Featured reports

Mortality inequalities in Australia 2009–11 

Despite relatively high standards of health and health care in Australia, not all Australians fare equally well in terms of their health and longevity. Substantial mortality inequalities exist in the Australian population, in terms of overall mortality, and for most leading causes of death, and these inequalities are long-standing.

An interactive insight into overweight and obesity in Australia 

Overweight and obesity is a major public health issue and among the leading risk factors to ill-health in Australia. This web report provides interactive data displays on the prevalence of overweight and obesity, differences in the prevalence between certain population groups and what is happening over time.

The data displays draw on data from 2 AIHW reports: A picture of overweight and obesity in Australia and Overweight and obesity in Australia: a birth cohort analysis.

Cultural and linguistic diversity measures in aged care 

Accurate and consistent identification of those from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) backgrounds, along with their service needs, is important to achieving the objectives of the National Ageing and Aged Care Strategy for People from Culturally and Linguistically Diverse (CALD) Backgrounds. This paper presents findings from an evaluation of CALD measures identified in 43 data sets and assessment instruments, and recommendations for implementing the ‘top-10’measures in aged care data sets.

Child social exclusion and health outcomes: a study of small areas across Australia 

This bulletin examines the association between the risk of child social exclusion and children’s health outcomes in Australia at the small-area level. The results show that Australian children living in areas with a relatively high risk of social exclusion also experience relatively poor health outcomes. As the risk of child social exclusion increases, so do the rates of both potentially preventable hospitalisations and avoidable deaths.

What works? A review of actions addressing the social and economic determinants of Indigenous health 

The purpose of this paper is to review evidence relating to 'what works' to influence the social and economic determinants of Indigenous health, in order to reduce health inequities, and ultimately contribute to closing the life expectancy gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians. It outlines a conceptual framework for understanding how social and economic determinants influence health and wellbeing, and identifies a number of key determinants of health.

Social determinants of oral health: conditions linked to socioeconomic inequalities in oral health in the Australian population 

If we could grade the social conditions of society from excellent to poor we would find that population oral health status followed precisely the same gradient. Where social conditions are excellent, oral health status tends also to be excellent. Where social conditions are poor, oral health likewise is poor. This is so because the oral health of populations is socially determined. 'Social determinants of oral health: conditions linked to socioeconomic inequalities in oral health in the Australian population' illustrates the social distribution of oral health status in the Australian adult population. It draws links between material, psychosocial and behavioural factors with oral health status. Among adults in the labour force it highlights links between socially produced work conditions and oral health status. It looks back in time to social and psychosocial conditions of childhood and links those experiences with contemporaneous outcomes in adulthood. This thought-provoking publication leaves one wondering to what extent society should help people cope with the social conditions of their lives and to what extent those social conditions themselves should be addressed to improve oral health.