Cervical cancer in Australia

Cervical cancer incorporates ICD–10 cancer code C53.

New cases of cervical cancer

Cervical cancer was the 14th most commonly diagnosed cancer among females in Australia in 2013. In 2017, it is estimated that it will remain the 14th most commonly diagnosed cancer among females.

In 2013, there were 813 new cases of cervical cancer diagnosed in Australia. In 2017, it is estimated that 912 new cases of cervical cancer will be diagnosed in Australia.

In 2013, the age–standardised incidence rate was 6.8 cases per 100,000 females. In 2017, it is estimated that the age–standardised incidence rate will be 7.1 cases per 100,000 females. The incidence rate for cervical cancer is expected to be highest for age group 35–39, followed by age groups 40–44 and 85+.

In 2017, it is estimated that the risk of a female being diagnosed with cervical cancer by her 85th birthday will be 1 in 166.

The number of new cases of cervical cancer diagnosed decreased from 965 in 1982 to 813 in 2013. Over the same period, the age–standardised incidence rate decreased from 14 cases per 100,000 females in 1982 to 6.8 cases per 100,000 females in 2013.

Deaths from cervical cancer

In 2014, cervical cancer was the 20th leading cause of cancer death among females in Australia. It is estimated that it will become the 19th most common cause of death from cancer among females in 2017.

In 2014, there were 223 deaths from cervical cancer in Australia. In 2017, it is estimated that this will increase to 254 deaths.

In 2014, the age–standardised mortality rate was 1.7 deaths per 100,000 females. In 2017, it is estimated that the age–standardised mortality rate will be 1.8 deaths per 100,000 females. The mortality rate for cervical cancer is expected to generally increase with age.

In 2017, it is estimated that the risk of a female dying from cervical cancer by her 85th birthday will be 1 in 480. 

The number of deaths from cervical cancer decreased from 378 in 1968 to 223 in 2014. Over the same period, the age–standardised mortality rate decreased from 7.7 deaths per 100,000 females in 1968 to 1.7 deaths per 100,000 females in 2014.

Estimated age-specific incidence and mortality rates for cervical cancer, females, 2017

This line chart presents the estimated age-standardised incidence (solid line) and mortality (dashed line) rates (per 100,000) of cervical cancer for females over the period 1982–2013 for incidence and 1968–2014 for mortality. The age standardised incidence and mortality rates, expressed per 100,000 persons, are shown on the primary (left) y-axis. Years from 1968 to 2014 are presented on the x-axis.

Source: AIHW [3].

Age-standardised incidence rates for cervical cancer 1982–2013 and age-standardised mortality rates for cervical cancer 1968–2014, females

This line chart presents the estimated age-standardised incidence (solid line) and mortality (dashed line) rates (per 100,000) of cervical cancer for females over the period 1982–2013 for incidence and 1968–2014 for mortality. The age standardised incidence and mortality rates, expressed per 100,000 persons, are shown on the primary (left) y-axis. Years from 1968 to 2014 are presented on the x-axis.

Source: AIHW [2].

Survival from cervical cancer

In 2009–2013, females diagnosed with cervical cancer had a 72% chance of surviving for 5 years compared to their counterparts in the general Australian population.

Between 1984–1988 and 2009–2013, 5–year relative survival from cervical cancer improved from 69% to 72%.

5-year relative survival from cervical cancer, 1984–1988 to 2009–2013

This line chart presents 5-year relative survival at diagnosis for cervical cancer in females over the period 1984–1988 to 2009–2013. The percentage of survival is presented on the y axis.

Source: AIHW [13].'

Survivorship population for cervical cancer 

The survivorship population is measured using prevalence data. Prevalence refers to the number of people alive who have previously been diagnosed with cervical cancer.

The prevalence for 1, 5 and 31 years given below are the number of people living with cervical cancer at the end of 2012 who had been diagnosed in the preceding 1, 5 and 31 years respectively.

At the end of 2012, there were 797 females living who had been diagnosed with cervical cancer that year, 3,165 females who had been diagnosed with cervical cancer in the previous 5 years (from 2008 to 2012) and 15,604 females who had been diagnosed with cervical cancer in the previous 31 years (from 1982 to 2012).

References

3. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2017. Australian Cancer Incidence and Mortality (ACIM) books. Cervical cancer. Canberra: AIHW. [Accessed February 2017].

13. AIHW 2017. Cancer in Australia 2017. Cancer series no. 101. Cat. No. CAN 100. Canberra: AIHW.