This report presents data from the National Rheumatic Heart Disease data collection, collated from the acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) registers in Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory. New South Wales register data are also summarised. The second version of the national guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis and management of ARF and RHD (released in 2012) is relevant to the data in this report. The third version of the guidelines (released in 2020) are not relevant for the data in this report, however may be used to provide definitions and explanations that have been better explained in the newer version.
ARF and RHD are preventable diseases affecting disadvantaged populations. This report shows that ARF rates increase with remoteness, and that rates are highest in Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Australians, females and in young people aged 5–14 years.