OSR - introduction

Comprehensive and culturally appropriate primary health care services play a key role in improving the health and wellbeing of Indigenous Australians through prevention, early intervention, health education, and the timely identification and management of physical and psychological issues.

To this end, the Australian Government provides funding through its Indigenous Australians’ Health Programme (IAHP) to organisations delivering Indigenous-specific primary health care services (referred to hereafter as organisations). These organisations, designed to be accessible to Indigenous clients, are administered and run by:

  • Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisations (ACCHOs)
  • non-ACCHOs:
    • state/territory/local health services
    • non-government organisations (NGOs) (a small proportion of services).

They vary in size, location, governance structure, length of time in operation, workforce composition, additional sources of funding, the services they offer, the ways in which they operate (for example, stand-alone or part of a consortium), and the needs of their clients (see also Introduction). What they all share in common is a holistic approach to meeting the needs of their Indigenous clients, which often involves addressing a complex mix of health conditions.

Each organisation provides contextual information about their organisation to the Online Services Report (OSR) collection once each financial year (covering the period 1 July–30 June). The OSR data presented in this report exclude the small number of organisations that received funding only for maternal and child health services unless otherwise noted (see OSR - summary over time for selected data from these organisations and Interpreting OSR data for more information).

The following boxes show key results for 2020–21. Clicking on a box will go to more information on the selected topic.