Reports

Featured reports

Alcohol, tobacco & other drugs in Australia 

The consumption of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs is a major cause of preventable disease and illness in Australia. This report consolidates the most recently available information on alcohol, tobacco and other drug use in Australia, including key trends in the availability, consumption, harms and treatment for vulnerable populations. Further, information on a range of health, social and economic impacts of alcohol, tobacco and other drug use are highlighted.

National Drug Strategy Household Survey 2016: detailed findings 

This 2016 National Drug Strategy Household Survey report shows that: the decline in daily smoking slowed in 2016 but improvements were seen among people living in the lowest socioeconomic area; certain groups disproportionately experience drug-related risks and recent use of illicit drugs was particularly high for people who identified as homosexual or bisexual; just under 4 in 10 Australians either smoked daily, drank alcohol in ways that put them at risk of harm or used an illicit drug in the previous 12 months.

Latest reports

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2016–17: key findings 

In 2016–17, 836 publicly-funded alcohol and other drug treatment services provided just over 200,000 treatment episodes to an estimated 127,000 clients.

The top four drugs that led clients to seek treatment were alcohol (32% of all treatment episodes), amphetamines (26%), cannabis (22%) and heroin (5%). The proportion of closed treatment episodes where clients were receiving treatment for amphetamines has more than doubled over the last 10 years, from 11% of treatment episodes in 2007–08 to 27% in 2016–17. Two-thirds (66%) of all clients receiving treatment in 2016–17 were male and the median age of clients remains at 33 years.

AODTS 2016–17 data visualisations 

In 2016–17, 836 publicly-funded alcohol and other drug treatment services provided just over 200,000 treatment episodes to an estimated 127,000 clients.

The top four drugs that led clients to seek treatment were alcohol (32% of all treatment episodes), amphetamines (26%), cannabis (22%) and heroin (5%). The proportion of closed treatment episodes where clients were receiving treatment for amphetamines has more than doubled over the last 10 years, from 11% of treatment episodes in 2007–08 to 27% in 2016–17. Two-thirds (66%) of all clients receiving treatment in 2016–17 were male and the median age of clients remains at 33 years.

Data visualisations of the Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2016–17: key findings and the associated data cubes (for more detailed data presented in tabular form).

Impact of alcohol and illicit drug use on the burden of disease and injury in Australia: Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011  

This report quantifies the health impact that alcohol and illicit drug use place on Australia, including as risk factors for other diseases and injuries. It estimates that alcohol and illicit drugs were collectively responsible for 6.7% of Australia’s disease burden in 2011. The report highlights that health inequalities exist, with lower socioeconomic groups and more remote areas generally experiencing higher rates of disease burden due to alcohol and illicit drug use.

Family, domestic and sexual violence in Australia, 2018 

Family, domestic and sexual violence is a major health and welfare issue. It occurs across all ages, socioeconomic and demographic groups but mainly affects women and children. Indigenous women, young women and pregnant women are particularly at risk. This report explores the extent, impact and cost of family, domestic and sexual violence in Australia, and looks at what could be done to fill important data gaps.  

Risk factors to health 

Health risk factors are attributes, characteristics or exposures that increase the likelihood of a person developing a disease or health disorder. Behavioural risk factors are those that individuals have the most ability to modify. Biomedical risk factors are bodily states that are often influenced by behavioural risk factors.

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2015–16 

In 2015–16, about 796 alcohol and other drug treatment services provided just over 206,600 treatment episodes to an estimated 134,000 clients. The top 4 drugs that led clients to seek treatment were alcohol (32% of treatment episodes), cannabis (23%), amphetamines (23%), and heroin (6%). The proportion of episodes where clients were receiving treatment for amphetamines has continued to rise over the 5 years to 2015–16, from 12% of treatment episodes in 2011–12 to 23% in 2015–16. The median age of clients in AOD treatment services is rising, from 31 in 2006–07 to 33 in 2015–16.

