Blood pressure

High blood pressure—also known as hypertension—is a major risk factor for chronic conditions including:

  • stroke
  • coronary heart disease
  • heart failure
  • chronic kidney disease.

Risk factors for high blood pressure include:

  • poor diet (particularly a high salt intake)
  • obesity
  • excessive alcohol consumption
  • insufficient physical activity.

Based on measured data, among adults with disability:

  • 54% (more than half) have hypertension, comprised of
    • 32.3% with uncontrolled (or high) blood pressure
    • 21.4% with controlled blood pressure.

This is far higher than for adults without disability, of whom:

  • 27% have hypertension, comprised of
    • 19.8% uncontrolled blood pressure
    • 7.5% controlled blood pressure.

There was little difference by severity or sex but older adults (aged 65 and over) with disability (43%) are more likely than younger adults (aged 18–64) with disability (26%) to have uncontrolled blood pressure, similar to the pattern among those without disability.


ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2019. Microdata: National Health Survey, 2017–18. ABS cat. no. 4364.0.55.001. Canberra: ABS. Findings based on AIHW analysis of the main unit record file (MURF).