Medical conditions

While multiple medical issues and health conditions often affect the need for care, specific conditions commonly associated with particular needs can simplify the picture.

Overall, the most common main medical conditions of younger people in permanent residential aged care are:

  • dementia (17%)
  • cancer (13%)
  • progressive neurological conditions, such as Huntington disease, Parkinson disease and motor neurone disorder (10%)
  • cerebrovascular disease (10%) (Table 1).

These results vary by age. For those aged under 50, for example, the most commonly reported main condition is progressive neurological disorder (19%), followed by cancer (13%).

Table 1: People who first entered permanent residential aged care aged under 65, main (first–listed) medical condition at assessment, by age group, 2013–14 (%)

Condition

Aged
under 50

Aged
50–59

Aged
60–64

Total

Dementia

6.5

14.5

20.4

16.6

Cancer

12.5

12.8

12.7

12.7

Progressive neurological disorder

18.5

9.6

8.6

10.0

Cerebrovascular disease

11.6

9.7

9.6

9.9

Intellectual, chromosomal or developmental disorder

10.8

8.7

5.9

7.5

Depression, other mood disorder or psychosis

1.7

6.9

7.0

6.4

Other nervous system disorder

6.5

4.5

4.6

4.7

Head injuries

6.9

3.7

2.2

3.3

Other

6.5

4.5

4.6

4.7

Source: AIHW analysis of PIAC 2014.