Summary

This is the fourth annual report from the National Rheumatic Heart Disease (RHD) data collection. It presents information on acute rheumatic fever (ARF) and RHD in Australia drawn from the established jurisdictional registers in New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory, from 2016–2020. Throughout the report, some data from New South Wales are incorporated with figures from other jurisdictions and some remain separate, depending on comparability between jurisdictions.

At 31 December 2020, there were 9,158 people living with a diagnosis of ARF and/or RHD recorded on clinical registers in New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia, South Australia and the Northern Territory. Of these, 2,886 people (32%) had only ARF recorded, 3,197 people (35%) had only RHD recorded, and 3,075 people (34%) had both ARF and RHD recorded.

Individual reports and data tables for each of the states and territories contributing to the national collection are available at the links below.

State and territory data