2.05 Education outcomes for young people

This measure reports on apparent retention rates for students in Year 10 and Year 12, and Year 12 attainment rates.

Why is it important?

This measure reports on the rates of Indigenous students who stay in education through Year 10 and Year 12, as well as Indigenous students Year 12 attainment rates. Higher levels of education are associated with better health outcomes through greater health literacy as well as better prospects for socioeconomic status (including income and employment), which supports better access to safe and healthy housing, as well as healthy lifestyle choices such as regularly eating fruit and vegetables, and not smoking (Clark & Utz 2014).

Research in the US found that mortality declined at a faster pace for those with more education, with a 7‑year increase in life expectancy for college‑educated students (Wong et al. 2002). International literature also documents that increased levels of maternal education leads to lower child mortality, due to various factors, including a better understanding of health services and a greater willingness to access them.

Related measures

Data sources

  • National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey
  • National Schools Statistics Collection
  • Survey of Education and Work


  • Clark ML & Utz SW 2014. Social determinants of type 2 diabetes and health in the United States. World Journal of Diabetes 5:296.
  • Wong MD, Shapiro MF, Boscardin WJ & Ettner SL 2002. Contribution of major diseases to disparities in mortality. New England Journal of Medicine 347:1585–92