This report presents data from the National Rheumatic Heart Disease data collection, collated from the acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and rheumatic heart disease (RHD) registers in Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory. New South Wales register data are summarised also. The third version of the national guidelines for ARF and RHD management were released in February 2020. The 2nd version of the guidelines (released 2012) are relevant to the data in this report.
ARF and RHD are preventable diseases affecting disadvantaged populations. This report shows that ARF rates increase with remoteness, and that rates are highest in Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander Australians, females and in young people aged 5–14 years.