Goal 17: Blood pressure tests—people with type 2 diabetes

This indicator reports on the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with type 2 diabetes who had a blood pressure test in the previous 6 months and are regular clients attending Indigenous specific primary health care services. The goal for this indicator is 70% by 2023.

Why is it important?

Chronic conditions, including diabetes, are the leading causes of illness, disability and death among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Effective management and monitoring of diabetes, including regular blood pressure tests, can delay the progression of disease, improve quality of life and increase life expectancy.

What data are available?

In the absence of national data on Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with type 2 diabetes who have regular blood pressure tests, this indicator uses data from the Indigenous primary health care national Key Performance Indicators (nKPIs) data collection. These data pertain to Indigenous regular clients. A regular client is defined as a client who has attended the primary health care organisation at least 3 times in the last 2 years.

What do the data show?

Progress towards the goal is not on track.

  • The proportion of Indigenous regular clients with type 2 diabetes who had their blood pressure result recorded with the previous 6 months increased from 64% in June 2017 to 66% in December 2019.
  • From June 2017, the rates were consistently below the trajectory required to meet the goal in 2023.

Nationally, in December 2019, among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander regular clients with type 2 diabetes:

  • 66% had their blood pressure result recorded within the previous 6 months, which is below the trajectory point (68%) required to meet the goal for 2023.
  • the proportion who had their blood pressure result recorded was lowest in the Northern Territory (62%) and highest in Western Australia (72%).

Figure 17.1: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander regular clients with type 2 diabetes who had a blood pressure test result recorded in the previous 6 months

The figure shows the baseline data, from June 2012 to June 2014, the trajectory towards the goal, from December 2014 [RC1] to June 2023. New data show the proportion of Indigenous regular clients with type 2 diabetes who had a blood pressure test result recorded in the previous 6 months from December 2014 to December 2019. Most recent data from December 2019 show that 66.4% of Indigenous clients had a result recorded in the previous 6 months.

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Figure 17.2: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander regular clients with type 2 diabetes who had a blood pressure test result recorded in the previous 6 months, by age group, December 2019

The figure shows that the rate of blood pressure test results recorded among regular clients with type 2 diabetes generally increases with age. Differences by sex are most pronounced in the youngest age group. Among those aged less than 15, females are more likely to have a result recorded (54.9%) than males (43.9%).

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Figure 17.3: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander regular clients with type 2 diabetes who had a blood pressure test result recorded in the previous 6 months, June 2019 and December 2019

The figure shows the rate of blood pressure test results recorded among regular clients with type 2 diabetes by remoteness. Between June 2012 and June 2019, rates increased in Major cities (from 65.2% to 70.0%), but decreased in Remote areas (from 67.7% to 62.7%).

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Figure 17.4: Organisations' results against the 2019 trajectory and 2023 goal for blood pressure test results recorded, December 2019

The figure shows the proportion of services on the x-axis and the per cent of clients with a result recorded on the y axis. Two lines are drawn across the chart to show the December 2019 IP goal and the 2023 IP goal. The graph shows that 44% of services had 68.1% or more of clients with a result recorded (the December 2019 goal).

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