Reducing preventable vision loss has recently been identified as a priority by Australian governments and non-government organisations. 'Eye health in Australia: a hospital perspective' is the first in a series of national reports providing an overview of eye health in Australia. The report presents information about the treatment of eye disorders in Australian hospitals. This includes trends in hospitalisations, differences across population groups, treatment costs, and waiting times. The report is a valuable resource for policy makers, health professionals, advocacy groups and others interested in knowing more about eye health in Australia.