Table of contents

  • Preliminary material
    • Title and verso page
    • Contents
    • Acknowledgments
    • Abbreviations
    • Summary
    • Use of antibiotics by people with obstructive airways disease
    • Co-prescribing of antibiotics and one-off inhaled corticosteroids
  • Body section
    • 1 Introduction
      • Antibiotics and asthma
      • Antibiotics and COPD
      • Inhaled corticosteroids and antibiotics
      • Rationale for this report
    • 2 Methods
      • Data sources
        • Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme data
        • Limitations of PBS data for studying obstructive airways disease
        • PBS study population
        • The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children
        • LSAC study population
      • Data analysis
        • Pattern of antibiotic use among people dispensed any medications for obstructive airways
        • disease
        • Co-dispensing of an antibiotic with a one-off inhaled corticosteroid
        • Cost to Government
        • Definitions
        • Concession card holders
        • Medications for obstructive airways disease
        • Antibiotics
        • Co-dispensing of an antibiotic and one-off inhaled corticosteroids
        • Statistical procedures
    • 3 Pattern of use of antibiotics in people with obstructive airways disease
      • Pattern of use of antibiotics among people taking any respiratory medications
      • Frequency of dispensing of oral antibiotics and inhaled corticosteroids among children
      • Frequency of dispensing of oral antibiotics and inhaled corticosteroids among adults
    • 4 Pattern of use of antibiotics among adults most likely to have COPD
      • Frequency of dispensing of oral antibiotics among adults most likely to have COPD
      • Seasonality
    • 5 Are inhaled corticosteroids being used  as treatment for respiratory tract infections?
      • Frequency of co-dispensing inhaled corticosteroids and oral antibiotics
      • Seasonality of co-dispensing of one-off inhaled corticosteroid and oral antibiotics
      • Type of antibiotic co-dispensed with one-off inhaled corticosteroid
      • Other types of medication dispensed within the co-dispensing period
      • Cost of one-off inhaled corticosteroid dispensing to Government
    • 6 Conclusions
      • Limitations of the data used in this study
      • Use of antibiotics in people with obstructive airways disease
      • Co-prescribing of one-off ICS and antibiotics
  • End matter
    • Appendix A: Additional tables
    • Appendix B: Sensitivity analysis
    • References
    • List of tables
    • List of figures