SHS other outcomes national cube metadata

This page supports the use of the SHS other outcomes national cube. The data within this cube relate to the 2011–12 to 2014–15 financial years.

You can find information on:

  • the data items available in this cube
  • explanatory notes that outline some of the important aspects of the data in this cube
  • a series of examples on how to query the data in this cube.

Under the section Available data items you will find a list of all the data items available for analysis in this cube. This list provides a brief explanation of the data item’s response categories, as well as a brief description of the rules used for determining a client’s response.

Under the section Explanatory notes you will find information that is useful for interpreting and analysing the SHSC data generally and this cube specifically. This section will cover information on the SHSC client conceptual framework, that is, how client’s responses are recorded and the rules used to decide which response is used at the client level. More specifically, this relates to some of the more technical aspects of the data, such as explaining the first/last reported data items, majority data items and summative data items.

Available data items

Data item Category Status Flags(a) for Data item

Age Group

The age of the client at the beginning of their first support period in the reporting period or the age of the client at the beginning of the reporting period—whichever occurs later.

0−9 

10−14

15−17

18−19

20−24

25−29

30−34

35−39

40−44

45−49

50−54

55−59

60−64

65+

n.p.—Client age is not published to protect the confidentiality of client information.

First reported

Care or Protection Order

Yes—client was aged under 18 years, and in at least one support period within the reporting period, reported being under a care and protection order, and

  • reported one of the following care arrangements:
    • residential care,
    • family group home,
    • relatives/kin/friends (reimbursed),
    • foster care,
    • other home-based care (reimbursed),
    • relatives/kin/friends (not reimbursed), or
    • independent living; or
  • reported ‘transition from foster care/child safety residential placements’ as a reason for seeking assistance.

No—client was not identified as being under a care or protection order within the reporting period.

Ever reported

Case Management Goals Achieved(b) 

The extent to which the client achieved their case management goals, as recorded by the agency worker. 

None—no case management goals were achieved for the client, in any of their support periods in the reporting period.

Some—the client achieved at least one of their case management goals, but did not complete all of their case management goals, in any of their support periods in the reporting period.

All—the client achieved all of their case management goals, in all of their support periods in the reporting period.

Invalid—there was no valid response for the client for this data item in the reporting period.

Ever reported

Case Management Plan

Whether a personal plan or a support agreement was in-place for ths client, as recorded by the agency worker. 

Yes—the client had a case management plan in place for any of their support periods.

No—the client did not have a case management plan in place for any of their support periods. Includes clients where a case management plan was not developed or finalised, clients who refused a case management plan, and children covered by their parent/guardian’s case management plan.

Ever reported

Closed Support

Yes—if all support periods for the client in the reporting period are closed.

n/a

 

No—if any of the support periods for the client in the reporting period are ongoing.

 

Domestic violence

Yes—in at least one support period within the reporting period:

  • the client reported ‘domestic and family violence’ as a reason for seeking assistance, or
  • the client was assessed as having a need for ‘domestic or family violence assistance'.

No—client was not identified as experiencing domestic violence within the reporting period.

Ever reported

Education enrolment

Yes, preschool student—Enrolled, either full or part time, in an accredited preschool teaching institution, during the school year.

Yes, primary school student—Enrolled, either full or part time, in an accredited teaching institution providing instruction up to the end of primary school.

Yes, secondary school student—Enrolled, either full or part-time, in an accredited teaching institution providing instruction from the start of secondary schooling up to year 12. Includes secondary school education at a TAFE or college.

Yes, university student—Part or full time attendance at university.

Yes, vocational education and training—Receives a training allowance such as Newstart or are required by their employer to attend a post-secondary institution for job training, or is participating in education in order to enhance employment opportunities (such as migrant English classes and job readiness training), or was enrolled in a vocational education course at a TAFE or other type of vocational institution. Includes undertaking an apprenticeship.

Yes, other education or training—Undertaking any other education and training not classified above i.e. non-award study (including post-school options).

Yes, not stated

No—the client indicated they were not undertaking any formal study or training.

Don’t know

Invalid or missing

First reported, last reported

Exiting Care

Yes—in at least one support period within the reporting period:

  • the client had a dwelling type of:
    • hospital (excluding psychiatric),
    • psychiatric hospital or unit,
    • disability support,
    • rehabilitation, or
    • aged care facility; or
  • One of their reasons for seeking assistance was:
    • transition from foster care/child safety residential placements, or
    • transition from other care arrangements.

No—client was not identified as exiting care within the reporting period.

