditure are presented as in previous issues.
Health system costs of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes in Australia 1993-94
Examines the direct costs to the Australian community of cardiovascular diseases in 1993-94, including coronary heart disease, stroke and other vascular diseases, high blood pressure and high cholesterol, and diabetes.
Australian health expenditure 1982-83 to 1993-94
This bulletin provides estimates of total health expenditure in Australia for the period 1982-83 to 1993-94. Detailed data are presented, by area of expenditure and source of funds, for each year from 1986-87 to 1992-93. Estimates of aggregate data only are presented for 1993-94. The major focus of this bulletin is on measuring variations in annual growth in expenditure for different areas of health care. However, the bulletin also looks at changes to the mix of service funding sources and expenditure levels for particular health services.
Australian health expenditure to 1992-93
Provides estimates of expenditure on health services in Australia, including per person expenditure, type of expenditure, comparison with GDP and comparison with current and constant prices.
Hospital utilisation and expenditure 1982-83 to 1991-92
This bulletin surveys use of and expenditure on acute public and private hospitals in Australia from 1982-83 to 1991-92.
Potential opportunity cost savings in health care expenditure
This paper provides estimates of the economic cost of disease that are relevant to the focus areas of the National Health Goals and Targets. These focus areas are cardiovascular disease (CVD), cancer, mental health and injury.
Expenditure on health research and development in Australia
Uses data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, the Department of Industry Science and Tourism (DIST), and the CSIRO to identify trends in expenditure on research and experimental development (R&D) concerned with health. Current until 1 July 1995.
Welfare services expenditure data in Australia: a review of existing data sources
Examines existing welfare services expenditure data available in Australia.
Australian health expenditure to 1991-92
Australian health expenditure to 1990-91
Australian health expenditure to 1988-89
Australian hospital expenditure and utilisation 1982-83 to 1988-89
Australian private medical care costs and use 1976 and 1986
Compares private medical care costs and service use in Australia in 1976 and 1986. Data is analysed by subsets of age, sex, item-group of service and geographic location.
Australian health expenditure to 1987-88
Australian health expenditure 1982-83 to 1985-86
Details health expenditure by governments and individuals for the period 1982-83 to 1985-86.
Australian health expenditure 1979-80 to 1981-82
This publication updates data published initially in Australian Health Expenditure 1975-76 and 1979-80: an analysis. It also complements that publication in that it extends the time series to provide researchers with access to longer term expenditure and utilisation data.