Diabetes is a chronic condition marked by high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood, caused by the body being unable to produce insulin (a hormone made by the pancreas to control blood glucose levels) or to use insulin effectively, or both. All people with type 1 diabetes, and a proportion of people with other forms of diabetes (such as type 2 diabetes), will require insulin replacement therapy to manage their condition. Incidence of insulin-treated diabetes in Australia 2016 presents the latest available data on new cases of type 1 diabetes, insulin-treated type 2 diabetes and insulin-treated gestational diabetes in Australia from the 2016 National (insulin-treated) Diabetes Register (NDR) .

New cases of insulin-treated diabetes in 2016 

According to the NDR, in 2016 there were 27,716 people who began using insulin to treat their diabetes:

  • 2,625 (9%) people were diagnosed with and began using insulin to treat type 1 diabetes
  • 16,371 (59%) people began using insulin to treat type 2 diabetes
  • 8,049 (29%) women began using insulin to treat gestational diabetes
  • 537 (2%) people began using insulin to treat other forms of diabetes.

Note: Proportions were calculated excluding those for whom diabetes was unknown (134 cases or 0.5% of total insulin-treated diabetes).