Chronic respiratory diseases, such as asthma and emphysema, are very prevalent in Australia. They disrupt the daily life and productivity of many individuals and lead to thousands of deaths each year. Many of these diseases are largely preventable and manageable. This report brings together data from a variety of sources to highlight the prevalence and impact of chronic respiratory diseases in Australia. The information included in this report will be relevant to policy makers, the broader community and anyone with an interest in the respiratory diseases.