After accounting for population increase and ageing, there was a 13% increase in the overall burden of suicide and self-inflicted injuries between 2003 and 2019, from 5.2 to 5.9 DALY per 1,000 population (Figure 3; Table S3). During this period, the age-standardised rate of fatal burden (YLL) for suicide also increased from 5.2 to 5.8 YLL per 1,000 (13%); however, the age-standardised rate for non-fatal burden (YLD) remained stable.
Females experienced a larger increase in the overall burden of suicide and self-inflicted injuries between 2003 and 2019 (28%) than males (8.7%). Similarly, the increase in fatal burden over this time was higher in females (29%) than in males (8.8%).
Figure 3: Number and age-standardised rate of burden (DALY, YLL, YLD and deaths) due to suicide and self-inflicted injuries, by sex, 2003, 2011, 2015, 2018 and 2019