Level of personal income

A person’s level of income is associated with independence, feelings of security and financial freedom. Looking at a person’s income level can also provide insight into potential inequality in standard of living.

In general, people with disability, especially those with severe or profound disability, are more likely to have a lower level of income than people without disability. Of people aged 15 and over:

  • 35% with disability, and 44% with severe or profound disability, have a low level of income, compared with 29% without disability

  • 51% with disability, and 52% with severe or profound disability, are in the mid-range level of income, compared with 36% without disability

  • 14% with disability, and 5% with severe or profound disability, have a high level of income, compared with 35% without disability (Figure 1).

Females aged 15 and over with disability (34%) are equally as likely as their male counterparts (35%) to have a low level of income. This varies by level of disability. Of those aged 15 and over:

  • females with severe or profound disability (2.6%) are less likely to have a high level of income than females with other disability (13%)
  • males with severe or profound disability (7.2%) are less likely to have a high level of income than males with other disability (23%) (Figure 1).

Young people (aged 15–24) with disability (69%) are more likely to have a low level of income than those aged 25–64 (31%) and those aged 65 and over (34%). This is especially the case for young people with severe or profound disability, with 74% aged 15–24 having a low level of income (Figure 1).

Figure 1 Alternative text

Stacked column chart showing three levels of personal income for people with and without disability. The reader can select to display the chart by sex, by age group, including 15-24, 25-64, and 65+ years, and by disability status. The chart shows females with disability are less likely (10%) to earn $1,055 or more per week than those without disability (26%).

References

ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2016. Microdata: disability, ageing and carers, Australia, 2015. ABS cat. no. 4430.0.30.002. Canberra: ABS. AIHW analysis of TableBuilder.

Davidson P, Saunders P, Bradbury B & Wong M 2018. Poverty in Australia, 2018. ACOSS/UNSW poverty and inequality partnership report no. 2, Sydney: ACOSS. https://www.acoss.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/ACOSS_Poverty-in-Australia-Report_Web-Final.pdf

FWC (Fair Work Commission) 2018. Minimum wage. Canberra FWC 2018. https://www.fwc.gov.au/awards-and-agreements/minimum-wages-conditions