Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2020) Chronic kidney disease, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 27 June 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2020). Chronic kidney disease. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease
Chronic kidney disease. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 15 July 2020, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Chronic kidney disease [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2020 [cited 2022 Jun. 27]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2020, Chronic kidney disease, viewed 27 June 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease
Get citations as an Endnote file:
PDF | 569Kb
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) refers to all conditions of the kidney, lasting at least 3 months, affecting the filtration and removal of waste from the blood by the kidneys (indicating kidney dysfunction), and/or leakage of protein or albumin in the urine (indicating kidney damage). CKD is common, costly and often detected too late to be reversible, but it is largely preventable because many of its risk factors—high blood pressure, tobacco smoking, overweight and obesity, and impaired glucose regulation—are modifiable (Kidney Health Australia 2019).
There are usually no symptoms as the kidneys are still able to function when they are slightly damaged. This makes diagnosis difficult.
Level of waste (urea and creatinine) in the blood rises and the person starts to feel unwell. Kidney function slows down with increased urination.
Person requires dialysis or a transplant to stay alive.
Source: Adapted from Kidney Health Australia 2007; Kidney Health Australia 2015.
Kidney Health Australia 2007. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) management in general practice. Melbourne: Kidney Health Australia.
Kidney Health Australia 2015. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) management in general practice, 3rd edn. Melbourne: Kidney Health Australia. Viewed 23 April 2020.
Kidney Health Australia 2019. Evidence document: a compendium to the National Strategic Action Plan for Kidney Disease. Viewed 24 April 2020.
We'd love to know any feedback that you have about the AIHW website, its contents or reports.
The browser you are using to browse this website is outdated and some features may not display properly or be accessible to you. Please use a more recent browser for the best user experience.