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Closing the Gap targets: 2017 analysis of progress and key drivers of change  

This report provides detailed information and analyses on the Closing the Gap targets, including the key drivers of change underpinning these targets. This report provides context for policy debate and discussion for the Closing the Gap Refresh, a joint initiative of the Council of Australian Governments (COAG). Information on this COAG initiative, and additional resources with updated data on the COAG targets are available at the Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet website.

Family violence prevention programs in Indigenous communities  

Family violence is a very serious and widespread issue in Australia. It has become an area of growing public concern, and is a priority area for Australian and state and territory governments. This resource sheet examines the extent of the problem, and explores some programs that have been trialled in Indigenous communities to reduce family violence. It also examines non-Indigenous-specific Australian and international programs. It identifies principles and components that contribute to successful programs, and highlights the need for well-designed program evaluations.

Cultural competency in the delivery of health services for Indigenous people  

This issues paper examines the available evidence on cultural competence in international and local literature. It defines cultural competency; reports on available evidence; identifies approaches and strategies that are effective in improving cultural competency among health services staff; examines the relationship between cultural competency and health outcomes; and documents an evidence-informed conceptual framework.

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a review of interventions for prevention and management in Indigenous communities  

This resource sheet defines fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and provides currently available estimates of their prevalence in the overall Australian population and in the Indigenous population. It reviews the Australian and international literature published since 1990 on the effectiveness of programs that aim to prevent FASD or to alleviate its effects. Evidence on the effectiveness of Australian and Indigenous specific programs is also assessed, including those programs that have been developed and implemented in partnership with Indigenous Australians.

Effective strategies to strengthen the mental health and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people  

This paper reviews the evidence on effective and culturally appropriate mental health and social and emotional wellbeing programs and services for Indigenous people in Australia. It identifies what works, what doesn't, and the gaps in the research evidence. Background information is also included on the key determinants of mental health and wellbeing, the local policy context, and the 9 principles of effective program and service delivery in Indigenous mental health policy, programs, and services.

Ear disease in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children  

Ear disease and associated hearing loss are significant health problems for Indigenous children, and also contribute to poor educational achievement, higher unemployment, and, as a consequence, greater contact with the criminal justice system later in life. Thus, preventing ear disease in Indigenous children is a high priority. This resource sheet reviews past and current programs, research and strategies for the prevention and treatment of ear disease in Indigenous children. It examines what works, what doesn't, and what further research is needed. Risk factors, incidence, and prevalence are also noted. 

Funding Indigenous organisations: improving governance performance through innovations in public finance management in remote Australia  

This issues paper reviews the context and past experience of public finance reform and its effects on governance in remote Indigenous communities. It focuses on the modalities used to manage the conversion of public financing of Indigenous organisations into activities. Funding modalities means the policies and instruments that structure and govern how funding is delivered and aligned with government priorities, including administrative, financing and accountability mechanisms.

Data about and for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians  

This paper discusses the availability, strengths and weaknesses of 4 types of data: cross-sectional surveys, longitudinal data, qualitative data, administrative data and community-controlled collections. It also reviews the extent to which the data sets and types of data meet their main uses.

Improving labour market outcomes through education and training  

This issues paper analyses the role of education attainment in explaining the disparity in employment rates between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. It also examines the effectiveness of education and employment programs aimed at improving Indigenous outcomes.

Increasing employment rates for Indigenous people with a disability  

This resource sheet assesses and summarises evidence on the effectiveness of programs relevant to in increasing employment for Indigenous people with a disability. The paper reviews evaluations of both  mainstream Australian and Indigenous-specific employment programs, as well as international programs.