AIHW Board AIHW senior staff Annual report Capability statement Collaboration AIHW corporate plan 2016–17 to 2019–20 Customer care charter FOI - freedom of information Indexed list of files Nous review Organisation chart Presentations Privacy of data Public Interest Disclosure Tenders
By category Ageing, disability & carers Families & children Hospitals Housing & homelessness Indigenous Australians Population groups Risk factors, diseases & death Services, workforce & spending
By subject Adoptions Aged care Ageing Alcohol & other drugs Arthritis & musculoskeletal conditions Asthma Australia's health Australia's welfare Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular disease Child health, development & wellbeing Child protection Children's services Chronic diseases
Chronic kidney disease Chronic respiratory conditions COPD Deaths Dementia Dental & oral health Diabetes Disability Expenditure Eye health Food & nutrition Health indicators Health performance Homelessness Hospitals Housing assistance Indigenous Australians Injury Life expectancy
Male health Mental health Mothers & babies Overweight & obesity Palliative care services Population health Primary health care Prisoner health Risk factors Rural health Safety & quality of health care Veterans' health Workforce Youth health & wellbeing Youth justice
In other sections Data Publications Contact AIHW
Publications CatalogueOrdering publicationsForthcoming publications Online reports Subscribe to release notices
By subject Adoptions Aged care Ageing Alcohol & other drugs AIHW annual reports Arthritis & musculoskeletal conditions Asthma Australia's health Australia's welfare Burden of disease Cancer Cardiovascular disease Child health, development & wellbeing Child protection Children's services Chronic diseases Chronic kidney disease
Chronic respiratory conditions Corporate publications Data linkage Data standards Deaths Dental & oral health Diabetes Disability Expenditure Eye health Food & nutrition General practice Health indicators Health performance Homelessness Hospitals Housing assistance Indigenous Australians Indigenous housing
Injury Life expectancy Male health Mental health services Mothers & babies Overweight & obesity Palliative care Population health Primary health carePrisoner health Risk factors Rural health Safety & quality of health care Veterans' health Workforce Youth health & wellbeing Youth justice
In other sections Subjects Data Contact AIHW
About AIHW data METeOR—metadata online registry Data by subject AIHW data collections Customised data analysis request Data governance framework Data linking Data standards GovHack Privacy of data Accessing Australian Government health and welfare data
By subjectAboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework Adoptions Aged care Alcohol and other drugs Alcohol data sources Cancer Children's headline indicators (CHI) Child protection Data sources for monitoring health conditionsDeaths Diabetes Disability
Expenditure FHBH - Fixing houses for better health General Record of Incidence of Mortality (GRIM) books Hospitals Indigenous Australians International collaboration Maternity Information Matrix (MIM) Medical indemnity Mental health Mortality Over Regions and Time (MORT) books National Aged Care Data Clearinghouse
National core maternity indicators (NCMI) National framework for protecting Australia’s children (NFPAC) National indicator catalogue National Youth Information Framework (NYIF) Perinatal data Primary Health Network (PHN) Specialist Homelessness Services (SHS) Workforce
In other sections Subjects Publications Contact AIHW
AIHW committeesAIHW Board AIHW Ethics Committee
National & advisory committeesACFADD AHSAC AODTS NMDS WG Cancer CKDMAC CVDMAC HEACIGIHM JJ RIG MHISSC
NAGATSIHID NCSIMG NDDWG NDIMG NHISSC NIAG NIRAPIMG NMDDNMDS NMHPSC NOPSAD
NPDDC NPHEP NPHIC PCDWG PDWG PHIDG PHIG REDWG Workforce committees
In other sections About the AIHW Data Publications Contact AIHW
Education worksheets Infographics What's in the pipeline Subscribe to education notices Other educational links
Resources by subject All Latest Ageing Australia's health Australia's welfare Carers
Children & youth Disability Disease Drugs
Health Health prevention Indigenous Australians Injury
In other sections Subjects Data Publications Contact AIHW
Job vacancies How to apply for a position at the AIHW Conditions of employment Benefits of working for the AIHW Temporary employment register Occupational Training Program Contact the People Unit Graduates
AIHW Access magazine Media releases Subscribe to release notices Embargoed access to AIHW material Media contacts
You are here:
The supply of medical practitioners is calculated in terms of the number of 'full-time equivalent' (FTE) practitioners working in medicine (termed 'employed medical practitioners' in this report), which is based on the total hours worked reported by medical practitioners in the Medical Workforce Survey. The Medical Workforce Survey contains information on medical practitioners who are registered with the Medical Board of Australia through the National Registration and Accreditation Scheme (NRAS) introduced on 1 July 2010.
