Latest reports

Impact of physical inactivity as a risk factor for chronic conditions: Australian Burden of Disease  

This report details the impact of physical inactivity on disease burden in the Australian population. Results from this study suggest that prevention and intervention efforts may best be focused on sustained population-level increases in physical activity, by as little as 15 minutes each day, to avoid associated disease burden. It also highlights that health inequalities exist, with lower socioeconomic groups experiencing larger rates of disease burden due to physical inactivity.

Risk factors to health 

Health risk factors are attributes, characteristics or exposures that increase the likelihood of a person developing a disease or health disorder. Behavioural risk factors are those that individuals have the most ability to modify. Biomedical risk factors are bodily states that are often influenced by behavioural risk factors.

Healthy lifestyle programs for physical activity and nutrition 

This paper describes the burden of lifestyle-related chronic diseases affecting Indigenous Australians. It assesses the evidence regarding the effectiveness of physical activity and nutrition programs and identifies strategies that have been demonstrated to be effective. It also reviews strategies that have the potential to be effective, based on their short-term effect or their effectiveness in non-Indigenous populations.

The Active Australia Survey: a guide and manual for implementation, analysis and reporting 

The Active Australia Survey is designed to measure participation in leisure-time physical activity and to assess knowledge of current public health measures about the health benefits of physical activity. It offers a short and reliable set of questions that can be easily implemented via computer-assisted telephone interviewing (CATI) techniques or in face-to-face interviews.This manual is designed to provide an overview of the survey. It includes a copy of the survey, an implementation guide with instructions for interviewers, a guide to the measures that can be derived from the survey data, information on how these measures are calculated and examples of how they are usually reported. It also provides background information on the development of the survey and an example of CATI coding.

Physical activity patterns of Australian adults 

Reports the results of the National Physical Activity Survey conducted in November 1999. This survey was a follow-up to the 1997 Active Australia National Physical Activity Survey. The report presents information on current physical activity patterns among adult Australians as well as trend information essential to assess the impact of the Active Australia campaign. It is a valuable resource for researchers and those interested in public health policy and health promotion.