Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander specific primary health care organisations play a critical role in improving the health of Indigenous Australians. In 2019–20:

Most of these organisations provide data on a set of 24 process-of-care and health-outcome indicators for Indigenous Australians, focusing on maternal and child health, preventative health, and chronic disease management. At June 2020, these showed that, for Indigenous regular clients (an Indigenous client who has visited a particular primary health care organisation 3 or more times in the previous 2 years):