0.7 Child Social & emotional wellbeing

Children with poor mental wellbeing experience a range of physical and social impairments, and may be exposed to stigma and discrimination.

The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was one of the modules included in the Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing. The SDQ measures children's social and emotional wellbeing. Results from the SDQ are grouped into three categories: normal, borderline and of concern. Scores in the 'of concern' category indicate substantial risk of clinically significant problems.

For all indicator displays, where all years of data are comparable over time an ‘All’ category will be provided as an option in the ‘Year’ drop down display. If only a selection of specific years are comparable, these years (e.g. 2017 to 2019) will be provided as an option under ‘Year’ and ‘All’ will not be an option. See the footnotes for this indicator in the supplementary tables hyperlink below for further information.

See the XLS DownloadXLS Downloadsupplementary table for this indicator for further information and footnotes about these data.

Indicator technical specifications

The information below provides technical specifications for the summary indicator data presented in the XLS DownloadXLS Downloadquick reference guide.

National Framework Indicator 0.7 Child social and emotional wellbeing: Proportion of children aged 11-17 years scoring 'of-concern' on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire
  Definition Data source
Numerator Number of children aged 11–17 years who self-completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, and their total difficulties score was classified as 'of-concern' Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing
Denominator Number of children aged 11–17 years who self-completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing

Explanatory notes

The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was one of the modules included in the Australian Child and Adolescent Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing.

The SDQ is a brief behavioural screening questionnaire comprising five subscales of five items each. Items in four of these subscales (emotional problems, conduct problems, hyperactivity and peer problems) are combined to generate a total difficulties score. The total difficulties score can then be classified into three categories: normal, borderline, and of concern (also referred to as 'abnormal'). Scores in the 'of-concern' range indicate substantial risk of clinically significant problems.

The SDQ was designed so that approximately 10% of children all fall into the 'of-concern' range on the total difficulties score, based on the original normative British population.

This indicator reflects the results from the self-completed version of the SDQ for 11-17 year olds.

See the XLS DownloadXLS Downloadsupplementary table for this indicator for further information and footnotes about these data.