Blood pressure result—type 2 diabetes (PI23 and PI24)

Indicators related to blood pressure in the national Key Performance Indicators (nKPI) collection are:

  • the proportion of Indigenous regular clients with type 2 diabetes whose blood pressure result was recorded in the last 6 months
  • the proportion of Indigenous regular clients with type 2 diabetes whose blood pressure result recorded in the last 6 months was less than or equal to 140/90mmHg. There have been changes to the specification of this indicator over time. See Technical notes for more information.

Why blood pressure result is important

Blood pressure is the force exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries and is written as systolic/diastolic (for example, 120/80 mmHg, stated as '120 over 80'). High blood pressure—also known as hypertension—is a risk factor for chronic conditions, including stroke, coronary heart disease, heart failure and chronic kidney disease. Managing a healthy blood pressure can reduce the risk and slow the progression of chronic conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, nephropathy, and diabetic eye disease.

People with type 2 diabetes have a higher risk of developing high blood pressure. The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) diabetes management guidelines note that the general target blood pressure for people with type 2 diabetes is generally less than or equal to 140/90 mmHg (RACGP 2020).

Blood pressure result recorded—type 2 diabetes (PI23)

This indicator is the proportion of Indigenous regular clients with type 2 diabetes whose blood pressure result was recorded in the last 6 months.

It is collected for males and females in age groups from 0–4 to 65 and over. It is presented here for males and females in age groups:

  • under 35
  • 35–44
  • 45–54
  • 55–64
  • 65 and over.

At June 2021, 64% of Indigenous regular clients with type 2 diabetes had their blood pressure result recorded in the last 6 months.

This was highest in:

  • Queensland (68%)
  • Major cities (68%)
  • Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisations (ACCHOs) (68%).

Blood pressure result recorded—type 2 diabetes, by either state/territory, remoteness or organisation type, reporting period

Two Tableau visualisations are presented here. The first shows the percentage of Indigenous regular clients with type 2 diabetes who had their blood pressure recorded in the last 6 months for either:

  • state/territory (NSW/ACT, Vic, Qld, WA, SA, Tas, NT, Australia)
  • remoteness area (Major cities, Inner regional, Outer regional, Remote, Very remote, Australia)
  • organisation type (ACCHO, non-ACCHO, Total).

Reporting periods of either June 2017, December 2017, June 2018, December 2018, June 2019, December 2019, June 2020, December 2020 or June 2021 can be selected.

The second visualisation shows the selected information from the first visualisation by sex (male, female) and age group (<35, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65+).

Data supporting this visualisation are available in Excel supplementary data tables at Data.

Blood pressure result—type 2 diabetes (PI24)

This indicator is the proportion of Indigenous regular clients with type 2 diabetes whose blood pressure result recorded in the last 6 months was less than or equal to 140/90mmHg.

It is collected for males and females in age groups:

  • under 35
  • 35–44
  • 45–54
  • 55–64
  • 65 and over.

At June 2021, 65% of Indigenous regular clients with type 2 diabetes had a blood pressure result recorded in the last 6 months of less than or equal to 140/90mmHg.

This was highest in:

  • the Northern Territory (67%)
  • Very remote and Outer regional areas (both 66%)
  • organisations other than Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisations (non-ACCHOs) (66%).

Blood pressure result—type 2 diabetes, by either state/territory, remoteness or organisation type, reporting period

Two Tableau visualisations are presented here. The first shows the percentage of Indigenous regular clients with type 2 diabetes who had a blood pressure result of less than or equal to 140/90mmHg in the last 6 months for either:

  • state/territory (NSW/ACT, Vic, Qld, WA, SA, Tas, NT, Australia)
  • remoteness area (Major cities, Inner regional, Outer regional, Remote, Very remote, Australia)
  • organisation type (ACCHO, non-ACCHO, Total).

Reporting periods of either June 2017, December 2017, June 2018, December 2018, June 2019, December 2019, June 2020, December 2020 or June 2021 can be selected.

The second visualisation shows the selected information from the first visualisation by sex (male, female) and age group (<35, 35–44, 45–54, 55–64, 65+).

Data supporting this visualisation are available in Excel supplementary data tables at Data.

Reference

RACGP (The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners) (2020) Management of type 2 diabetes: a handbook for general practice, East Melbourne, Vic: RACGP.