Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2020) Arthritis, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 18 August 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2020). Arthritis. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-musculoskeletal-conditions/arthritis
Arthritis. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 25 August 2020, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-musculoskeletal-conditions/arthritis
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Arthritis [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2020 [cited 2022 Aug. 18]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-musculoskeletal-conditions/arthritis
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2020, Arthritis, viewed 18 August 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-musculoskeletal-conditions/arthritis
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Arthritis is an umbrella term for a wide range of inflammatory conditions affecting the bones, muscles and joints. This often results in pain, stiffness, swelling and redness in affected joints. Age, overweight and obesity, injury and genetic factors increase the risk of developing arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout are common types of arthritis.
Almost 1 in 3 (29%) of Australians had a musculoskeletal condition in 2017–18, an estimated 7.0 million people. Arthritis – including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and ‘other type and unknown’ – affects an estimated 3.6 million (15%) Australians, based on self-reported data from the ABS National Health Survey 2017–18 (ABS 2018). Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are the most common forms of arthritis (Figure 1):
Note: refers to people who self-reported that they were diagnosed by a doctor or nurse as having arthritis (current and long term) and also people who self-reported having arthritis.
Source: ABS 2018 (Data table).
According to self-reported data from the ABS 2018–19 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey (NATSIHS), the prevalence of arthritis among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people was 11%, affecting about 85,600 people – including about 8,800 who live in remote areas (5.9% of the remote Indigenous population).
After adjusting for age, more females (19%) were affected by the condition than males (13%), and the proportion of Indigenous Australians with arthritis (17%) was slightly higher than that for non-Indigenous Australians (13%) (Figure 2).
Note: Age-standardised to the Australian population as at 30 June 2001.
Source: ABS 2019 (Data table).
ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2018. National Health Survey: First Results, 2017–18. ABS cat. no. 4364.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS.
ABS 2019. National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey: First Results, Australia, 2018–19. ABS cat. no. 4715.0. Canberra: ABS.
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