Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2021) Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 08 December 2022.
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2021). Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 29 September 2021, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts [Internet]. Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2021 [cited 2022 Dec. 8]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) 2021, Heart, stroke and vascular disease—Australian facts, viewed 8 December 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/heart-stroke-vascular-diseases/hsvd-facts
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Blood pressure is the force exerted by blood on the walls of the arteries, depending on whether the heart muscle is contracting (systolic blood pressure), or relaxing between contractions (diastolic blood pressure). High blood pressure, also known as raised blood pressure or hypertension, is where blood pressure is permanently higher than normal.
The World Health Organization defines high blood pressure as any of the following:
Blood pressure is considered to be uncontrolled if measured levels of systolic or diastolic blood pressure are high, regardless of the use of blood pressure medication.
The risk of stroke, coronary heart disease, heart failure, peripheral arterial disease and many other forms of CVD is directly related to high levels of blood pressure.
Drug treatment and changes to health-related behaviours such as weight loss, a healthy diet and physical activity are effective in lowering blood pressure.
In 2017–18, based on measured data from the National Health Survey:
The proportion of Australian adults with high blood pressure has remained stable since 2011–12.
The two line charts show the distribution of systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels by sex in 2017–18.
After adjusting for different population age structures:
Indigenous adults were more likely to have high blood pressure in 2018–19 than non-Indigenous adults (37% and 29%) (AIHW & NIAA 2020).
AIHW 2019. High blood pressure. Cat. no. PHE 250. Canberra: AIHW.
AIHW & NIAA (National Indigenous Australians Agency) 2020. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Performance Framework 2020 web report. Measure 1.07 High blood pressure. Canberra: AIHW.
Whitworth JA 2003. 2003 World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension statement on management of hypertension. Journal of Hypertension 21:1983–92.
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