2.1 Participation

Children may be in care due to abuse or neglect, or because their family is unable to care for them (for example, due to illness or incarceration). It is important that children in care have the opportunity to participate in decision-making about their lives.

This indicator uses results from a national survey of children in care; those whose care arrangements have been ordered through the Children’s Court, where parental responsibility for the child or young person has been transferred to the Minister/Chief Executive.

Children were asked about whether they feel they get to have a say in what happens to them, and whether they feel listened to. As an additional explanatory factor, children were also asked whether someone explains the decisions made about them.

For all indicator displays, where all years of data are comparable over time an ‘All’ category will be provided as an option in the ‘Year’ drop down display. If only a selection of specific years are comparable, these years (e.g. 2017 to 2019) will be provided as an option under ‘Year’ and ‘All’ will not be an option. See the footnotes for this indicator in the supplementary tables hyperlink below for further information.

See the XLS Downloadsupplementary table for this indicator for further information and footnotes about these data.

Indicator technical specifications

The information below provides technical specifications for the summary indicator data presented in the XLS Downloadquick reference guide.

National Standards Indicator 2.1 Participation: Proportion of children and young people who report that they have opportunities to have a say in relation to decisions that have an impact on their lives and that they feel listened to
  Definition Data source
Numerator Number of children aged 8-17 years in care who report they usually get to have a say in what happens to them and people usually listen to what they say AIHW Out-of-home care survey national dataset
Denominator Number of responding children aged 8-17 years in the reference period AIHW Out-of-home care survey national dataset

Explanatory notes

Data are sourced from a national survey of children in care. Further interpretive information for the indicators, and background information on the survey, is provided in the AIHW report The views of children and young people in out-of-home care: overview of indicator results from second national survey, 2018.

Children ‘in care’ are those who were residing in out-of-home care (including foster care, relative/kinship care, family group homes, residential care and independent living), whose care arrangements had been ordered by the relevant Children’s Court and where the parental responsibility for the child had been transferred to the Minister or Chief Executive, and who had been on a relevant court order for three months or more. Please note that the titles of the relevant ‘Children’s Courts’ may vary across states/territories.

Children aged 8-17 years were asked three questions ‘Do you get to have a say in what happens to you, such as where you live, your school and learning, and your future?’, ‘Do people listen to what you say?’ and ‘Do people explain the decisions made about you?’ Each question had four response categories: All the time, Most of the time, Not very often, and Never. 

The numerator includes children who reported ‘All the time’ or ‘Most of the time’ to both questions.

The numerator and denominator exclude children with a ‘not stated’ response for one or both questions

See the XLS Downloadsupplementary table for this indicator for further information and footnotes about these data.