National Drug Strategy Household Survey (NDSHS) 2016—key findings  

This web-based release presents a summary of the national findings from the 2016 National Drug Strategy Household Survey. The 2016 NDSHS show that younger people (aged under 30) were smoking less, drinking less and using fewer illicit drugs in 2016 than in 2001. However, for people in their 40s, 50s and 60s, there was little to no change in drug usage behaviours over this period but their use of some drugs has increased between 2013 and 2016.

Trends in alcohol availability, use and treatment 2003–04 to 2014–15 

From 2003–04 to 2014–15 the rate of treatment for alcohol in Australia has increased. From 2004 to 2013 however, there was a decrease in the rate of Australians drinking alcohol and this was seen across a range of risk measures. Similarly, the apparent consumption of alcohol (as determined through sales and taxation data) has decreased nationally from 2003–04 to 2013–14. Analyses at lower geographical areas found higher rates of people in remote and very remote areas reporting risky drinking than people in other areas—and this was across all measures of risk—and treatment for alcohol was also highest in remote and very remote areas.

National Drug Strategy Household Survey detailed report: 2013 

This 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey report shows that: - fewer Australians are smoking daily and are smoking less cigarettes; - fewer people are exceeding the lifetime risk and single occasion risk guidelines for alcohol use; - overall illicit drug use has remained stable but some drugs have declined and some have increased; - alcohol continues to be the drug of most concern to the community but an increasing number of people are concerned about meth/amphetamines.

Risk factor trends: age patterns in key health risk factors over time 

This report presents comparisons over time for different age groups for key health risk factors, including overweight and obesity, physical inactivity, poor diet, smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. The good news is that smoking rates have declined, particularly among younger people. However, overweight/obesity rates have increased for virtually all age groups, especially females aged 12 to 44.

Drugs in Australia 2010: tobacco, alcohol and other drugs 

Drugs in Australia 2010 provides a comprehensive summary of Australians' consumption of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs and use of treatment services, drawing on the latest statistics from major national collections. It also includes information about drug-related health issues, and drugs in the context of crime and law enforcement.

2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey report 

This 2010 National Drug Strategy Household Survey report shows: positive and significant reductions since 2007 in daily tobacco smoking; mixed findings on alcohol consumption and risk; and a small overall rise in illicit drug use. In terms of attitudes to drugs, excessive alcohol use and tobacco smoking were nominated as the two most serious concerns to the community - and there were higher levels of support than previously for tobacco and alcohol harm reduction policies.

Drinking patterns in Australia, 2001-2007 

This report uses data from the three most recent National Drug Household Surveys to look at trends in alcohol consumption, alcohol-related harm, alcohol beverage of choice, and under-age drinking. Using the 2007 data, the report also explores factors that are associated with short-term risky or high-risk drinking behaviour.

Reducing alcohol and other drug-related harm 

Rates of risky consumption of alcohol and other drugs among Indigenous Australians are generally twice those in the non-Indigenous population, and are both a consequence of - and contribute to - the gap in health and social well-being. This resource sheet discusses patterns of harmful use of alcohol and other drugs within Indigenous communities and evaluates the effectiveness of various intervention strategies. It outlines what works, what doesn't, and what further research is needed, regarding strategies concerning supply reduction, demand reduction, and harm reduction.

Alcohol and work: patterns of use, workplace culture and safety 

Little is known regarding the alcohol consumption patterns of the Australian workforce and the impact these patterns have on workplace safety, workplace productivity and workers' wellbeing. This report addresses this lack of knowledge, and is one of the most comprehensive examinations of the role of alcohol in the Australian workplace.

Alcohol-related injury and young males 

This report aims to describe what is known about the occurrence of alcohol-related injury (ARI) in young males; to outline current knowledge about reducing ARI in young males; to highlight important gaps in the data; and to indicate ways forward.