Summarises data on the hospital care of the nearly six million people admitted annually to public and private hospitals in Australia, and on characteristics of Australia's public hospitals. A wealth of information is available including the age, sex and diagnoses of people admitted to hospital and the procedures they underwent. The information on diagnoses, procedures and external causes of injury and poisoning are reported using the new International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Australian Modification (ICD-10-AM). Casemix information is included for the first time using version 4 of the AR-DRG Classification. Information on Australia's hospitals includes the numbers of hospitals and hospital beds in Australia, and key statistics on the resources, expenditure and revenue of public hospitals and on the services they provide. Data on a range of hospital performance indicators are also reported, using the nationally agreed framework for public hospital performance indicators.