Indicator 3.14 Deaths from diabetes
In 2018, diabetes contributed to around 16,700 deaths (as an underlying and/or associated cause)—67 deaths per 100,000 population.
After adjusting for age, death rates remained relatively stable from 1997–2018, fluctuating between 53 and 62 cases per 100,000 population (Figure 3.14.1).
Age and sex
Age-standardised diabetes-related death rates increased with age for both males and females. Overall, the age-standardised death rate was 1.7 times as high in males as females (68 and 41 deaths per 100,000 population, respectively) (Figure 3.14.1).
In 2018, diabetes-related death rates increased along with the levels of remoteness and socioeconomic disadvantage. The rate was twice as high among those living in Remote and Very remote areas as those living in Major cities (103 and 49 per 100,000 population, respectively) and more than twice as high among those living in the lowest socioeconomic areas as those living in the highest socioeconomic areas of Australia (77 and 33 deaths per 100,000 population, respectively) (Figure 3.14.2).
State and territory
Among the states and territories, rates in 2018 were highest in the Northern Territory and lowest in Western Australia (133 and 24 deaths per 100,000 population, respectively). Other states had rates ranging from 49 to 67 deaths per 100,000 population (Figure 3.14.2).
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander
There were around 629 diabetes-related deaths among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in 2018, a rate of 86 deaths per 100,000 population. Age-standardised rates were 4 times as high for Indigenous as non-Indigenous Australians (210 and 52 deaths per 100,000 population respectively) (Figure 3.14.2).
About the data
Diabetes is rarely listed as the underlying cause of death. A more complete picture of mortality is obtained by examining both diabetes as the underlying cause and associated cause of death. However, deaths from diabetes are known to be under-reported in national mortality statistics, as diabetes is often omitted from death certificates as a cause of death (Harding et al, 2014).
Deaths registered in 2016 and earlier are based on the final version of cause of death data. Deaths registered in 2017 and 2018 are based on the preliminary version; revised and preliminary versions are subject to further revision by the Australian Bureau of Statistics.
Explore the data
3.14 Deaths from diabetes (underlying or associated cause), by age group and sex, 1997 to 2018 and by selected population group, 2018