Ever reported

Exiting Custody

Yes—client is aged 10 years or older, and in at least one support period within the reporting period:

  • the client had a dwelling type of:
    • adult correctional facility,
    • youth or juvenile justice detention centre, or
    • immigration detention centre; or
  • the client reported ‘transition from custodial arrangements’ as a reason for seeking assistance, or
  • the formal referral source to the SHS agency was:
    • youth or juvenile justice correction centre, or
    • adult correctional facility.

No—client was not identified as transitioning from a custodial setting within the reporting period.

Ever reported

Indigenous Status

Indigenous—if the client identifies as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander in any of their support periods during the reporting period.

Non-Indigenous—if the client identifies as neither Aboriginal nor Torres Strait Islander, and does not identify as Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander in any of their support periods during the reporting period.

Not stated—if the client does not provide any information on their Indigenous status, in any of their support periods during the reporting period.

Ever reported

Labour force status(c)

Employed, full time— working 35 hours or more in a week (in all paid jobs).

Employed, part time—working less than 35 hours or more in a week (in all paid jobs).

Employed, not stated—the client indicated they were employed, but did not provide any information on how many hours a week they work.

Unemployed

Not in the labour force—Not employed or unemployed. Includes clients who were keeping house (unpaid), retired, voluntarily inactive, permanently unable to work, in institutions (e.g. hospitals, prisons, sanatoriums), trainee teachers, members of contemplative religious orders, and whose only activity during the reference week was jury service or unpaid voluntary work for a charitable organisation.

Don’t know

Invalid or missing

First reported, last reported

Living arrangement

Lone person—The client lives alone. This includes living alone (without family) in an institution.

One parent with child(ren)—The client is a single parent living with their child(ren), or the client is a child living with their parent. Includes step and adopted parent/child relationships.

Couple with child(ren)—The client is a parent living with their spouse/partner and their child(ren), or, the client is a child living with both parents. Includes step and adopted parent/child relationships.

Couple without child(ren)—The client is living with their spouse/partner only.

Other family—includes all other groups with related individuals, including siblings and families of more than two generations.

Group—includes two or more unrelated persons who live together.

Don’t know

Invalid or missing

First reported, last reported

Main source of income(c)

Newstart allowance

Parenting payment

Disability support pension (Centrelink)

Youth allowance

Age pension

Austudy/ABSTUDY

Disability pension (Department of Veteran’s Affairs)

Service pension (Department of Veteran’s Affairs))

War widow(er’s) pension (including income support supplement) (Department of Veteran’s Affairs)

Sickness allowance

Carer allowance

Carer payment

Other government pensions and allowances not elsewhere classified

Employee income

Unincorporated business income

Other income not elsewhere classified— Other sources of income not listed above, such as interest, dividends from shares, royalties, workers compensation, payments from accident/sickness insurance, scholarships, superannuation pensions, annuities, etc.

Nil income—the client reports having either no money coming in, only a small and irregular amount of money coming in, or no money coming in and dependence upon someone else’s income. Includes clients aged under 15 years who were not asked to report their main source of income.

Awaiting government benefit—the client reports receiving nil income, or a don’t know or missing/invalid main source of income is recorded for the client, and the client reports they are registered for a government benefit, pension or allowance and are awaiting their first payment.

Don’t know—a don’t know response is recorded for the client’s main source of income, and they have not indicated that they are are registered for a government benefit, pension or allowance and are awaiting a government benefit.

Invalid or missing

First reported, last reported

Mental Health Issue(d) 

Yes—client is aged 10 years or older, and in at least one support period within the reporting period:

  • reported ‘mental health issues’ as a reason for seeking assistance; or
  • was assessed as having a need for psychological services, psychiatric services or mental health services; or
  • was formally referred to the agency by a mental health service; or
  • had been in a psychiatric hospital or unit in the last 12 months; or
  • had a dwelling type of psychiatric hospital or unit.

No—client was not identified as having a mental health issue within the reporting period.

Ever reported

Reason No Case Management Plan

The reason why there was no case management plan for the client, as recorded by the agency worker. 

Client did not agree to one—the client was asked about formulating a plan, but they did not agree to do so.

Service episode too short—A case management plan was not appropriate for the client due to the length of the service episode (support period).

Part of another person’s case management plan—the client is covered by another person’s case management plan. For example a child accompanying an adult.

Other—a case management plan was not formulated for some other reason.

Invalid—a case management plan was in place.

Majority

Sex

The sex of the client.

Male

Female

First reported

State/Territory

The state/territory where the client received support (i.e. had a support period). Note: Clients can be counted in more than one state/territory.

NSW

Vic

Qld

SA

WA

Tas

NT

ACT

Summative

Year

The financial year reference period.

n.a.

