Table of contents

  • Acknowledgments
  • Abbreviations
  • Summary
    • Access to services
    • Association with area-level maternal risk factor and birth outcomes
  • 1 Introduction
    • Background
    • Role of services
    • Structure of the report
  • 2 Methodology
    • Types of services
    • Geographic level of analysis
    • Geographic levels for spatial analyses and reporting
      • Drive time analyses
      • Proportions of women of child-bearing age within/outside a 1 hour drive time to a service
      • Association between spatial accessibility and outcome variables
    • Methods: spatial accessibility
      • Examining the association between access and outcomes
    • Data sources
      • Service locations
        • Birthing units
        • ISPHCSs with antenatal/maternal services
        • RFDS locations
        • GP practice locations
        • Services not able to be included
      • Population data
      • Maternal risk factors and birth outcomes
      • Summary of sources
      • Data limitations
        • Services included in the analyses
        • Access to services
        • Antenatal care
        • Implications
  • 3 Service accessibility
    • Birthing units
      • Drive time to hospitals with public birthing units
    • Spatial accessibility of antenatal and postnatal services
      • Drive time analyses
  • 4 Associations between access to services, maternal risk factors and birth outcomes
    • Descriptive statistics
    • Statistical analyses
      • Statistically significant correlations
      • Non-statistically significant correlations
    • Additional analyses
  • 5 Conclusion
    • Importance of factors in addition to access affecting the use of antenatal care
    • Importance of the content of antenatal care
    • Limitations
    • Future work
  • Appendix A: Detailed methods
    • Geocoding of service locations
    • Population centroids
    • Manual adjustment of area centroids
    • Calculating drive times from population centroid-to-service locations
    • Proportion of SA2 population within a 1 hour drive time of nearest service location
    • Concordance of perinatal data to IREG/PHN
    • Proportion of IREG/PHN populations within a 1 hour drive time of nearest service location
  • Appendix B: PHN results
    • Descriptive statistics
    • Statistical analyses
  • Glossary
  • References
  • List of tables
  • List of figures
  • Related publications