The supply of employed medical practitioners continued to grow in 2015. It was 392 FTE per 100,000 population in 2015, up from 374 per 100,000 in 2012, 382 per 100,000 in 2013 and 388 per 100,000 in 2014, an average annual growth rate of 1.6% from 2012 to 2015.
This continued a trend that was apparent prior to the introduction of the NRAS; when the supply of employed practitioners rose from 319 FTE per 100,000 population in 2005 to 345 per 100,000 population in 2009, an average annual growth rate of 1.9% from 2005 to 2009 (Figure 1).
The supply of practitioners working as clinicians was also higher in 2015 (375 FTE per 100,000) than it was in 2012, 2013 and 2014 (355, 365 and 371 per 100,000, respectively), an average annual growth rate of 1.8% from 2012 to 2015.
Sources: AIHW Medical Labour Force Survey (2005 to 2009); National Health Workforce Data Set (NHWDS): medical practitioners (2011 to 2015).
The largest proportion of clinicians were specialists (35.0%), followed by general practitioners (33.1%), specialists-in-training (18.0%) and hospital non-specialists (11.6%) (Figure 2).
The supply of clinician general practitioners was relatively stable between 2012 and 2015 at around 110 FTE per 100,000 population (112 FTE per 100,000 population in 2015).
The supply of clinician specialists increased between 2012 and 2015, from 128 to 134 per 100,000 population.
Source: NHWDS: medical practitioners 2015.
There were 102,805 registered medical practitioners (including provisionally registered) in 2015. Of these, most held a 'general registration' (83,427). Many of them also had a 'specialist registration' (49,060) (Table 1).
The total number of registered medical practitioners increased by 43.6% between 2005 and 2015, from 67,890 to 97,466 (excluding provisionally registered), an average annual change of 3.7% from 2005 to 2015. The number of practitioners employed in medicine increased by 46.1% over the same period, from 60,252 to 88,040, an average annual change of 3.9% from 2005 to 2015 (Figure 3).
Among the 88,040 medical practitioners employed in medicine in Australia, 83,731 (95.1%) reported being clinicians (Figure 4).
Note: Clinician is a medical practitioner who spends the majority of their time working in the area of clinical practice.
In 2015, the overall supply of medical practitioners working in medicine varied across the states and territories, from 363 FTE employed medical practitioners per 100,000 population in Western Australia to 499 in the Northern Territory (Figure 5).
From 2012 to 2015, the supply of employed medical practitioners increased slightly in all jurisdictions. The greatest increase was in the Northern Territory (7.2%) followed by Tasmania (6.4%), with the smallest increase in South Australia (2.8%). Data in the Northern Territory can be affected by a high rate of migration of the workforce in and out of the jurisdiction. There was an increase in the national supply of employed practitioners over the same period of 5.0% (Figure 5).
Source: NHWDS: medical practitioners, 2012 and 2015.
Major cities continued to have the highest rate of supply of employed medical practitioners of all the remoteness areas (Figure 6).
Source: NHWDS: medical practitioners (2012 to 2015).
In 2015, the overall supply of employed medical practitioners varied across remoteness areas, from 442 FTE per 100,000 population in Major cities to 263 in Remote/Very remote areas (Figure 7).
While supply of medical practitioners overall was lowest in Remote/Very remote areas, the supply of general practitioners was the highest in Remote/Very remote areas in 2015. The supply of general practitioners in Remote/Very remote areas was 136 FTE per 100,000 population, 24 more than the national rate of 112. This does not necessarily imply remote and very remote populations are better off in terms of access to general practitioner services. These differences may reflect different service delivery models and higher levels of demand in some areas.