Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2021) Dementia in Australia., AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 02 December 2021
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2021). Dementia in Australia. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/dementia/dementia-in-aus
Dementia in Australia. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 20 September 2021, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/dementia/dementia-in-aus
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Dementia in Australia [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2021 [cited 2021 Dec. 2]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/dementia/dementia-in-aus
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2021, Dementia in Australia, viewed 2 December 2021, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/dementia/dementia-in-aus
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As of 30 June 2018, the Department of Veterans’ Affairs (DVA) estimated that there were 641,000 living Australian veterans who have ever served in the Australian Defence Force, either full time or in the reserves (AIHW 2018).
International studies suggest an increased prevalence of dementia among veterans compared to the general population, with veterans having an increased prevalence of risk factors for dementia including traumatic brain injury sustained through active duty, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depressive disorder (Rafferty 2018; Singer 2015).
Although there is limited dementia research specifically for Australian veterans, studies suggest that:
Further research is needed to better understand the relationship between dementia risk factors and prevalence of dementia among Australian veterans.
There are various aged care services available to veterans in Australia, including those with dementia. Other than the mainstream aged care services available to all Australians, veterans are able to access the Veterans Home Care Program for medical and personal care services and a DVA home care program to support clients to remain living independently. See Jim's story for how DVA services are currently helping Jim (who has Alzheimer's disease) to remain living at home on his own.
For more information on the expenditure from these programs for people with dementia, see Health and aged care expenditure on dementia.
AIHW 2018. A profile of Australia’s veterans 2018. Cat. no. PHE 235. Canberra: AIHW.
Dunt D, Doyle C, MacFarlane A, Morris P, Hunter C & Day S 2012. The Impact of War Experiences on Dementia in Veterans. Viewed 17 September 2020.
Rafferty LA, Cawkill PE, Setvelink SAM, Greenberg K & Greenberg N 2018. Dementia, post-traumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder: a review of the mental health risk factors for dementia in the military veteran population. Psychological Medicine 48: 1400-1409. Viewed 21 August 2020.
Roughead EE, Pratt NL, Kalisch Ellett LM, Ramsay EN, Barratt JD, Morris P, & Killer G. 2017. Posttraumatic stress disorder, antipsychotic use and risk of dementia in veterans. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 65(7): 1521-1526.
Singer CM 2015. Dementia risk factors in veterans. Journal of Aging Life Care. Viewed 29 June 2020.
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