2.07 Employment

This measure reports on the employment status of Indigenous Australians aged 15–64.

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Why is it important?

This measure reports on the employment status of Indigenous Australians aged 15–64. Participation in employment has important consequences for health, social and emotional wellbeing and living standards for individuals, families and communities (Bambra 2011; Gray et al. 2014). Conversely, being sick or disabled, or looking after someone in poor health acts as a barrier to labour force participation (Belachew & Kumar 2014). Health risks from being unemployed include mental health and stress related health impacts such as heart disease (Wilkinson & Pickett 2009), being unable to afford necessities such as food, security, safe neighbourhoods and adequate housing (Bambra 2011), and the effects from adopting unhealthy coping behaviours (Dooley et al. 1996). Experiencing extended and repeated periods of unemployment compound these effects (Taulbut et al. 2013).

Related measures

Data sources

  • Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey
  • Australian Health Survey
  • General Social Survey
  • National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey
  • National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey
  • National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Survey
  • National Health Survey
  • Survey of Education and Work

References

  • Bambra C 2011. Work, worklessness, and the political economy of health. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Gray M, Hunter B & Biddle N 2014. The economic and social benefits of increasing Indigenous employment. Canberra: Australian National University.
  • Belachew TA & Kumar A 2014. Examining association between self‑assessed health status and labour force participation using pooled NHS data. Canberra: ABS.
  • Wilkinson RG & Pickett KE 2009. Income inequality and social dysfunction. Annual Review of Sociology 35:493–511.
  • Dooley D, Fielding J & Levi L 1996. Health and unemployment. Annual Review of Public Health 17:449–65.
  • Taulbut M, Walsh D, Parcell S, Hartmann A, Poirier G, Strniskova D et al. 2013. What can ecological data tell us about reasons for divergence in health status between West Central Scotland and other regions of post‑industrial Europe? Public Health 127:153–63.