Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2019. Asthma. Cat. no. ACM 33. Canberra: AIHW. Viewed 13 December 2019, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-respiratory-conditions/asthma
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2019). Asthma. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-respiratory-conditions/asthma
Asthma. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 30 August 2019, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-respiratory-conditions/asthma
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Asthma [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2019 [cited 2019 Dec. 13]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-respiratory-conditions/asthma
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2019, Asthma, viewed 13 December 2019, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/chronic-respiratory-conditions/asthma
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Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways. People with asthma experience episodes of wheezing, breathlessness and chest tightness due to widespread narrowing of the airways.
1 in 9 Australians had asthma in 2017–18 that had been diagnosed by a doctor or nurse based on self-reported survey data
441 deaths were due to asthma in 2017
Around 1 in 4 aged 15 and over with asthma had a written asthma action plan, based on 2017–18 self-reported survey data
Death from asthma is uncommon. Effective management can reduce the risk. In 2017, there were 441 deaths due to asthma in Australia (0.3% of all deaths), which corresponds to a mortality rate of 1.5 per 100,000 population. The statistics presented in this section relate to deaths where asthma was listed as the underlying cause of death.
During the past 5 years, for the majority of this time the rate of mortality due to asthma has remained at 1.5 deaths per 100,000 population. The rate did reach 1.6 deaths per 100,000 population in 2016.
Attribution of death due to asthma is more certain among those aged 5–34, thus this age group is commonly used for examining time trends. There has been little change in the rate of mortality due to asthma in this age group over the last 10 years, with the rate ranging from 0.2 to 0.4 per 100,000 population.
For information on long-term trends, see General Record of Incidence of Mortality (GRIM) books. For more information on how deaths are registered, coded and updated, see Deaths data.
Source: AIHW analysis of AIHW National Mortality Database (Data table).
Certain population groups have a higher mortality rate for asthma. Asthma mortality rates are higher for people living in more remote areas and for people living in areas of lower socioeconomic status . Asthma mortality rates are also higher among Indigenous Australians compared with non-Indigenous Australians after adjusting for differences in age structure. During the period from 2013 to 2017, the mortality rate for asthma among Indigenous Australians was 3.9 per 100,000 population, which was almost three times as likely as non-Indigenous Australians (1.5 per 100,000), based on the five jurisdictions with adequate Indigenous identification (NSW, Qld, NT, WA and SA).
The differences between these population subgroups may be due to differences in smoking rates, access to preventative health services, or other social and environmental factors. Smoking rates are higher among people living in more remote areas, among people living in areas of lower socioeconomic status, and among Indigenous Australians .
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