Note

  1. Status flags relate to the point in time a client’s information is recorded for the client. For more information see Status flags below.
  2. This cube can produce counts for both clients with or without closed support. Please note that the SHSC annual report only describes the extent to which case management goals are achieved for clients with closed support (i.e. for whom all support periods in the reporting period were closed). This cube may produce differences in SA estimates than in other publications due to differences in the preparation of source data.
  3. Information on Labour force status and Main source of income does not include clients who are aged less than 15 years.
  4. The derivation for mental health status has changed over time. From 2014–15, the data relates to all clients (including clients aged up to 10 years), while the previous data relates to clients aged over 10 years only.

Explanatory notes

Clients in the SHSC

Data in this cube relate to clients who access specialist homelessness services. To present information on clients in the SHSC requires some modification of the data received from specialist homelessness services. This is because information received from specialist homelessness agencies relates to support periods (or service episodes). That is, all information collected of a person, relates to the time in which they started receiving services from an agency to when they stopped receiving services from that agency—a support period.

To create clients from support periods, a client conceptual framework was developed. The client conceptual framework essentially outlines certain rules to follow when determining the appropriate support period information for a client.

While this can be quite complicated and detailed, the following three broad points are most important to consider when interpreting and analysing client-level information in this and other client-level cubes:

  • A client can have multiple support periods
  • Some information is only collected at the beginning of a client’s support period and some information is only collected at the end of the client’s support period
  • For support periods that span more than one month, some information is collected in each month that the support period is open.

It is important to consider clients with multiple support periods as they can potentially have different responses to the same questions. For example, for the Indigenous status data item in this cube, a client may have identified as Aboriginal and/or Torres Strait Islander (Indigenous) in one support period and identified as non-Indigenous in another. To create one Indigenous status for this client, one of these responses needs to be reported.

For information that is collected at different times in the support period, the decision on which response to report is dependent on what analysis is being performed on the data. For example, with the data in this cube, you may wish to analyse the labour force outcomes of the client. To do this, you will most likely want to analyse the clients labour force status when they first reported to an agency—their first reported status—with their labour force status at the end of the reporting period—their last reported status.

Status flags

To account for all of these aspects of creating client-level data from support period data, ‘status flags’ have been created.

The status flags available in this cube are as follows:

Ever flag—Reports response categories for a client if they have ever provided that response in the reference period. Where there are multiple responses to the same data item, a hierarchy is created for the response categories within that data item.

The category at the top of the hierarchy is reported if the client ever provides this response in the reporting period, and the second category in the hierarchy is reported if the client ever provides this response within in the reporting period, but not the category above it in the hierarchy, and so on.

For example, taking the example of Indigenous status used above, the category hierarchy is as follows; ‘Indigenous’, ‘non-Indigenous’, ‘don’t know’, ‘invalid/missing’. So, if a client provides ‘Indigenous’ as a response in any of their support periods within the reporting period, they will be recorded as being an Indigenous client.

First reported flag—the response recorded for the client when they first presented to an agency in their support period with the earliest start date in the reference period.

For example, for a client with two support periods in 2011–12, one beginning on 1 July 2011 and another beginning on 7 July 2011, their labour force status first reported will equate to the information they provided at the beginning of the support period that began on 1 July 2011.

Last reported flag—the response recorded for the client with the latest date in the reference period.

For example, a client with a support period ending 10 June 2012 and another that ended on 25 June 2012, their labour force status last reported will equate to the information they provided at the end of their support period that ended on 25 June. Similarly, if the client had a support period that was ongoing at the end of June 2012, their labour force status last reported will equate to the information they provided at the end of June 2012.

Majority flag—the answer provided most often by the client in the reference period.

For example, if a client has three support periods in the reference period, and for their ‘Reason no case management plan’ information, provide the response ‘Part of another person’s case management plan’ in two of their support periods, and ‘Service episode too short’ in one of their support periods, ‘Part of another person’s case management plan’ will be the response reported for that client.

If the client has an equal number of responses between multiple support periods, a defined order of responses is used to determine which response to report for the client. For example, for the ‘Reason no case management plan’ data item, the order of responses is: ‘Service episode too short’, ‘Client did not agree to one’, ‘Part of another person’s case management plan’, and ‘Other.’

Summative—reports every response recorded for the client in the reference period.

For example, a client who received services in New South Wales and Victoria will have a response recorded in the ‘State/Territory’ data item for both of these states. It is important to remember that the total number of responses for data items with a summative status flags can potentially add to more than the number of clients.

Note: You may notice that when the ‘State/Territory’ data item is not included in the table, the ‘Applied filters’ section, located above the table, will show all states and territories are included in the table. In this instance, this does not mean the number of responses included in the table add to more than the number of clients. It is only when the State territory flag is included in the table that the number of responses will add to more than the number of clients in the reference period.