Featured reports

Primary health care in Australia 

Primary health care is the entry level to the health system and, as such, is usually a person’s first encounter with the health system. It includes a broad range of activities and services, from health promotion and prevention, to treatment and management of acute and chronic conditions. This report includes sources of Primary Health Network (PHN) data, expenditure, delivery of primary health care services including the scope and patient experience. 

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health organisations: Online Services Report—key results 2015–16 

This is the eighth national report on organisations funded by the Australian Government to provide health services to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. In 2015–16: 204 organisations provided primary health-care services to around 461,500 clients through 5.4 million client contacts and 3.9 million episodes of care; 216 counsellors from 93 organisations provided social and emotional wellbeing services to around 18,900 clients through 88,900 client contacts; 80 organisations provided substance-use services to around 32,700 clients through 170,400 episodes of care.

National Key Performance Indicators for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander primary health care: results from June 2016 

This fourth national report on the national Key Performance Indicators (nKPIs) data collection is based on data from more than 240 primary health care organisations that received funding from the Australian Government Department of Health to provide services primarily to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Information is presented for 22 ‘process-of-care’ and ‘health outcome’ indicators for June 2016, which focus on maternal and child health, preventative health, and chronic disease management. The report shows continuous improvements for the majority of indicators.

Healthy Futures—Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services Report Card 2016 

This report card provides information from about 140 Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Services (ACCHS) providing care to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. During 2014–15 these services saw about 275,000 Indigenous clients who received almost 2.5 million episodes of care. About 228,700 Indigenous Australians were regular clients of ACCHSs, where they received maternal and child health services, chronic disease risk factor prevention, and management services. This report card shows rises in the proportion of clients receiving appropriate processes of care for 10 of the 16 relevant indicators.

Social distribution of health risks and health outcomes: preliminary analysis of the National Health Survey 2007-08 

Where people are born, grow, live, work and age affects their health status. This paper explores the association between selected social and health risk factors on Australians' health. It shows that people with higher household incomes and higher education qualifications are more likely to report better health and less likely to report smoking, and people living outside major cities are more likely to report being an unhealthy weight.

Dialysis and kidney transplantation in Australia: 1991-2010 

End-stage kidney disease is a serious and costly health problem in Australia that usually requires kidney replacement therapy (dialysis or kidney transplantation) for patients to survive. At the end of 2009 there were more than 18,000 people receiving kidney replacement therapy. The majority received dialysis treatment, which accounted for more than 1.1 million hospitalisations in the 2009-10 financial year. During 2009 more than 2,300 patients started kidney replacement therapy and 772 kidney transplant operations were performed.

Perinatal depression: data from the 2010 Australian National Infant Feeding Survey 

Data from the 2010 Australian National Infant Feeding Survey showed that 1 in 5 (20%) mothers of children aged 24 months or less had been diagnosed with depression. More than half of these mothers reported being diagnosed with depression during the perinatal period. Perinatal depression was more commonly reported among mothers who were younger (aged under 25), smokers, overweight/obese and from lower income households.

A working guide to international comparisons of health 

Comparisons of health between countries are popular and useful, and often attract media attention. This guide highlights the types of questions to ask before comparing countries and when presenting health data in an international context.

Social and emotional wellbeing: development of a children's headline indicator 

A child's social and emotional wellbeing is integral to their overall health, development and wellbeing. Children with high levels of social and emotional wellbeing are more likely to successfully negotiate physical, intellectual and social challenges during childhood and adolescence. This report describes the process of developing a Children's Headline Indicator to measure social and emotional wellbeing. It presents research evidence on the links between social and emotional wellbeing and children's health, development and wellbeing outcomes; assesses potential indicators and data sources; and recommends an indicator of social and emotional wellbeing for Australian children.

Comorbidity of mental disorders and physical conditions 2007 

This report investigates the prevalence of mental illness in association with common chronic diseases and shows that in 2007: 12% of Australians aged 16-85 had a mental disorder and a physical condition at the same time; the most common comorbidity was anxiety disorder combined with a physical condition, affecting around 1.4 million (9%) Australian adults; people living in the most disadvantaged areas of Australia were 65% more likely to have comorbidity than those living in the least disadvantaged areas.

General practice activity in Australia 2000-01 to 2009-10: 10 year data tables 

This report presents results from the most recent 10 years (April 2000 to March 2010) of the BEACH program, a national cross-sectional study of general practice activity. During this time 9,842 GPs provided details of almost 1 million GP-patient encounters. Readers can review changes that have occurred over the decade in the characteristics of general practitioners and the patients they see; the problems managed; and the treatments provided. Changes in patients' body mass index, smoking status and alcohol use are described for a subsample of adult patients.