Comprehensive and culturally appropriate primary health care services play a key role in improving the health and wellbeing of Indigenous Australians through prevention, early intervention, health education, and the timely identification and management of physical and psychological issues (Griew et al. 2008).

To this end, the Australian Government provides funding through its Indigenous Australians’ Health Programme (IAHP) to organisations delivering Indigenous-specific primary health care services (referred to hereafter as organisations). These organisations, designed to be accessible to Indigenous clients, are administered and run by:

  • Aboriginal Community-Controlled Health Organisations (ACCHOs)
  • state/territory/local health services
  • non-government organisations (NGOs) (a small proportion of services).

They vary in size, location, governance structure, length of time in operation, workforce composition, sources of funding, the services they offer, the ways in which they operate (for example, stand-alone or part of a consortium), and the needs of their clients. What they all share in common is a holistic approach to meeting the needs of their Indigenous clients, which often involves addressing a complex mix of health conditions.

Each organisation provides contextual information about their organisation to the Online Services Report (OSR) collection once each financial year (covering the period 1 July–30 June). The OSR includes all activities of the organisations, regardless of the percentage of those activities funded by the IAHP.

The OSR data presented in this report exclude the small number of organisations that received funding only for maternal and child health services unless otherwise noted (see Summary over time for selected data from these organisations and Interpreting OSR data for more information).

The following boxes show key results for 2019–20. Clicking on a box will go to more information on the selected topic.


Griew R, Tilton E, Cox W, Thomas D 2008. The link between primary health care and health outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians. Waverly, NSW: Robert Griew Consulting.