Reports

Featured reports

Adoptions Australia 2015–16 

Adoptions Australia 2015–16, the 26th report in the series, presents the latest data on adoptions of Australian children and children from overseas, and highlights important trends in the number of adoptions back to 1991–92. Data cover characteristics of adopted children, their parents and adoptive families, as well as applications and vetoes for contact and information exchange, and intercountry processing times. During 2015–16, there were 278 adoptions finalised across Australia, the lowest on record over the period reported: 100% of local adoptees were aged under 5, compared with 71% of intercountry adoptees and 9% of known child adoptees.

Adoptions dynamic data displays 

The Adoptions dynamic data displays allow you to explore data on adoptions through customisable charts and tables. The displays are updated annually and contain data back to 1998–99. Data in the displays are based on the National Adoptions Dataset Specifications.

Child protection Australia 2015–16 

During 2015–16, 162,175 (30.2 per 1,000) Australian children received child protection services (investigation, care and protection order and/or were in out-of-home care). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were 7 times as likely as non-Indigenous children to have received child protection services. This report also showed that children from geographically remote areas were more likely to be the subject of a substantiation, or be in out-of-home care than those from major cities.

Permanency planning in child protection: a review of current concepts and available data 2016 

Permanency planning and long-term care for children in out-of-home care can involve family reunification, third-party parental responsibility orders, long-term finalised guardianship/custody orders and adoptions by carers. This report describes concepts and available data in this area, and development work being undertaken to improve national reporting. Available data indicate: there were 31,129 children on finalised guardianship/custody orders and 9,070 children on finalised third-party parental responsibility orders at 30 June 2015; there were 94 adoptions by carers finalised in 2014–15; most (87%) children who had been continuously in care for 2 or more years had also spent at least 2 years in one main care arrangement.

Child protection Australia 2014–15 

This report contains comprehensive information on state and territory child protection and support services in 2014-15, and on the characteristics of Australian children within the child protection system. This report shows that: 151,980 children, a rate of 28.6 per 1,000 children, received child protection services (investigation, care and protection order and/or were in out-of-home care); three-quarters (73%) of these children had previously been the subject of an investigation, care and protection order and/or were in out-of-home care; Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were 7 times as likely as non-Indigenous children to be receiving child protection services.

Adoptions Australia 2014–15 

Adoptions Australia 2014–15, the 25th report in the series, presents the latest data on adoptions of Australian children and children from overseas, and highlights important trends in the number of adoptions back to 1990–91. During 2014–15, 292 adoptions were finalised across Australia—72% were children from Australia and 28% were from overseas, with 27% of all adoptees coming from Asia. Adoption of Australian children by carers, such as foster parents, comprised 32% of all adoptions.

Literature review of the impact of early childhood education and care on learning and development 

Early childhood education and care is a key priority for the Australian Government in recognition that ECEC programs play a vital role in the development of Australian children and their preparation for school, and enabling parents to work. This review explores the literature on the complex relationship between attendance at early childhood education and care programs and developmental outcomes for children.

Child protection Australia 2013–14 

This report contains comprehensive information on state and territory child protection and support services in 2013-14, and the characteristics of Australian children within the child protection system. This report shows that: around 143,000 children, a rate of 27.2 per 1,000 children, received child protection services (investigation, care and protection order and/or in out-of-home care); three-quarters (73%) of these children had previously been the subject of an investigation, care and protection order and/or out-of-home care placement; Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were 7 times as likely as non-Indigenous children to be receiving child protection services.

Adoptions Australia 2013-14 

Adoptions Australia 2013–14, the 24th report in the series, presents the latest data on adoptions of Australian children and children from overseas, and highlights important trends in the number of adoptions back to 1989–90. Data cover characteristics of adopted children, their parents and adoptive families, as well as applications and vetoes for contact and information exchange, and intercountry adoption processing times. During 2013–14, 317 adoptions were finalised across Australia. Among these adoptions: –64% were children from Australia and 36% were from overseas –28% were by carers, such as foster parents –32% of adoptees came from Asia –45% of adoptees were aged under 5.

A new approach to national child protection data: implementation of the Child Protection National Minimum Data Set 

Over the past few years, the AIHW, with dedicated national resources made available through the Australian Government, has worked with all jurisdictions to implement a new Child Protection National Minimum Data Set (CP NMDS) for reporting on child protection. This working paper describes the development and implementation of the CP NMDS and highlights key new analyses able to be reported for the first time at the national level. It also outlines the need for ongoing development work.

Child protection Australia 2012-13 

Child protection Australia 2012–13 represents a significant milestone in national child protection reporting as it is the first time that unit record level data have been available for analysis and reporting. This report shows that: - there were 135,000 children, a rate of 26.1 per 1,000 children, receiving child protection services (investigation; care and protection order; and/or placed in out-of-home care). - more than half (56%) of these children were subject only to an investigation (that is, they were not subsequently placed on an order or in out-of-home care) while 8% were involved in all three components of the system. - in 2012–13, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children were 8 times as likely as non-Indigenous children to be receiving child protection services.

Mapping of children and youth indicator reporting frameworks 

This report provides an overview of the purpose, scope and reporting status of 6 national frameworks, 4 National Agreements and 5 National Partnership Agreements that are relevant to children and/or youth. Indicators from the frameworks and Agreements are mapped across 6 broad domains to identify critical indicators of shared relevance, and those that are unique to a particular framework or Agreement. Recommendations are provided on how reporting on Australian children and youth could be streamlined to ensure a sustainable approach to data development, data collection and reporting.