AIHW (2015) Specialist homelessness services 2014–15, AIHW, Australian Government, accessed 09 December 2022.
AIHW . (2015). Specialist homelessness services 2014–15. Retrieved from https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2014-15
Specialist homelessness services 2014–15. AIHW , 11 December 2015, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2014-15
AIHW . Specialist homelessness services 2014–15 [Internet]. Canberra: AIHW , 2015 [cited 2022 Dec. 9]. Available from: https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2014-15
AIHW (AIHW) 2015, Specialist homelessness services 2014–15, viewed 9 December 2022, https://www.aihw.gov.au/reports/homelessness-services/specialist-homelessness-services-2014-15
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Accommodation services include short-term or emergency accommodation, medium-term/transitional housing, assistance to obtain long term housing, assistance to sustain tenancy or prevent tenancy failure or eviction and assistance to prevent foreclosures or for mortgage arrears.
At risk of homelessness
A person is described as at risk of homelessness if they are at risk of losing their accommodation or they are experiencing one or more of a range of factors or triggers that can contribute to homelessness.
Risk factors include:
The measurement of this concept in the SHSC is defined in the Data derivation section.
A Specialist homelessness agency client is a person who receives a specialist homelessness service. A client can be of any age. Children are also clients if they receive a service from a specialist homelessness agency. To be a client the person must:
Client with a current mental health issue
SHS clients with a current mental health issue are identified as such if they have provided any of the following information:
Client with a disability
SHS clients with a disability are identified as such if at any time they have provided the following information:
The definition used to identify clients with a disability (for the purposes of analyses for this report) is similar to that used for ABS Census questions that measure 'core activity need for assistance'. The Census questions are a simplified version of the comprehensive questions used in the ABS Survey of Disability and Carers (SDAC). The Census's simplified questions are conceptually comparable with 'severe or profound core activity limitation' in the SDAC.
The ABS Census aims to identify people who need assistance in their day-to-day lives with any or all of the following core activities: self-care, mobility or communication (ABS 2012b). The SHSC takes a similar approach in gathering information from clients of specialist homelessness services about disability.
To align with the ABS definition of 'core activity need for assistance', clients who did not report needing assistance (such as 'have difficulty but don't need help/supervision' or 'don't have difficulty, but use aids/equipment') with self-care, mobility or communication are not included as clients needing assistance with disability for SHS analyses.
Disability measurement in the SHSC
Measuring disability in the SHSC.
A long-term health condition is one that has lasted, or is expected to last, 6 months or more. Examples of long-term health conditions that might restrict everyday activities include severe asthma, epilepsy, mental health conditions, hearing loss, arthritis, autism, kidney disease, chronic pain, speech impediment and stroke.
Disability is a general term that covers:
• impairments in body structures or functions (for example, loss or abnormality of a body part)
• limitations in everyday activities (such as difficulty bathing or managing daily routines)
• restrictions in participation in life situations (such as needing special arrangements to attend work).
The SHSC collects information on whether and to what extent a long-term health condition or disability restricts clients' everyday activities across the following 3 life areas:
• Self-care—the client needs help/supervision with self-care (e.g. showering or bathing, dressing or undressing, using the toilet or eating food)
• Mobility—the client needs help/supervision with mobility (e.g. moving around the house, moving around outside the home, or getting into or out of a chair)
• Communication—the client needs help/supervision with communication (e.g. understanding or being understood by other people, including people they know).
A person is defined as homeless if they are living in either:
Non-conventional accommodation (primary homeless) is defined as:
This definition aligns closely with the cultural definition of primary homelessness.
Short-term or emergency accommodation (secondary homeless) includes:
This definition aligns closely with the cultural definition of secondary homelessness.
Based on the ABS definition, the state of a person who does not have suitable accommodation alternatives and whose current living arrangement:
Note: 'Homelessness' can be defined in different ways for different purposes.
The measurement of Homelessness in the SHSC is defined in the Data derivation section.
Other support services
Other support services refer to the assistance, other than accommodation services, provided to a client. Includes domestic/family violence services, mental health services, family/relationship assistance, disability services, drug/alcohol counselling, legal/financial services, immigration/cultural services, other specialist services and general assistance and support.
Specialist homelessness agency
A specialist homelessness agency is an organisation which receives government funding to deliver specialist homelessness services to a client. These can be either not-for-profit and for profit agencies.
Specialist homelessness service(s)
Specialist homelessness service(s) is assistance provided by a specialist homelessness agency to a client aimed at responding to or preventing homelessness. The specialist homelessness services in scope for this collection include accommodation provision, assistance to sustain housing, domestic/family violence services, mental health services, family/relationship assistance, disability services, drug/alcohol counselling, legal/financial services, immigration/cultural services, other specialist services and general assistance and support.
Australian Bureau of Statistics
Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute
Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
Care and Protection Order
Department of Social Services
National Affordable Housing Agreement
National Disability Insurance Scheme
National Partnership Agreement on Homelessness
Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers
Specialist Homelessness Services
Specialist Homelessness Services Collection
statistical linkage key
nil or rounded to zero
not publishable because of small numbers, confidentiality or other concerns about the quality of the data
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