Level of personal income

A person’s level of income is associated with independence, feelings of security and financial freedom. Looking at a person’s income level can also provide insight into potential inequality in standard of living.

In general, people with disability, especially those with severe or profound disability, are more likely to have a lower level of income than people without disability. Of people aged 15 and over:

  • 35% with disability, and 44% with severe or profound disability, have a low level of income, compared with 29% without disability

  • 51% with disability, and 52% with severe or profound disability, are in the mid-range level of income, compared with 36% without disability

  • 14% with disability, and 5% with severe or profound disability, have a high level of income, compared with 35% without disability (Figure 1).

Females aged 15 and over with disability (34%) are equally as likely as their male counterparts (35%) to have a low level of income. This varies by level of disability. Of those aged 15 and over:

  • females with severe or profound disability (2.6%) are less likely to have a high level of income than females with other disability (13%)
  • males with severe or profound disability (7.2%) are less likely to have a high level of income than males with other disability (23%) (Figure 1).

Young people (aged 15–24) with disability (69%) are more likely to have a low level of income than those aged 25–64 (31%) and those aged 65 and over (34%). This is especially the case for young people with severe or profound disability, with 74% aged 15–24 having a low level of income (Figure 1).

References

ABS (Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2016. Microdata: disability, ageing and carers, Australia, 2015. ABS cat. no. 4430.0.30.002. Canberra: ABS. AIHW analysis of TableBuilder.

Davidson P, Saunders P, Bradbury B & Wong M 2018. Poverty in Australia, 2018. ACOSS/UNSW poverty and inequality partnership report no. 2, Sydney: ACOSS. https://www.acoss.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/ACOSS_Poverty-in-Australia-Report_Web-Final.pdf

FWC (Fair Work Commission) 2018. Minimum wage. Canberra FWC 2018. https://www.fwc.gov.au/awards-and-agreements/minimum-wages-conditions